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  • Elwin, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad bär jag med mig?: Barnsjukhuskuratorers upplevelser av sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Stenberg, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sundström, Elisabeth
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Vad patienten vill och vad patienten får: En litteraturöversikt om dödshjälp2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In 1997 it became legal for patients with a terminal illness to receive assistance to end their lives in Oregon, USA. The same legislative change came into force in the Netherlands in 2002. These changes have not occurred in Sweden, however a debate is ongoing in terms of the option to legalise active and physician assisted suicide and the ethical and moral aspects of this issue.

    Aim: The aim is to identify factors leading to patients with a diagnosis of cancer or ALS requesting assistance to end their lives.

    Method: A literature review and analysis was carried out, in combination with an overview of 11 ethically audited scientific articles.

    Results: The conclusion was divided into four main themes; depression and burden without a sub theme, pain with sub themes suffering and fatigue, existential values with sub theme hope and hopelessness and finally quality of life with the sub theme strength.

    Discussion: There is an evident interest in the discussion about legalising assisted suicide in Sweden, amongst patients as well as medical professionals. The patient's desire may be overridden as the subject is tabooed, thereby reducing patient autonomy and the patient´s right to self-determination. Patients' attitude towards death assistance has been discussed on the basis of theories of Helga Kuhse, Katie Eriksson and ICN's ethical code.

  • Mörner, Robin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tegbäck, Emelie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Motståndskraft och skyddsfaktorer hos barn med deprimerade föräldrar: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carlsson, Yvonne
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Barnets bästa med ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bjurling, Natalie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Jörgenstam, Sandra
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av dödshjälp: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Euthanasia is a debated subject that concerns nurses’ duties. Several countries and states have legalized euthanasia. Euthanasia can be seen as a way of respecting patients wishes, relieving suffering and preserving dignity. However, it can also be considered against healthcare personnels own autonomy or ICN ethical code, which means that the health care task is to alleviate and cure and not harm the patient. Healthcare professionals describe difficulties in dealing with situations where these components differ in a variety of ways.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight nurses’ experiences and factors that may affect experiences of working with people who want or will undergo euthanasia.

     Method: A literature review according to Friberg was conducted. The result is based on ten original articles that were obtained through systematic search. The analysis was conducted by thematization and color-coding.

    Results: Workning with assistens in death was experienced differently depending on the type of euthanasia that was carried out, the experiences of patients and relatives, participation in decision making, ethical codes and laws, as well as nurses’ own values and experiences. This led to both positive and negative experiences for the nurse. These experiences could also be managed through formal or informal support, which in turn contributed to nurses’ experiences.

    Discussion: The discussion is based on Travelbees theory of interpersonal relationships and how care without rolls can contribute to better care, but also affect nurses’ experiences of care. In addition, there is discussion about how nurses own values ​​and understandings affect experiences in health care.

  • Södergren, Josefine
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Serra, Linn
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med HIV: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People with HIV now live longer and more nurses will therefore meet them in different care situations. There are treatments that stop the progression of the disease, but despite that, there is an increased need for nursing for HIV infected patients. Patients sometimes experiences predjudices made by nurses or that they aren’t offered equal care. Understanding and knowledge about HIV that includes medicine and specific care needs, as well as transmission and disease course, therefore, need to be found in nurses.

    Aim: The aim was to illustrate nurses’ experiences of caring for people with HIV.

    Method: A literature review where ten peer-reviewed articles were searched from databases to answer the aim.

    Results: The result is presented in three themes describing nurses' experiences of caring for HIV patients. Nurses’ experiences has been different, but has given outcome for similar feelings. Nurses’ attitudes have come from both knowledge and experiences. Nurses were willing to care for HIV-infected patients, although many experienced fear during nursing care. The desire to care differed between countries based on experiences, attitudes and personal values. Experiences of safe work and counseling had given nurses a positive attitude towards HIV-infected patients. Therefore they were given the opportunity to create care relationships that could lead to a more optimal care. Nurses’ felt that more experience and knowledge contributed to an increased empathetic approach and understanding.

    Discussion: The discussion treat the results based on Travelbee’s human-to-human realation and the authors reflections that has occured during the workprocess. Where the results is discussed and highlight different experiences, knowledge, feelings and attitudes.

