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Henrekson, E. (2023). Exceptions in the Swedish School System: Exploring the Conditions Facing Secular and Confessional Nonprofit Schools. (Doctoral dissertation). Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exceptions in the Swedish School System: Exploring the Conditions Facing Secular and Confessional Nonprofit Schools
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Swedish school system underwent a series of reforms that opened up the system for independent schools funded through vouchers. Since then, for-profit firms have gained significant traction and constitute a far greater share of the school system compared to nonprofits. This dissertation aims to contribute to a better understanding of the conditions facing secular and confessional nonprofit schools, both during the establishment process and the day-to-day operations. To achieve this aim, I have adopted an institutional approach which in this case implies that I focus both on formal rules and regulations (i.e., legal framework) as well as systems of beliefs, values, and ideas. The articles included in the dissertation analyze four conditions. First, I point to how confessional schools have always been perceived as deviant and as reducing social cohesion. This remains true regardless of whether the value system of the Swedish school system has been said to rest on a secular or a religious foundation. Second, I show how a lack of a philanthropic infrastructure in Sweden makes it harder for nonprofits to initiate new schools. Third, I discuss how due to the marginal presence of independent schools in Sweden before the school choice reform there is a lack of intermediary organizations giving advice to nonprofit schools regarding best practices and representing them at the political level. Fourth, I show how the design of the legal framework of the school system puts high demands on nonprofit schools to conform both to a bureaucratic logic and a market logic. Taken together, the results point to various conditions that contribute to a situation in which secular and confessional nonprofit schools have difficulties asserting themselves in the Swedish school system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Marie Cederschiöld högskola, 2023. p. 126
Series
Avhandlingsserie inom området Människan i välfärdssamhället, ISSN 2003-3699 ; 19
Keywords
Nonprofit schools, Confessional schools, School choice, Sweden, Institutional logics, Public religion, Marketization of welfare, Civil society
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10435 (URN)
Public defence
2023-11-10, Aulan, Campus Ersta, Stigbergsgatan 30, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-10-19 Created: 2023-10-17 Last updated: 2023-10-19
Henrekson, E. & Andersson, F. O. (2023). Facing Newness and Smallness: A Multiple Case Study of Nonprofits Creating Schools. Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs, 9(2), 147-163
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facing Newness and Smallness: A Multiple Case Study of Nonprofits Creating Schools
2023 (English)In: Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs, ISSN 2381-3717, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 147-163Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper utilizes the literature on liability of newness and smallness to examine new nonprofit school venture creation and explore what challenges new school ventures face. We ask the following researchquestions: What challenges and obstacles do new nonprofit school ventures face? How do new nonprofit school ventures manage to maneuver, mitigate, or overcome these challenges and obstacles? To answer these questions, we conducted a comparative case studyof three nonprofit organizations operating schools in Sweden. Our material consisted of semi-structured interviews and archival documents. The article illuminates two salient challenges for new school ventures: the need for legitimacy from a diverse set of stakeholders and the marshalling of sufficient resources. To cope with these challenges, the organizations combined an outward conformist strategy with an inward resource replacement strategy. Moreover, even though all ventures experienced obstacles, thecharacter and magnitude of these obstacles differed depending on their mode of emergence.

Keywords
Nonprofit Schools; Education Entrepreneurship; Liability of Newness; Liability of Smallness; Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10436 (URN)10.20899/jpna.9.2.147-163 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-10-09 Created: 2023-10-09 Last updated: 2023-11-30Bibliographically approved
Henrekson, E. (2023). The continuation of perceived deviance: Independent confessional schools in Sweden 1795–2019. British Journal of Religious Education, 45(4), 313-324
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The continuation of perceived deviance: Independent confessional schools in Sweden 1795–2019
2023 (English)In: British Journal of Religious Education, ISSN 0141-6200, E-ISSN 1740-7931, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 313-324Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion on public religion by describing how independent confessional schools were established in Sweden (1795–2019) and by clarifying and deconstructing the dominant ideals that underpin school policy initiatives concerning religion, education, and independent confessional schools. I seek to answer the question: In what way do independent confessional schools appear problematic in relation to general school policy during the period 1795–2019? Employing both descriptive quantitative analysis using register data on independent confessional schools and critical policy analysis inspired by Bacchi’s WPR-approach (‘What’s the Problem Represented to Be’), this study shows that (1) independent confessional schools are not a new or growing phenomenon in Sweden and (2) throughout this study’s focal period, regardless of whether a religious or secular foundation was ascribed to Sweden’s public school system, independent confessional schools were perceived to deviate from public schools’ principal values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Confessional schools, Public religion, Religious diversity, Sweden
National Category
Business Administration Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9537 (URN)10.1080/01416200.2022.2073967 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-05-16 Created: 2022-05-16 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
Henrekson, E. & Neubeck, T. (2022). Idéburen välfärd i Sverige: En systematisk litteraturstudie. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 29(1), 1-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idéburen välfärd i Sverige: En systematisk litteraturstudie
2022 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study provides an overview of published research on nonprofit welfare provision in Sweden and identifies potential gaps for future research. Taking the growing interest in civil society in general and nonprofit welfare in particular as our starting point, the article seeks to answer a series of questions. What scientific perspectives are utilized in the studies? When were they published? What welfare areas are studied? And ”are” the studies primarily concerned with users of welfare services, professionals, welfare-producing organizations or the welfare of society at large? We ana-lyse 161 published studies identified through a systematic search in three academic databases. The results are summarized using graphs and a narrative synthesis. The results show that research on nonprofit welfare provision has grown steadily since the early 1990s. The existing research is primarily on changing political and societal perceptions regarding what roles civil society orga-nizations should assume in a welfare society in transition and how this relates to international trends. Based on these results, we argue that research is lacking on the actual production of welfare services performed by civil society organizations in Sweden, and its significance for individual users, notably concerning research on nonprofit education and healthcare.

