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Publications (10 of 39) Show all publications
Klarare, A., Ekström, V., Godskesen, T., Westman, J., Mattsson, E. & Kneck, Å. (2024). Treatment of trauma-related conditions for people in homelessness: A scoping review. Journal of social distress and the homeless
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Treatment of trauma-related conditions for people in homelessness: A scoping review
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2024 (English)In: Journal of social distress and the homeless, ISSN 1053-0789, E-ISSN 1573-658XArticle, review/survey (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

People in homelessness face significant health inequities, with tri-morbidity, exposure to violence, substance use- and post-traumatic stress disorder. The aim of this scoping review was to describe treatments for trauma-related conditions for persons in homelessness. Systematic searches were performed in three databases: PubMed, PsycInfo and Scopus, guided by the PRISMA checklist. Nine studies fulfilled the criteria and were included in the review. Results show no randomized studies specifically focusing on treatment of trauma-related conditions for people in homelessness. Studies described interventions or programs that focused on consolidating and developing participants’ own strengths and skills to better navigate life with the challenges of homelessness, trauma, and PTSD. Treatment of trauma-related conditions may have positive effects for people in homelessness, as for others. Multimodal treatments, developing personal strengths and skills for people in homelessness, show potential to decrease trauma symptoms, however, more robust studies are needed for inferences and recommendations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
Homelessness, Scoping review, Therapies, Trauma, Treatment
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10708 (URN)10.1080/10530789.2024.2310948 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-01095Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-169
Available from: 2024-02-13 Created: 2024-02-13 Last updated: 2024-02-13Bibliographically approved
Siljeholm, O. & Ekström, V. (2023). A shift in focus: Mothers’ descriptions of sharing a child with a co-parent with unhealthy alcohol use after participating in a support program. Addiction science & clinical practice, 18(12)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A shift in focus: Mothers’ descriptions of sharing a child with a co-parent with unhealthy alcohol use after participating in a support program
2023 (English)In: Addiction science & clinical practice, ISSN 1940-0632, E-ISSN 1940-0640, Vol. 18, no 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Unhealthy alcohol use (UAU) affects not only the drinking individual, but also significant others (SOs), such as partners and children. Most of the harm to others caused by alcohol can be attributed to common, moderate drinking patterns, but existing studies have mainly included SOs of individuals with severe UAU. There is a need for increased knowledge regarding SOs of individuals in an earlier stage of UAU and efficacious support programs for this group. The aims of this study were to investigate reasons for seeking support as described by SOs sharing a child with a co-parent with UAU and to investigate how SOs perceived effects of a web-based self-delivered support program.

Methods

A qualitative design conducting semi-structured interviews with 13 female SOs sharing a child with a co-parent with UAU. The SOs were recruited from a randomized controlled trial of the web-based program and had completed at least two of four modules in the program. Transcribed interviews were analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis.

Results

Regarding reasons for seeking support, we created four categories and two subcategories. Main reasons were wanting validation/emotional support and coping strategies for handling the co-parent, and negative perceptions of available support options for SOs. Regarding perceived effects of the program, we created three categories and three subcategories. Main effects were an improved relationship to their children, increased own positive activities, and less adaptation to the co-parent, though SOs also mentioned what was perceived as missing in the program. We argue that the interviewees represent a population of SOs living with co-parents with slightly less severe UAU than previous studies and therefore provide new insights for future interventions.

Conclusions

The web-based approach with potential anonymity was important for facilitating support-seeking. Support for the SOs themselves and coping strategies for co-parent alcohol consumption were more common reasons for seeking help than worry about the children. For many SOs, the program was a first step in seeking further support. Spending more dedicated time with their children and being validated as living under stressful conditions were described by the SOs as particularly helpful.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
Keywords
Cognitive behavioral treatment, Concerned significant other, Conventional content analysis, Harms to others, Parental alcohol problems, Qualitative research, Web-based intervention
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10112 (URN)10.1186/s13722-023-00369-y (DOI)000936731300001 ()36793090 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-02-17 Created: 2023-02-17 Last updated: 2024-02-09Bibliographically approved
Brännnvall, M. & Ekström, V. (2023). Att arbeta i ”möjlighetsfönstret”: Polis och socialtjänst i samverkan vid akuta ärenden av våld i familjer med barn. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 30(1), 435-455
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att arbeta i ”möjlighetsfönstret”: Polis och socialtjänst i samverkan vid akuta ärenden av våld i familjer med barn
2023 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 435-455Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article describes and discusses the cooperation between police and social services when working in accordance with the so-called Icelandic model. The aim of this article is to explore what cooperation within the Icelandic model during the “window of opportunity” means for police officers and social workers discretion and their possibility to perform their work in acute cases of domestic violence in families with children. Empirical data consists of interviews with police officers and social workers. Theories of new institutionalism and street level bureaucrats are used in the analysis. Results show that the Icelandic model has led to increased cooperation between police and social workers at the crime scene. The police and social workers state that they can focus to a greater extent on carrying out what they regard as their own tasks in acute cases of domestic violence when they work according to the model. At the same time, the model has entailed increased control of their work, which has reduced the degree of discretion and possibility for professional assessments and priorities. The perception that there is a “window of opportunity” is shared by the police and the social services and they believe that coordinated efforts in the acute phase are important.