  • Petersson, Eriq
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ragragui, Mohamed
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Curitas möter Caritas: en litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter palliativt inom intensivvård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The intensive care has a curative caring culture, and the goal is to cure patients. Even so, one fifth of the deaths in Sweden happen within the intensive care. This makes the need for qualified palliative care apparent, though research shows that current care fails to meet these needs

    Aim: To describe nurses experiences of providing palliative care in an intensive care context.

    Method: An integrative literature review based on twelve qualitative scientific articles.

    Results: Three themes were constructed:  striving to create a dignified death, barriers to a dignified death and factors that promote a dignified death.

    Discussion: Based on selected parts of Watson's Caring Science Nursing Theory and in relation to other research, the results considered to be of highest interest is discussed.

  • Hristoforova, Galina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Markström, Lilja
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patientens upplevelse av att leva med afasi i följ av en stroke2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Afasi är en av de vanligaste komplikationer efter stroke där brutits alla typer av talaktivitet. Kommunikation genom språk kan hindras av afasi, en förvärvad språk feltolkning. Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att till stor del stödja patientens livskvalitet och öka hens trivsel och välbefinnande.

    Syfte: Att belysa patientens upplevelse med afasi efter stroke.

    Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie gjordes av elva vetenskapliga artiklar från databaserna CINAHL och PubMed där ett induktivt förhållningssätt tillämpas vid analysprocessen.

    Resultat: Innehållsanalysen av de 11 vetenskapliga artiklarna resulterade i fyra huvudkategorier och tre underkategorier: kommunikationssvårigheter, förlust av vardagliga sysselsättningar, förändring av självbild och identitet, känslopåverkan. De valda underkategorierna är bristande förståelsen, social delaktighet, frustration, ångest och ensamhet.

    Diskussion: Frustration och ensamhet vanliga känslor hos personer med afasi. Patienter med afasi känner sig inte som samma personer längre på grund av sin sjukdom. Självbilden och självförtroende sänks. Sjuksköterskan bör vara medveten om patienter med afasi upplever utanförskap, och sträva efter att bekräfta och skapa förståelse hos patient.

  • Azad, Avesa
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Al-Nasser, Nadia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelse av depression: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:Mental health is one of the Swedish largest major diseases and 20 percent of the population over 65 years are suffering. As the number of elderly will increase as well life expectancy increases, the number of people with depression will also follow the developments. The arise of depression in the elderly can have both biological and social factors. Putting the right diagnosis to the elderly group can be difficult as a change of state of mind is sometimes mistaken for signs of aging.

    Aim: To describe elderly's experience of living with depression. 

    Method: In this literature review, ten scientific studies were used and analyzed and preformed according to Friberg’s method. Eight of the selected articles were qualitative studies, one article was using meta-analysis method and one article was by mixed method. Databases used for the search of scientific articles were CINAHL Complete and PubMed.

    Results: The result have analyzed and presented based on Katie Eriksson's nursing theory. Two main theme were designed, the first theme life suffering with subthemes loneliness, hopelessness and shame. The second main theme is suffering from illness with subthemes the physical suffering.

    Discussion:The main findings loneliness and shame are discussed based on Karin Dahlberg's theory of caring, to gain a deeper understanding of the result. The importance of the nurse's role is emphasize by the authors, since better treatment and increased knowledge lead to faster recovery for the elderly.

     

  • Gotti, Maria
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Post mortem care: att vården den avlidne patienten: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda den avlidna patienten i palliativ vård2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: När en patient avlider fortsätter vården även efter dödsögonblicket, vårdpersonal tar hand om både patient och närstående även efter att döden har inträtt. Att göra iordning den avlidne (post mortem care) är en uppgift omgärdad av symboliska handlingar och ritualer. Utbildningar lägger ringa vikt vid att lära ut färdigheter kring denna typ av vård och upplevelsen av att vårda en avliden patient är sparsamt undersökt i forskning och litteratur.

    Syfte: Att beskriva vad sjuksköterskor upplever som viktigt och meningsfullt i sitt arbete med vård av avlidna patienter i palliativ verksamhet.

    Metod: Arbetet har en deskriptiv design och är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med både fokusgruppintervju och enskild intervju som datainsamlingsmetod. Materialet bearbetades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i tre huvudkategorier och sju underkategorier:

    Kunskap och erfarenhet:

    • teoretisk kunskap
    • erfarenhetsbaserad kunskap

    Relationer och roller:

    • sjuksköterskors relation till patienten
    • närståendes roll och betydelse för sjuksköterskor

    Handlingar och ritualer:

    • symboliska handlingar
    • avslut och avsked
    • reflektion

    Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades med KASAM som teoretisk referensram och överensstämmer med tidigare forskning. I resultatet framkom att vården av avlidna ansågs vara meningsfull och en arbetsuppgift som sträcker sig längre än omvårdnad, t.ex. inkluderades närståendestöd och egen reflektion som delar av post mortem care. Resultatet visar också att kunskapen till största del är erfarenhetsbaserad och att deltagarna i studien tycker det är viktigt att erfarna får tid och möjlighet att lära nya/oerfarna.

  • Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Institute for Civil Society Studies.
    Av vetenskap stärkt saklighet: En analys av hur Centralförbundet för alkohol- och narkotikaupplysning (CAN) använt vetenskap i ideologier, strukturer och processer för att framstaå som oberoende (1902-2015)2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med kunskap om hur en ideell organisation använder vetenskap för att framstå som oberoende. Tidigare forskning har uppmärksammat hur oberoende är ett fundamentalt värde för ideella organisationer och hur ideella organisationer kan bli oberoende. I denna studie granskas en ideell organisations arbete med att framstå som oberoende med hjälp av vetenskap. Enligt tidigare litteratur lyfts vetenskap fram som en central aspekt att betona för att signalera oberoende. Det empiriska materialet utgörs av en fallstudie av Centralförbundet för alkohol- och narkotikaupplysning (CAN) och hur organisationen använder vetenskap i strukturer, processer och ideologier under perioden 1902-2015. Studiens forskningsfrågor rör hur CAN organiserar sig för att framställa sig som oberoende och vilken betydelse vetenskap har för organisatoriska åtgärder i form av strukturer, processer och ideologier samt varför och för vem det är viktigt att CAN framstår som oberoende. En sammanfattning av resultaten visar för det första att CAN använder flera olika strategier samtidigt för att främja bilden av sig själv som oberoende. Organisationen använder även andra strategier än ekonomiska och de som rör en nära relation mellan stat och civilsamhälle. En tolkning av studiens empiriska och analytiska resultat är att även om det kan vara viktigt för CAN att framstå som oberoende för att kunna genomföra sitt uppdrag, är det antagligen än viktigare för andra aktörer i CAN:s närhet att organisationen framstår som oberoende.

  • Glemmefors, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Ottosson, Simon
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Mitt hjärta – mitt liv: Kvinnors upplevelser efter en hjärtinfarkt - en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction is the dominant cause of death in Sweden. Each year approximately 11 000 women are affected, however due to advances in research and improved treatment methods, about two thirds of these women survive. Stress is a common underlying cause of myocardial infarction in women. The society's expectations of women, such as care and main responsibility for the family, can be seen as contributing to this. Nursing care is focused on support and motivation for lifestyle changes and self-care with the aim of avoiding a relapse and increasing the woman's health and independence.

    Aim: To illustrate womens´experiences after a myocardial infarction.

    Method: The method used was a literature review and based on ten qualitative articles retrieved from the CINAHL, PsycINFO and PubMed databases. All articles were quality-reviewed and compiled based on the similarities and differences of the results. The result is reported through an integrated analysis.

    Results: Women experienced a change in life after a myocardial infarction, with both physical and psychosocial problems. The family, social network and health care contacts played a crucial role in women's ability to recover. The information received regarding the disease was not experienced as adapted to their needs. The result is presented in three main categories, a changed life, meaning of relationships and the way back.

    Discussion: The result is discussed based on women´s experiences, Dorothea Orem's nursing theory and previous research. The results of the literature review show that women experience a changed existence and identity. Lack of knowledge and motivation reduces the self-care capacity. By planning nursing based on the individual woman's knowledge, needs and conditions, her opportunities for self-care are strengthened.

  • Vilén, Siri
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Nakyanzi, Sylvia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att leva med peritonealdialys i vardagen: en litteraturöversik2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Antal personer som lever med kronisk njursvikt ökar med befolkningsökningen. Peritonealdialys är en vanlig livsuppehållande behandling för patienter som lever med kronisk njursvikt som främst sköts av patienter i hemmet. För att kunna fortsätta leva med sjukdomen under kontroll kräver peritonealdialys införande av nya livsförändringar som på olika sätt kan vara påfrestande för patienterna.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med peritonealdialys i sin vardag.

    Metod: Litteraturöversikten baserades på elva vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativa ansatser hämtade från databaserna CINAHL complete och PsyINFO. Sökorden som användes vid artikelsökning var patient experience, living with" och "peritoneal dialysis" som vidare utökades till "perspective", "home dialysis, qualitative study och interview'' med års begränsning 2000- 2017.