National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9704 (URN)10.3384/svt.2022.29.1.4412 (DOI)
Available from: 2022-08-09 Created: 2022-08-09 Last updated: 2022-08-09Bibliographically approved
Henrekson, E., Andersson, F. O., Wijkström, F. & Ford, M. R. (2020). Civil Society Regimes and School Choice Reforms: Evidence from Sweden and Milwaukee. Nonprofit Policy Forum, 11(1), 1-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civil Society Regimes and School Choice Reforms: Evidence from Sweden and Milwaukee
2020 (English)In: Nonprofit Policy Forum, E-ISSN 2154-3348, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the effects of school choice reforms implemented in the early 1990s in two different settings: Sweden and Milwaukee (WI, U.S.). We show how both the ideological and theoretical arguments for choice reform were similar in the two contexts, yet the consequences in terms of the organizational outcome and institutional sector configuration ended up strikingly dissimilar. While the new group of actors in the Swedish school system consisted primarily of large-scale for-profit schools, with only a minor share of the expansion being catered to by nonprofit actors, the Milwaukee school choice program became dominated by small-scale nonprofit schools operated by religious communities. We seek to explicate these differences by drawing on the welfare state literature and social origins theory, as well as from organizational and historical institutional theory. We argue that the resulting composition of providers is directly related to the deep-seated differences in the civil society regimes operating in the two contexts.

Keywords
Civil society regime, School choice, New public management, Nonprofit schools, Faith-based organizations; Education
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8168 (URN)10.1515/npf-2019-0042 (DOI)000536869800002 ()
Available from: 2020-05-28 Created: 2020-05-28 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Wijkström, F., Henrekson, E., Linde, S., Reuter, M. & Sjöstrand, E. (2020). The Church of Sweden and the Quest to Bounce Back Better. In: Martin Carlsson-Wall; Göran Lindqvist; Sara Rosengren; Andreas Werr; Filip Wijkström (Ed.), Sweden through the crisis: (pp. 1-18). Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Church of Sweden and the Quest to Bounce Back Better
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2020 (English)In: Sweden through the crisis / [ed] Martin Carlsson-Wall; Göran Lindqvist; Sara Rosengren; Andreas Werr; Filip Wijkström, Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research , 2020, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research, 2020
Keywords
Indefinite slack, Organizational learning, Organizational slack, Resilient Society, Society’s resilience
National Category
Business Administration Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8838 (URN)9789186797386 (ISBN)
Available from: 2021-05-17 Created: 2021-05-17 Last updated: 2021-05-17Bibliographically approved
Hvenmark, J. & Henrekson, E. (2018). Vad står på spel?: Om finansiering, folkhälsa och synen på mål och medel i det civila samhället. Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, 95(5), 577-585
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vad står på spel?: Om finansiering, folkhälsa och synen på mål och medel i det civila samhället
2018 (Swedish)In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 95, no 5, p. 577-585Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Ofta hävdas en självklart positiv relation mellan folkhälsa och civilsamhälle. Vi menar att detta inte är givet. Många ideella organisationer har en lång tradition av att tjäna pengar på spel och lotterier, något som historiskt också har uppmuntrats av staten. Sedan slutet av 1980-talet har dock spelandets negativa konsekvenser uppmärksammats allt flitigare. I denna artikel diskuterar vi hur man i de ideella organisationer där spel- och lotteriintäkter har  betydelse hanterar det dilemma som tycks uppstå i och med att spelberoende blivit ett folkhälsoproblem samtidigt som organisationerna ifråga har få eller inga alternativa intäktskällor. Med material från pågående forskning exemplifieras hur denna situation ytterst kan handla om gränsdragningar och hur man väljer att se på relationen mellan mål och medel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2018
Keywords
Ideella organisationer, Finansiering, Spel och lotterier, Folkhälsa, Legitimitet
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7308 (URN)
Available from: 2019-02-13 Created: 2019-02-13 Last updated: 2020-06-03Bibliographically approved
Henrekson, E. & Einarsson, T. (2016). Folkrörelserna, Staten och Internetcasinon: En översikt av den svenska spel- och lotterimarknaden. Stockholm: Stockholm Center for Civil Society Studies, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Folkrörelserna, Staten och Internetcasinon: En översikt av den svenska spel- och lotterimarknaden
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Center for Civil Society Studies, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, 2016. p. 35
National Category
Economics and Business Sociology Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8416 (URN)
Available from: 2020-10-29 Created: 2020-10-29 Last updated: 2023-07-05Bibliographically approved
Henrekson, E. Conflict and consensus in the Swedish parliamentary debates on confessional schools.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conflict and consensus in the Swedish parliamentary debates on confessional schools
(English)In: Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10438 (URN)
Note

Status in dissertation: Manuscript

Available from: 2023-10-10 Created: 2023-10-10 Last updated: 2023-10-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8178-2993

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