Keywords
Domestic violence, Cooperation, Social services, Police, Window of opportunity
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10235 (URN)10.3384/SVT.2023.30.1.4274 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-05-24 Created: 2023-05-24 Last updated: 2023-05-24Bibliographically approved
Åkerlund, N., Ekström, V. & Johansson, D. (2023). Examensmålet mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer: Socionom- och sjuksköterskestudenters uppfattningar om sin kunskap, erfarenhet och förmåga gällande våld i nära relationer i början och slutet av utbildningen. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 100(2), 321-335
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examensmålet mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer: Socionom- och sjuksköterskestudenters uppfattningar om sin kunskap, erfarenhet och förmåga gällande våld i nära relationer i början och slutet av utbildningen
2023 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 100, no 2, p. 321-335Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I denna tvärsnittsstudie undersöks 538 socionom- och sjuksköterskestudenters uppfattningar om sin kunskap om mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld i nära relationer. En betydande andel av studenterna skattar att de har kunskap om och erfarenhet av att arbeta med våld redan i början av sina studier. Kunskap som de fått via tidigare utbildningar och arbetslivserfarenheter. Studenternas skattningar indikerar att de aktuella utbildningarna innehåller våld, även om omfattningen varierar. Studien visar på få skillnader mellan sjuksköterske- och socionomstudenters upplevda kunskap och erfarenhet. Studenternas skattningar tydliggör att studenter tillägnar sig kunskap och erfarenhet även via undervisningen, VFU och arbete vid sidan av studierna och att studenter i slutet av utbildningarna skattar sin kunskap och förmåga att agera professionellt högre, jämfört med studenter i början av utbildningarna.

Abstract [en]

In this cross-sectional study, 538 social work- and nursing students percep-tions of their knowledge of men’s violence against women and domestic violence are examined. A percentage of the students estimate that they have knowledge and experience, already at the beginning of their studies, knowledge that they have gained through previous studies and work experiences. The students’ estimates indicate that both programs address issues of vio-lence, although the extent varies. The study shows few differences between perceived knowledge and experience of social work- and nursing students. The study indicates that students acquire knowledge and experience also through teaching, VFU and work alongside their studies and that students at the end of the educations rate their knowledge and ability to act professionally higher, compared to students at the beginning of the educations.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10323 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-21 Created: 2023-06-21 Last updated: 2023-06-21Bibliographically approved
Brännnvall, M. & Ekström, V. (2023). Immediate and coordinated responses to domestic violence: Exploring the window of opportunity concept. Journal of Gender-Based Violence, 7(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immediate and coordinated responses to domestic violence: Exploring the window of opportunity concept
2023 (English)In: Journal of Gender-Based Violence, ISSN 2398-6808, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines the window of opportunity concept and its implications for police officers’ and social workers’ perceptions of abused women’s agency. The study consists of a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with eight police officers and eight social workers who have worked according to the so-called Icelandic model. This model is based on the assumption that a window of opportunity exists. It is thus a relevant case for analysing the concept’s implications for practical work with and support of abused women.We found that the empirical basis for the window of opportunity concept was meagre. However, the professionals working with domestic violence thought that the concept was relevant, useful and in accordance with their experiences. During the time period they perceived as the window of opportunity, they attributed agency to abused women, and considered it important to offer support before the window closed. At the same time, they tended to underestimate women’s agency, and viewed a choice not to accept support as a sign that the woman had returned to the abuser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Policy Press, 2023
Keywords
Intimate partner violence, Agency, Intervention, Thematic analysis
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9953 (URN)10.1332/239868021X16693145720089 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-12-13 Created: 2022-12-13 Last updated: 2023-06-27Bibliographically approved
Dahl, F. & Ekström, V. (2023). Metoder för att motivera våldsutsatta och våldsutövande personer till stöd: En scoping review. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 100(2), 355-367
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metoder för att motivera våldsutsatta och våldsutövande personer till stöd: En scoping review
2023 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 100, no 2, p. 355-367Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I denna litteraturöversikt kartläggs och beskrivs befintlig forskning om hur män som utövar våld i nära relation respektive kvinnor som utsätts för våld i nära relation motiveras till att ta emot stöd. 13 artiklar inkluderades i litteraturöversikten där två skilda angreppssätt identifierades; Second Responder program (SRP) och inledande motiverande insats. Båda visar på goda resultat i bemärkelsen ökad tillgång till och användning av stöd. Det är dock oklart vilka effekter insatserna har för återfall i brott. Framtida projekt och studier bör hantera tvetydigheten i återfall som utfallsmått och studier bör kompletteras med brukares egna röster om insatserna.

