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  • Forsman, Annie
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Forsell, Sofia
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens upplevelser av att vårda patienter med missbruksproblematik: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society, the word addiction is often stigmatized and has a negative tone. The use of illegal drugs increases in society, which means a greater burden on healthcare. According to the Health Care Act the aim is to promote good health and provide equal treatment for the entire population. The care should be given with respect for the equal worth of all people and the dignity of the individual. Studies show that patients with substance abuse experienced a stigmatized behaviour from healthcare professionals.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to describe the healthcare professionals' experiences of caring for patients with substance abuse.

    Method: This literature review was made by studying ten scientific articles. The articles have been analysed according to Friberg's method of analysis where the authors found similarities and differences of experiences, which were reported in various main themes and sub themes.

    Results: Based on the analysis, two main themes were created: Negative experiences and Positive experiences. Negative experiences were divided into four sub themes: Education and knowledge, Fear and lack of confidence, Feeling insufficient and Stigmatization.

    Discussion: The main findings of the result have been discussed in relation to the background of the literature review and Joyce Travelbee's Human-To-Human Relationship Model as a reference frame. 

  • Frostell, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Stark, Annika
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Att leva med Crohns sjukdom och ulcerös kolit: en litteraturöversikt över patienters upplevelser av det dagliga livet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory bowel diseases that have increased significantly in recent decades. The diseases can debut at all ages, and they have a negative effect on the patients´ quality of life. A nurse has an important part of ensuring that patients receive sufficient information and support to manage their self-care.

    Aim: The purpose was to illuminate how patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis experienced the effects of the symptoms in their daily lives and how they adapted to the disease.

    Method: A literature review based on eleven nursing studies with qualitative design was conducted. The studies were analyzed based on the chosen purpose and key findings were compiled under two main themes.

    Results: The literature review illustrated how the participants experienced the symptoms of the disease and what impact they had on everyday life. The impact on family life, relationships, social contexts and working life were described. In summary, the disease was an obstacle. The emotional impact of the disease and how the participants perceived that they suffered from an invisible disease were described. Finally, what attitudes the participants had towards life, what strategies were used to manage the disease, and that acceptance of the disease was important for learning to handle it.

    Discussion: The findings have been discussed based on Callista Roys adaptation model and linked to other scientific studies. Life with a chronic disease involves constant changes, and the nurse can help the patient to achieve balance by identifying factors that affect the adaptation.

  • Arnsvik, Elin
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Malm, Jenny
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelse av att stötta sin partner med en kurativ cancersjukdom: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A large number of individuals are affected by cancer disease every year, but due to improved treatment and early discovery many are cured. The illness, also affect the patient´s significant other and may increase their risk of own health-related problems.

    Aim: The aim was to describe significant others´ experiences when supporting a partner in curative phase of cancer disease.

    Method: The results are based on twelve scientific articles and categorized in seven themes. The Roy Adaptation model was used to discuss the result. Data were collected from the CINAHL and PUBMED databases, including articles from the years 2007-2017.

    Results: The results show that significant others´ own needs were put aside during their partner´s illness. Their identities were affected as they were adapting their everyday life to be able to support their partner. A partner´s illness also changed the couple’s roles as the couples responsibility changed within the relationship. If the significant other experienced the support as burdensome their health could be negatively affected. Significant others´ experienced their relationship to their partner to improve during the illness.

    Discussion: The four adaptation modes by Roy are related to each other and are hard to distinguish and the holistic view of each person is important. We conclude that it is important that the health care system also acknowledges the significant other´s needs and situations and thereby provide support needed to elude future health issues.

  • Brunius, Åsa
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    GE UPP, STÅNGA HUVUDET I VÄGGEN ELLER HITTA EN NY VÄG: en intervjustudie om hur sjuksköterskor kan främja hälsoprocessen vid psykisk sjukdom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research shows that there is a need for greater focus on supporting the patient to find an meaning in life and to accept life as it is and from that insight move on to new goals. Research also shows that mental ill health is a public health problem that leads to an increased risk of dying prematurely. It appears that the search for meaning in life, belonging and independence is important and crucial to the health experience. It appears that all people can develop and have a potential that can be made the most of. Influence and participation are crucial for good care and patients want to feel that they can influence and shape their own lives.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe how nurses in psychiatric care support patients with mental illness to begin a changing process with a view to a better mental well-being.