    Resultat: Litteraturöversikten visade att patienternas upplevelser av att leva med peritonealdialys innefattade en livsförändringsprocess med upplevelser av övergång som en besvärlig vändpunkt i livet vilket började redan vid PD- initiering. De första sex månaderna var den svåraste tiden att hitta balansen och anpassa sig till ett nytt levnadssätt, under den perioden hade patienterna stora behov av stöd både från sjukvården och det egna sociala nätverket dels för att bearbeta de olika förluster och begränsningar relaterad till PD- behandlingen, dels för att upprätthålla motivationen för att fortsätta sköta sin behandling. Med tiden ökade patienterna upplevelser av oberoende självständighet i att hantera sin egenvård och deras behov av stöd minskade, stödet från sjukvården minskade till enbart rutinkontroller.

    Diskussion: Patienters upplevelser av att leva med PD diskuterades och analyserades utifrån Orems teori om egenvårdsbalans och tidigare forskning. Större delen av diskussionen understryker betydelse av sjukvårdpersonalens bemötande som kan såväl positivt som negativt påverka patienters upplevelser. Hur väl en patient lyckades med sin egenvård berodde mycket på bemötandet, anpassad information, typ av stöd i patientens sociala nätverk och vilka vårdinsatser patienten fick under behandlingsprocessen.  

  • Lidholm, Karolina
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Lindgren, Mollie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva i marginalen: En litteraturöversikt om HBTQ-personers upplevelser av mötet med vårdpersonal2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: LGBTQ is a collective term for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer and is a current issue in today’s society. The perception of LGBTQ-persons has changed through history, where laws have been developed and organizations have been formed in order to promote living conditions and are working for equal rights. LGBTQ-persons are still subject to hate crimes and discrimination. The occurrence of health issues, such as somatic disease, mental illness and various forms of substance abuse are more common in this minority group than among the rest of the population. Communication is a determining factor for the experience of the encounter.

    Aim: To describe LGBTQ-persons’ experiences of the encounters with healthcare professionals.

    Method: A literature review was conducted, where ten science articles were examined and analyzed based on similarities and differences, to answer the aim.

    Results: The result is presented through two themes and three subthemes: The varying knowledge of health care professionals includes Being a reference and The health care professionals’ attitudes and approach, as well as the theme To disclose or not to disclose includes Internalized stigma.

    Discussion: The discussion highlights the importance of an open approach and awareness to promote equal care in which all people will feel safe and welcome. Two phenomena are discussed, Discrimination as a result of the disclosure of sexual identity and Heteronormativity as a result of social structures, in relation to Joyce Travelbee's theory of interpersonal relationships.

  • Erabi, Fatima
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Margol, Natalia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    En litteraturöversikt om hur vuxna personer upplever att leva med ADHD2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is characterized by concentration difficulties with hyperactivity and impulsivity. ADHD also have an impact on a person’s ability to manage their everyday lives.  This disorder is attributed to both genetic and non-genetic factors that are biological and psychosocial reasons. Current assessment of ADHD diagnosis is usually made by an investigating team at a psychiatric clinic. The team assesses the individual's extensive difficulties in managing everyday life. The Swedish health care programs are the basis for individualized treatment and psychosocial support.

    Aim: The purpose of this literature review was to describe how people experience living with ADHD before and after the diagnosis.

    Method: A literature review according to Friberg was conducted. Thirteen qualitative articles were used for the analysis. The articles were retrieved from the databases Cinahl, PsycInfo and PubMed. The following keywords were used: ADHD, symptoms, adults, patient experiences, quality of life and qualitative research.

    Results: The analysis resulted in two main themes Life before the diagnosis and Life after the diagnosis. Participants report difficulties in adapting to daily routines, low self-esteem and senses of isolation before diagnosis. After diagnosis, the participants described the effect of medical treatment and support and explained that this bad contributed to the ability to work in the social environment. Their increased knowledge of ADHD diagnosis and support in daily life leads to improved problem management, giving them a new meaning in life.

    Discussion: The adults' experiences of living with ADHD are discussed in relation to Erikson's theory of suffering and health. The discussion section also focuses on the nurses’ professional role and responsibility during the investigation and the treatment of patients with ADHD.