Abstract [en]

In this scoping review existing research on how perpetrators and victims of intimate partner violence are motivated to receive support is mapped and described. 13 articles were included in the scoping review where two different methods were identified: Second Responder Program (SRP) and initial motivational effort. Both show optimistic results in the sense of increased access to and use of support. However, it is unclear what effects the interventions have on recidivism. Future projects and studies should consider the ambiguity of relapse as an outcome measure and studies should be supplemented with users’ own voices about the interventions.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10322 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-21 Created: 2023-06-21 Last updated: 2023-11-21Bibliographically approved
Ekström, V. & Johansson, M. (2023). No other choice than to go on: Mothers’ experiences of sharing parenthood with someone who has a problematic alcohol use. Nordic Social Work Research, 13(3), 380-392
Open this publication in new window or tab >>No other choice than to go on: Mothers’ experiences of sharing parenthood with someone who has a problematic alcohol use
2023 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 380-392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Having someone with problematic alcohol use in one’s life is connected to reduced personal wellbeing. For children in such families, support from a parent without alcohol problems can be a protective factor. However, there is a limited body of research on the challenges facing parents who do not have a drinking problem of their own but have children with someone who does. This study investigates how mothers are affected by the other parent’s problematic alcohol use and how mothers’ need for support can be understood. The study uses a qualitative design and consists of interviews with 23 mothers who have children together with a man who has a problematic alcohol use. The Stress-Strain-Coping-Support model developed by Orford and colleagues, is used in the analysis. Even though most mothers in the study are separated, they describe a lot of stress and strain, caused by the father’s problematic alcohol use. Parenthood can be regarded as a special form of stress. Constant worrying for your children is also a special form of strain affecting the parent without problematic alcohol use. Three areas of support needs are identified: therapeutic support, information and help to manage the father. However, the study also reveals great difficulties in finding support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Affected family members, Alcohol, SSCS, Support
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9240 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2021.2000479 (DOI)001099800900003 ()
Available from: 2021-11-10 Created: 2021-11-10 Last updated: 2023-12-13Bibliographically approved
Forthmeiier, F. & Ekström, V. (2023). Quality in Shelters: Experiences from Female Victims of Domestic Violence. In: : . Paper presented at European Conferences of Domestic Violence, Reykjavík, Iceland, 11-13 september 2023..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality in Shelters: Experiences from Female Victims of Domestic Violence
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Shelters in Sweden have been the subject of marketization and professionalization during the last decade. In most cases, it is the municipal social services who grants a woman placement in shelter and buys shelter services from either the women’s shelter movement or a private for-profit shelter. The social service are ought to ensure the shelters have a good qaulity standard. However, what good quality in shelter consists of is both relative and contextual. Different actors in a given context tend to represent different interests. Hence, it is difficult to define what quality is and therefore also ensuring and following up on measure of quality. This study investigates what quality in shelters is, according to female victims of domestic violence. The study has a qualitative design using semistructured interviews with 19 women who have experienced staying at a shelter. Several women describe quality in terms of the shelter’s staff members having miltifaceted traits. Simplified, quality of the staff is a combination of two different character types; the “professional staff member” who is educated, specialised on violence and can offer support and guidance and the “charitable staff member” who offers warmth, empathy and a more personal version of herself in order to meet the battered woman not only as a battered woman, but as a whole person with her own strengths, capacities and will. Another aspect of quality is the complexity of shelters’ rules; locked doors and security systems create a sense of unfairness when, as a victim, having to adjust to and living with daily-life restrictions as such. Diminishing the feeling of imprisonment seems to be an important aspect of improving quality in shelters. The study will provide knowledge about how quality in shelters can improve, knowledge that is important for further development of shelter practices for female victims of domestic violence.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10432 (URN)
Conference
European Conferences of Domestic Violence, Reykjavík, Iceland, 11-13 september 2023.
Available from: 2023-10-03 Created: 2023-10-03 Last updated: 2023-10-10Bibliographically approved
Ekström, V. & Olin Dahl, F. (2023). Samverkan som berikar: Utvärdering av IGOR-projektet. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samverkan som berikar: Utvärdering av IGOR-projektet
2023 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under 2022 har Marie Cederschiöld högskola haft i uppdrag att utvärdera IGOR-projektet, vilket är ett samverkansprojekt mellan polismyndigheten och socialtjänsten på Södermalm i Stockholm. IGOR arbetar uppsökande med mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relation och informerar, motiverar, erbjuder psykosocialt eller praktiskt stöd samt lotsar till andra avdelningar inom socialtjänsten eller polismyndigheten. Utvärderingens syfte har varit att undersöka hur projektet bidrar till att informera om och motivera till stödinsatser för våldsutsatta och våldsutövare. I syftet ingår att dokumentera hur samverkan mellan polis och socialtjänst fungerar i praktiken. I rapporten redovisas hur poliserna och socialsekreterarna i projektet arbetar för att i samverkan informera om och motivera till stöd, men också att de själva ger stöd till framförallt våldsutsatta kvinnor. Vidare diskuteras huruvida projektet bidrar till förbättrade möjligheter att informera om och motivera till stöd och vilka eventuella hinder och framgångsfaktorer som kan identifieras. Utvärderingen baseras på i huvudsak kvalitativa intervjuer med yrkesverksamma från polismyndigheten och socialtjänsten. Utöver dessa intervjuer har utvärderingen haft tillgång till IGOR:s egen statistik. Åtta brukare som har haft kontakt med projektet har också intervjuats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskola, 2023. p. 61
Series
Marie Cederschiöld högskola arbetsrapportserie, ISSN 1402-277X ; 104
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10117 (URN)
Available from: 2023-03-31 Created: 2023-03-31 Last updated: 2023-09-22
Ekström, V. & Hvenmark, J. (2022). Ett pris man får betala?: Om kvalitet i socialtjänstens arbete med skyddat boende. Sociologisk tidskrift, 59(4), 447-471
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ett pris man får betala?: Om kvalitet i socialtjänstens arbete med skyddat boende
2022 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk tidskrift, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 59, no 4, p. 447-471Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While most shelters for abused women in Sweden used to be run by the women’s movement, about half of the shelters are, today, operated by private companies. The social services’ procurement of these shelters has resulted in increased demands for quality and monito-ring. This article examines perceptions of quality regarding shelters among local politicians on municipal level and managers in the social services. The analysis shows that perceptions of quality range from adherence to the social services’ assignment orders to evidence, cost-effectiveness, and competence among staff both at the social services and shelters. Moreover, an overly “caring” attitude among staff both at the social services and shelters is portrayed as problematic and unprofessional. The article concludes that the social services’ work with quality, procurement of, and placements in shelters can constitute an unwieldy conf lict surface where logics and practices typical of both market and welfare are pitted against each other

