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Seiger Cronfalk, BeritORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2296-2222
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Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Fjell, A., Seiger Cronfalk, B., Hermann, M., Rongve, A., Aßmus, J., Kvinge, L., . . . Boström, A.-M. (2021). Correction to: Factors associated with self-rated health in a Norwegian population of older people participating in a preventive home visit program. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1), Article ID 345.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correction to: Factors associated with self-rated health in a Norwegian population of older people participating in a preventive home visit program
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2021 (English)In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 345Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following publication of the original article, the authors identified some errors in one of the authors’ names as well as incorrect date in Table 4.

National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8938 (URN)10.1186/s12877-021-02269-9 (DOI)34090371 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2021-06-14 Created: 2021-06-14 Last updated: 2023-01-26Bibliographically approved
Hermann, M., Carstens, N., Kvinge, L., Fjell, A., Wennersberg, M., Follesø, K., . . . Boström, A.-M. (2021). Polypharmacy and Potential Drug-Drug Interactions in Home-Dwelling Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 14, 589-597
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Polypharmacy and Potential Drug-Drug Interactions in Home-Dwelling Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 14, p. 589-597Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Risks associated with polypharmacy and drug-drug interactions represent a challenge in drug treatment, especially in older adults. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of prescription and non-prescription drugs and the frequency of potential drug-drug interactions in home-dwelling older individuals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was applied. Data were collected during preventive home visits among individuals aged ≥75 in three separate communities of Western Norway. A questionnaire, which was filled out by the individual, their next-of-kin, and the nurse performing the home visit was used for the collection of demographic and clinical data (age, sex, medication use, diagnoses, need of assistance with drug administration). Potential drug-drug interactions were identified electronically by IBM Micromedex Drug Interaction Checking. Point prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions and polypharmacy (≥5 drugs) were calculated. Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to assess factors potentially associated with polypharmacy or potential drug-drug interactions.

Results: Among the 233 individuals (mean age 78±3 years, 46% male) included in the study, 43% used ≥5 drugs, 3.4% ≥10 drugs, while 4.3% used no drugs. In 54% of the 197 individuals using two or more drugs, at least one potential drug-drug interaction was detected. Low-dose aspirin and simvastatin were most frequently involved in potential drug-drug interactions. In total, 25% of the individuals reported current use of drugs sold over the counter of which more than 95% were analgesic drugs. Potential drug-drug interactions involving ibuprofen were identified in nine of 11 (82%) individuals using over-the-counter ibuprofen.

Conclusion: The study revealed a high prevalence of polypharmacy and potential drug-drug interactions with both prescription and non-prescription drugs in older home-dwelling individuals. Close monitoring of the patients at risk of drug-drug interactions, and increased awareness of the potential of over-the-counter drugs to cause drug-drug interactions, is needed.

Keywords
Drug–drug interactions, Home-dwelling, Old people, Polypharmacy
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8707 (URN)10.2147/JMDH.S297423 (DOI)33727821 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2021-03-24 Created: 2021-03-24 Last updated: 2023-01-26Bibliographically approved
Fjell, A., Seiger Cronfalk, B., Hermann, M., Rongve, A., Aßmus, J., Kvinge, L., . . . Boström, A.-M. (2020). Factors associated with self-rated health in a Norwegian population of older people participating in a preventive home visit program: a cross-sectional study. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1), Article ID 323.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors associated with self-rated health in a Norwegian population of older people participating in a preventive home visit program: a cross-sectional study
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2020 (English)In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Assessing self-rated health by preventive home visits of older people can provide information about the person's well-being, quality of life and risk of developing illness. The aim of this study was to examine associations between self-rated health and factors related to demographics, lifestyle, health conditions and medical diagnoses by older people participating in a preventive home visit program.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 233 participants (age 75-79) from three municipalities of Western Norway was conducted. Data were collected through preventive home visits performed by six nurses, using a questionnaire including self-rated health assessment and questions and tests related to demographics (e.g. education and housing), lifestyle (e.g. social activities, alcohol and smoking), health conditions (e.g. sensory impairment, pain and limited by disease) and medical diagnoses. Descriptive and inferential statistics including linear block-wise regression model were applied.

RESULTS: The block-wise regression model showed that the variables Limited by disease and Pain were negatively associated with self-rated health and Use internet was positively associated. The model had a R2 0.432. The variable that contributed to largest change in the model was Limited by disease (R2 Change; 0.297, p-value< 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, being limited by disease and pain were strongly associated with poor self-rated health, indicating that these are important factors to assess during a preventive home visit. Also, digital competence (Use internet) was associated with a better self-rated health, suggesting that it could be useful to ask, inform and motivate for the use of digital tools that may compensate for or improve social support, social contact and access to health -related information.