  • Jonsson, Karin
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
    Den analytiska förmågan - en gåva och en förbannelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Psykoterapeuter har genom lång utbildning och kliniskt arbete övat upp en analytisk förmåga. Den förmågan består av dels förmågan till uppmärksamhet och iakttagelse, dels förmågan av analys av det som uppmärksammats. Detta är själva navet i det kliniska arbetet att kunna fånga upp både medvetna och omedvetna processer hos patienten för att terapi ska kunna bedrivas. Förmågan till iakttagelse och analys innefattar även den egna personen. Det innebär att terapeuten i arbetet inte bara är medveten om den andres inre processer utan även de egna inre procceserna.

    Frågeställningar: Denna studie syftar till att uppmärksamma hur terapeuten upplever den analytiska förmågan i sitt personliga liv för att undersöka om utbildning och arbete faktiskt har en djupare inverkan på privatlivet. Hur upplever terapeuterna att det är att leva med den kunskap och den medvetenhet som den psykoterapeutiska utbildningen och det fortsatt kliniska arbetet bidragit till? Vilka möjligheter och svårigheter bidrar det till? Kommer den analytiska förmågan att få konsekvenser även i terapeutens personliga liv och relationer? Hur hanteras dessa konsekvenser?

    Metod: Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod med fenomenologisk och deskriptiv ansats. Fem legitimerade psykoterapeuter har intervjuats med kvalitativa intervjuer om de upplever att deras analytiska förmåga påverkar deras personliga liv. Intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades med den kvalitativ metoden innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att den analytiska förmågan upplevdes i hög grad påverka terapeutens personliga liv. Detta resultat presenteras i form av fem kategorier och 14 underkategorier. De fyra kategorierna omfattar 1. hur fungerar den analytiska förmågan, 2. hur upplevs den, 3. hur används den, 4. hur kopplar psykoterapeuterna av från den och 5. hur påverkas identiteten. Ett övergripande tema som framträddeoch som fanns som en röd tråd genom alla intervjuer var att den analytiska förmågan upplevdes både som en gåva och en förbannelse.

    Diskussion: Det som framkommer i denna studie av hur psykoterapeuter upplever den analytiska förmågan i sina personliga liv överensstämmer med den tidigare forskning som gått att få fram. Terapeuterna upplever att deras yrkesfärdighet i allra högsta grad påverkar deras personliga liv, men upplever det framför allt som något positivt. Nackdelar framgår men fördelarna överväger.  

  • Vlachos, Katarina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ombytta roller: En litteraturstudie om unga omsorgsgivare i invandrade familjer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Identifying children as carers is a new way of understanding children's reality, and the knowledge and awareness of this group is still limited in Sweden and in other countries. This applies even more to young carers in immigrant families. There are currently few studies that highlight the situation of this group specifically. The purpose of the present study was to analyse research on young carers focusing on those with a foreign background. This was done through a literature review in which nine scientific articles on the situation of immigrant young carers were compiled and analysed. The result was then discussed from a sociological perspective on knowledge. The result shows that in the articles examined, there is a tendency to culturise young carers in immigrant families. The situation of immigrant young carers, irrespective of ethnicity, is described to be somewhat different from that of young carers from the majority community. Although factors such as socio-economic conditions are stated to play a role, it is culturally coloured beliefs that children are willing and able to give care to their family, and that it is primarily a task for girls, which is stated to play a crucial role for the caregiving of immigrant young carers. This approach also has implications for how the support for this group is proposed to be designed. Furthermore, the result shows that there is a tendency to focus on the risks that may exist with children’s caregiving, especially when children take over their parents' responsibilities and tasks. The reviewed material highlight the possible positive effects of immigrant children's caregiving, but the starting point is the potential problems that may arise with the adaptation of immigrant families to a new culture, which in turn may make young immigrants a risk group for a large amount of caregiving.

  • Sawaya, Gina
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Genusperspektiv i förvaltningsrättsliga domar enligt lagen om vård av unga2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Law (1990: 52) with special provisions for the care of young people (LVU) provides legal requirements that should be met when applying the law. The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze LVU judges in two different counties based on section 3 in LVU. The investigation includs four judgments from Stockholm's Administrative Court and four judgments from Uppsala's Administrative Court. The judgement elected for this study were based on Section 3 of the LVU, primarily to be able to analyze the three requisits in the law: abuse, crime and other socially degrading behavior. The judgments were based on all the props contained in the LVU. The method used in the study was a content analysis, in the form of a text analysis. The result of the study shows that there are gender-specific differences in the judgments examined.