    Method: A qualitative method, with interviews of five nurses in psychiatric care. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. A qualitative content analysis with inductive approach was used for the analysis.

    Results: How nurses work to support patients is presented in three main categories: Relationship-building actions, Strengthening and fortifying the patient, The nurse as a leader, organizing and making decisions.

    Discussion: It is the nurse that is the tool, not the model itself. To meet as human beings as well as to build relationships that are the key to helping another person begin a change process and find new goals in life.

  • Christine, Bratt
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Scheele, Sofie
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av sexualitet efter ryggmärgsskada: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One-fifth of those who suffer from spinal cord injury are women. There is little research that illustrates women's experience of sexuality after spinal cord injury that caused paraplegia or tetraplegia.

    Aim: To describe the women's experience of sexuality after acquired spinal cord injury.

    Method: A literature review according to Friberg (2012) has been conducted. Ten scientific articles were selected, six of which were of qualitative design, two with quantitative design and two articles with mixed method. The databases Cinahl Complete, Pubmed and Nursing & Allied Health database were used to search the articles. The articles were read and analyzed regarding similarities and differences in results, theory, perspective and methodology (Friberg, 2012). Similarities were color-coded and divided into themes.

    Results: The literature review resulted in five themes. In the theme self-esteem it was found that spinal cord injury changed the sexual identity, body perception and self-esteem. The theme information revealed how the women experienced information and how the information was perceived as inadequate. The theme sex and intimacy revealed how women revised their expectations for the intercourse. The theme relations and the social environment describe how the women experienced that they were perceived by society as well as difficulties in establishing and maintaining intimate relationships. In the theme of physical barriers and practical barriers, various bodily aspects that influenced sexuality emerged.

    Discussion: The result was discussed based on Roy’s adaptation model (Roy, 2009). Nurse’s educational function, the women’s experience of information, peer learning and how the internet could be used to meet the women’s need for information was discussed. The effect a spinal cord injury had on relationships, as well as being a single woman with a spinal cord injury and its effect on sexuality was also discussed. Norms of the society and how these affect the woman’s self-image are described.

  • Falk Johansson, Marcus
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.
    Specialisternas utbredning: En studie i två steg om specialisttjänster i kommunal socialtjänst2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today the Swedish social services are suffering from high workloads. Consequently this has led to poor retention and high turnover rates. Several Official Reports of the Swedish Governemnt as well as input from unions and Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions suggests that one way to handle the situation is through a more specialized social service.

    The suggested specialization includes masterprograms in socialwork (MSW, 60 ECT) for social workers and specialized civil servants. The present study will examine the prevalence of this kind of specialists, what they are called, their function and in what parts of the social services they serve.

    In the present studie I will atempt to understand specialized civil servants from interviews with social service managers perceptions using abduction and neoinstutitional organizational theory.

  • Gustafsson, Linnea
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Wernersson, Amanda
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
    Philippine nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with HIV: An interview study conducted in Baguio, Philippines2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 70 million people have been infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the disease continues to be a public health issue all around the world. There are around 42.000 people in the Philippines living with HIV and therefor the nurses and other health care personal play a key part of the persons lives when undergoing treatments.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe Philippine nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with HIV.

    Method: A qualitative method was used and data was collected through semi structured interviews with five Philippine nurses at a hospital in Baguio. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The findings resulted in two main themes. The first theme, Nurse patient relationship, shows that a nurse patient relationship is important when caring for HIV patients, including getting to know the patient, the importance of trust and giving person centered care. Factors that may be obstacles in the process of building a relationship is also included in this theme. The second theme, Important aspects of caring, including factors such as having conversations, listening and supporting the patient.

    Discussion: The main findings were discussed in relation to the literature and Travelbee’s human to human theory. The main focus in the discussion was the nurse and patient relationship and important aspects of caring for HIV patients.