Keywords
Cross-sectional study design, Information and communication technology, Limited by disease, Linear regression model, Older adults, Preventive home visits, Self-rated health
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8359 (URN)10.1186/s12877-020-01733-2 (DOI)000615485500003 ()32887555 (PubMedID)
Note

Erratum in:

Fjell, A., Seiger Cronfalk, B., Hermann, M., Rongve, A., Aßmus, J., Kvinge, L., … Boström, A.-M. (2021). Correction to : Factors associated with self-rated health in a Norwegian population of older people participating in a preventive home visit program. BMC Geriatrics, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02269-9

Available from: 2020-11-06 Created: 2020-11-06 Last updated: 2023-02-07Bibliographically approved
Fjell, A., Cronfalk, B. S., Carstens, N., Rongve, A., Kvinge, L. M., Seiger, Å., . . . Boström, A.-M. (2018). Risk assessment during preventive home visits among older people.. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 11, 609-620
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk assessment during preventive home visits among older people.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 11, p. 609-620Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Preventive home visits (PHV) may contribute to identify risks and needs in older people, and thereby delay the onset of functional decline and illness, otherwise often followed by home care or admission to hospital or nursing homes. There is a need to increase knowledge about which factors are associated with different risk areas among older people, so that the PHV questionnaire focuses on relevant tests and questions to make the PHV more specific and have a clear focus and purpose.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine associations between five kinds of risks: risk of falls, malnutrition, polypharmacy, cognitive impairment, and risk of developing illness and factors related to lifestyle, health, and medical diagnoses among older people living at home.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was applied. PHV were conducted by nurses among 77-year-old people in an urban municipality and among ≥75-year-old people in a rural municipality. A questionnaire including tests and a risk assessment score for developing illness was used. Descriptive and inferential statistics including regression models were analyzed.

Results: The total sample included 166 persons. Poor perceived health was associated with increased risk of developing illness and risk of fall, malnutrition, and polypharmacy. Lifestyle and health factors such as lack of social support, sleep problems, and feeling depressed were associated with risk of developing illness. Risk of falls, malnutrition, polypharmacy, and cognitive impairment were also associated with increased risk of developing illness. None of the independent factors related to lifestyle, health, or medical diagnosis were associated with risk of cognitive impairment.

Conclusion: Poor perceived health was associated with health-related risks in older persons living at home. Preventive health programs need to focus on social and lifestyle factors and self-reported health assessment to identify older people at risk of developing illnesses.

Keywords
developing illness; lifestyle; logistic regression analysis; older adults; perceived health; preventive home visits; risk assessment; social factors
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7329 (URN)10.2147/JMDH.S176646 (DOI)30425507 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2023-10-24Bibliographically approved
Cronfalk, B. S., Norberg, A. & Ternestedt, B.-M. (2018). They are still the same: Family members' stories about their relatives with dementia disorders as residents in a nursing home.. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 32(1), 168-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>They are still the same: Family members' stories about their relatives with dementia disorders as residents in a nursing home.
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 168-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to better understand the context of suffering from dementia disorders, greater efforts should be made to understand and identify what persons with such disorders experience when living in a nursing home. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain further understanding of how persons with dementia disorders experienced and coped with their changed life situation after being relocated to a nursing home as described by their family members' perceptions. Qualitative data were collected from ten interviews with family members and evaluated using content analysis. The main findings suggest that residents with dementia disorders largely maintained their personality intact throughout the trajectory of illness as they were able to keep their habits and interests. The local environment of the nursing home and the residents' relationships to staff were important in order to feel accepted. Four categories were discerned during the analysis: living in limbo; coming to peace; keeping old habits and relationships; and thoughts about impending death. It is reasonable to believe that old habits and interests may be preserved as the embodiment of such habits are deeply rooted and connected to a person's identity even when going through various changes and transitions in life. Therefore, to be accepted as the person you are requires care and services to specific needs, i.e. person-centeredness. Lack of understanding from staff may therefore have an adverse effect on a person's self-respect and identity. For that reason, staff needs to reflect on their attitudes and relationships as well as extending their knowledge about how to address sensitive topics such as the residents' impending death. To achieve this support from managers is pivotal. Future research should focus on support to nursing staff to further knowledge and understanding about the individual changes resident go through near the end of life.

