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Jag tror att när man känner sig ensam, det är värre: en kvalitativ intervjustudie om skyddsfaktorer mot ensamhet bland äldre personer
Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Social Sciences.
Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Social Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
I think when you are feeling alone, that is worse : A qualitative study on protective factors against loneliness amongst the elderly (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka skyddsfaktorer mot emotionell ensamhet ur äldres perspektiv. För att besvara vårt syfte har vi genom elva kvalitativa intervjuer med äldre personer i en kommun norr om Stockholm försökt fånga intervjupersonernas subjektiva upplevelse av skyddsfaktorer mot emotionell ensamhet. Intervjupersonerna vi har träffat är mellan 79 år och 98 år, hemmaboende, ensamstående med hemtjänstinsatser. Empirin har bearbetats genom kodning där materialet kategoriseras och nyckelbegrepp identifierades. Utifrån kodningsarbetet gjordes en tematisk analys med stöd av tidigare forskning och en teoretisk referensram. Teorin vi använt oss av är gerotranscendensen som är en gerontologisk teori. I studien har vi identifierat fyra skyddsfaktorer som intervjupersonerna upplever vara ett skydd mot emotionell ensamhet, nära relationer i form av familj, självständighet trots hjälpberoende, acceptans, trygghet och att få bo kvar i sitt eget hem. Sorg och saknad efter en partner är en stor utmaning för den äldre som blir kvar på jordelivet men det uppstår också praktiska utmaningar där man efter ett långt liv tillsammans står ensam kvar med allt ansvar. Vi har också genom våra intervjupersoners utsagor förstått att ensamhet inte alltid behöver vara något negativt, att vara ensam har i vissa fall visat sig vara välkomnat hos flera äldre.  

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study has been to examine protective factors against emotional loneliness from the elderly’s perspective. To accomplish this we have conducted 11 qualitative interviews with the members of the elderly community in a municipality north of Stockholm, with the aim to capture the participants’ subjective experiences in terms of protective factors against emotional loneliness. The subjects, aged between 79 and 98 years old, are single homeowners assisted by home care services. The empirics have been compiled through coding where the material has been categorised and key concepts identified. Through the coding process a thematic analysis was conducted, supported by previous research and a theoretical frame of reference. The theory we have used is the gerotranscendence, which is a gerontological theory. In this study we have identified five protective factors that the subjects consider to be a protection against emotional loneliness; close relationships with family members, independence despite the need of home care, acceptance, security, and remaining a resident in your own home. Grief and the loss of a partner can be a great challenge for the elderly. But there are also practical challenges to encounter when you are left handling all the responsibilities that used to be shared with a spouse. We have also, from the statements of our subjects, come to the conclusion that being alone is not always seen as a negative thing and can sometimes even be embraced by the elderly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 54
Keywords [en]
Social work, Elderly, Old-old, Loneliness, Protective factors, Social relationships, Activities, Acceptance
Keywords [sv]
Socialt arbete, Äldre, Äldre-äldre, Ensamhet, Skyddsfaktorer, Sociala relationer, Aktiviteter, Acceptans
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-9656DiVA, id: diva2:1678890
Educational program
Socionomprogrammet 210 hp
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-06-30 Created: 2022-06-30 Last updated: 2022-06-30Bibliographically approved

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