Keywords
Intimate partner violence, Shelter, Quality, Social services, Marketization
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10123 (URN)10.37062/sf.59.24131 (DOI)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2023-03-09 Created: 2023-03-09 Last updated: 2023-03-10Bibliographically approved
Projects
Coordinated intervention systems against violence in close relationships [2019-01492_Forte]; Marie Cederschiöld University; Publications
Wollter, F. & Eriksson, M. (2024). Emergency Risk Assessments in Child Welfare Services: Developing Structured Support to Professional Assessments. Child & Family Social WorkJonsson, L., Linell, H. & Eriksson, M. (2024). Implementering av Efter barnförhöret i Stockholms stad. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaEriksson, M., Robertsson, K. & Bergman, A.-S. (2024). Specialiserade team vid våld i nära relation: en studie i tre kommuner. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaEriksson, M. & Wollter, F. (2023). Akuta bedömningar av våld i familjer med barn: Utvecklingen av ”iRiSk Akut”. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaEriksson, M. & Lagerlöf, H. (2023). BRA-samtal för barn i ekonomisk utsatthet & osäkra boendeförhållanden: En pilotstudie. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaBörjeson, M. & Eriksson, M. (2023). En modell för införandet av en akademisk socialtjänst i Stockholms stad: Slutrapport. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaRobertsson, K. (2023). Fyra sätt att organisera socialtjänstens insatser mot våld i nära relation. In: : . Paper presented at Nationell konferens med fokus på samordnade interventioner inom socialt arbete med våld mot barn och vuxna i nära relationer, Stockholm, 2 oktober 2023. Eriksson, M., Jonsson, L., Robertsson, K. & Vainik, A.-L. (2023). Införandet av en akademisk socialtjänst i Stockholms stad: Utökad pilot i Farsta stadsdels-förvaltning. Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskolaForthmeiier, F. & Ekström, V. (2023). Quality in Shelters: Experiences from Female Victims of Domestic Violence. In: : . Paper presented at European Conferences of Domestic Violence, Reykjavík, Iceland, 11-13 september 2023.. Kassman, A., Wollter, F. & Eriksson, M. (2023). The selective child welfare funnel: Children's exposure to violence and CWS investigations in Sweden. International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect, 144, Article ID 106356.
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2416-0124

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