Keywords
Dementia care, Family care givers, Nursing home, Relocation, Transition
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7098 (URN)10.1111/scs.12442 (DOI)28464382 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2023-10-24Bibliographically approved
Seiger Cronfalk, B., Fjell, A., Carstens, N., Rosseland, L. M., Rongve, A., Rönnevik, D.-H., . . . Boström, A.-M. (2017). Health team for the elderly: a feasibility study for preventive home visits. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 18(3), 242-252
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health team for the elderly: a feasibility study for preventive home visits
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2017 (English)In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 242-252Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to describe the development, utilization and feasibility of a model of preventive home visits, in an urban and a rural municipality in Norway.

BACKGROUND: Older people >65 years will rise significantly in coming years. Increased age is associated with risk of disability, illness and need for public health services. Preventive home visits is assumed to help older people to maintain their functional level longer, delaying disease and thus delaying the need for health care.

METHOD: Descriptive explorative design describing the development, utilization and feasibility of preventive home visits in two different settings. All 77-year-old persons living at home in an urban municipality and all 75 years and older in a rural municipality were invited to participate. A questionnaire including a substantial number of tests concerning; fall, nutrition, polypharmacy and cognitive impairment was used by Health Team Nurses as base for a risk assessment. Pilot studies were conducted to validate the questionnaire including an inter-rater reliability study of the risk assessment tool. A multiprofessional team, Health Team for the Elderly met each week to evaluate risk assessments and make recommendations to be sent to each respective general practitioner. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. In total, 167 persons (109 from the urban municipality and 58 from the rural municipality) participated, corresponding to 60% of the approached individuals. The mean time for the visits was 108 minutes (SD 20). Missing data were identified for; Do you feel safe in your municipality (17.5%) and Are you looking forward to ageing (11.4%). In total, 36 persons (21.7%) were identified with increased risk for developing illness. We suggest that a structured model of preventive home visits and collaboration between highly specialized health care professionals are important factors for reliable health promoting risk assessments of elderly home dwellers.

Keywords
Elderly, Home visits, Risk assessment, Self-evaluation, Team
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5831 (URN)10.1017/S1463423617000019 (DOI)28215200 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-03-08 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2023-11-17Bibliographically approved
Seiger Cronfalk, B. (2017). Massage och beröring: inspiration för äldreomsorgen (Första upplaganed.). Stockholm: Gothia fortbildning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Massage och beröring: inspiration för äldreomsorgen
2017 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Forskning visar att massage och snäll mänsklig beröring har positiva effekter på välbefinnandet hos äldre och svårt sjuka. Beröring har ibland livsavgörande betydelse för hur människor upplever olika situationer. Både den som tar emot och den som ger beröring påverkas positivt.

Det här är en inspirerande bok som ger tankar, reflektioner och kunskaper om hur du kan använda beröring och massage i omvårdnaden av äldre personer. Den innehåller flera fallbeskrivningar och besvarar vanliga frågor.

• Vad är det som händer när en person får massage?

• Spelar det någon roll vem det är som ger massage?

• Kan vem som helst ge massage?

Boken Massage och beröring vänder sig främst till personal inom äldreomsorgen, men är även lämplig för andra yrkesutövare samt anhöriga.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gothia fortbildning, 2017. p. 82 Edition: Första upplagan
Keywords
Massage, Touch, Older people, Older people Medical care, Geriatric nursing, Massage, Beröring, Äldre, Äldrevård
National Category
Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5931 (URN)9789188099792 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2023-01-04Bibliographically approved
Rustad, E. C., Furnes, B., Cronfalk, B. S. & Dysvik, E. (2016). Older patients' experiences during care transition. Patient Preference and Adherence, 10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older patients' experiences during care transition
2016 (English)In: Patient Preference and Adherence, E-ISSN 1177-889X, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: A fragmented health care system leads to an increased demand for continuity of care across health care levels. Research indicates age-related differences during care transition, with the oldest patients having experiences and needs that differ from those of other patients. To meet the older patients' needs and preferences during care transition, professionals must understand their experiences.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to explore how patients ≥80 years of age experienced the care transition from hospital to municipal health care services.

METHODS: The study has a descriptive, explorative design, using semistructured interviews. Fourteen patients aged ≥80 participated in the study. Qualitative content analysis was used to describe the individuals' experiences during care transition.

