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Vulnerability and stressors on the pathway to depression in a global cohort of young athletics (track and field) athletes
Linköpings universitet.
Linköpings universitet.
Linköpings universitet; Lunds universitet.
World Athletics, Monaco; University of Rome, Italy.
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2022 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 7901Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research set out to identify pathways from vulnerability and stressors to depression in a global population of young athletes. Retrospective data were collected at age 18-19 years from Athletics athletes (n = 1322) originating from Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania, and the Americas. We hypothesised that sports-related and non-sports-related stressors in interaction with structural vulnerability instigate depression. Path modelling using Maximum likelihood estimation was employed for the data analysis. Depression caseness and predisposition were determined using the WHO-5 instrument. Thirty-six percent of the athletes (n = 480) returned complete data. Eighteen percent of the athletes reported lifetime physical abuse, while 11% reported sexual abuse. Forty-five percent of the athletes had recently sustained an injury. The prevalence of depression caseness was 5.6%. Pathways to depression caseness were observed from female sex (p = 0.037) and injury history (p = 0.035) and to predisposition for depression also through exposure to a patriarchal society (p = 0.046) and physical abuse (p < 0.001). We conclude that depression in a global population of young athletes was as prevalent as previously reported from general populations, and that universal mental health promotion in youth sports should include provision of equal opportunities for female and male participants, injury prevention, and interventions for abuse prevention and victim support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 12, no 1, article id 7901
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
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URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9551DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-12145-0ISI: 000795163100077PubMedID: 35552502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-9551DiVA, id: diva2:1660885
Available from: 2022-05-25 Created: 2022-05-25 Last updated: 2023-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Svedin, Carl Göran

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