RESULTS: Two complementary themes emerged during the analysis: "Participation depends on being invited to plan the care transition" and "Managing continuity of care represents a complex and challenging process".

DISCUSSION: Lack of participation, insufficient information, and vague responsibilities among staff during care transition seemed to limit the continuity of care. The patients are the vulnerable part of the care transition process, although they possess important resources, which illustrate the importance of making their voice heard. Older patients are therefore likely to benefit from more intensive support. A tailored, patient-centered follow-up of each patient is suggested to ensure that patient preferences and continuity of care to adhere to the new situation.

Keywords
Care transition, Communication, Continuity of care, Older patients, Participation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5448 (URN)10.2147/PPA.S97570 (DOI)27274204 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
Seiger-Cronfalk, B., Ternestedt, B.-M., Franklin Larsson, L.-L., Henriksen, E., Norberg, A. & Österlind, J. (2015). Utilization of palliative care principles in nursing home care: Educational interventions. Palliative & Supportive Care, 13(6), 1745-1753
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilization of palliative care principles in nursing home care: Educational interventions
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2015 (English)In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 1745-1753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study is part of the overarching PVIS (Palliative Care in Nursing Homes) project aimed at building competence in palliative care for nursing home staff. Our objective was to describe nursing home staff's attitudes to competence-building programs in palliative care.

Method: Three different programs were developed by specialist staff from three local palliative care teams. In all, 852 staff at 37 nursing homes in the greater Stockholm area participated. Staff from 7 nursing homes participated in 11 focus-group discussions. Variation in size between the seven nursing homes initiated purposeful selection of staff to take part in the discussions, and descriptive content analysis was used.

Results: The results suggest that staff reported positive experiences as they gained new knowledge and insight into palliative care. The experiences seemed to be similar independent of the educational program design. Our results also show that staff experienced difficulties in talking about death. Enrolled nurses and care assistants felt that they carried out advanced care without the necessary theoretical and practical knowledge. Further, the results also suggest that lack of support from ward managers and insufficient collaboration and of a common language between different professions caused tension in situations involved in caring for dying people.

Significance of results: Nursing home staff experienced competence-building programs in palliative care as useful. Even so, further competence is needed, as is long-term implementation strategies and development of broader communication skills among all professions working in nursing homes.

Keywords
Palliative care, Nursing home staff, Competence building programmes
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4776 (URN)10.1017/S1478951515000668 (DOI)26072965 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2015-07-08 Created: 2015-07-08 Last updated: 2024-01-22Bibliographically approved
Håkansson, C., Seiger Cronfalk, B., Henriksen, E., Norberg, A., Ternestedt, B.-M. & Sandberg, J. (2014). First-line managers’ views on leadership and palliative care in Swedish nursing homes. Open Nursing Journal, 8, 71-78
Open this publication in new window or tab >>First-line managers’ views on leadership and palliative care in Swedish nursing homes
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2014 (English)In: Open Nursing Journal, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 8, p. 71-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate first-line nursing home managers' views on their leadership and related to that, palliative care. Previous research reveals insufficient palliation, and a number of barriers towards implementation of palliative care in nursing homes. Among those barriers are issues related to leadership quality. First-line managers play a pivotal role, as they influence working conditions and quality of care. Nine first-line managers, from different nursing homes in Sweden participated in the study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed using qualitative descriptive content analysis. In the results, two categories were identified: embracing the role of leader and being a victim of circumstances, illuminating how the first-line managers handle expectations and challenges linked to the leadership role and responsibility for palliative care. The results reveal views corresponding to committed leaders, acting upon demands and expectations, but also to leaders appearing to have resigned from the leadership role, and who express powerlessness with little possibility to influence care. The first line managers reported their own limited knowledge about palliative care to limit their possibilities of taking full leadership responsibility for implementing palliative care principles in their nursing homes. The study stresses that for the provision of high quality palliative care in nursing homes, first-line managers need to be knowledgeable about palliative care, and they need supportive organizations with clear expectations and goals about palliative care. Future action and learning oriented research projects for the implementation of palliative care principles, in which first line managers actively participate, are suggested.

Keywords
end-of-life, first line managers, leadership, older people, palliative care, qualitative analysis
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-3038 (URN)10.2174/1874434601408010071 (DOI)25628769 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding: Financial support was received from the FOU-NU Research and Development Centre, Stockholm and from the Erling Persson Family Foundation.

Available from: 2014-03-17 Created: 2014-03-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2296-2222

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