Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The reasoning behind social work intervention design
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7116-5601
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In social work, the methods for achieving policy goals are often subject to some degree of local and case-by-case autonomy. This autonomy enables the design of interventions to be negotiated between different actors, which are underpinned by diverse logics, interests, and knowledge-bases. This dissertation explores the reasoning behind social work intervention design. The study focused on how involved actors reason when they deliberate on which design to choose inindividual cases, including how different forms of knowledge and local organizational conditions affect the choice of design. The aim was to develop comprehensive knowledge about social work intervention design that is not limited to the influence of a single actor, knowledge form, decision-making model, or specific organizational condition. The study found that professional experiential knowledge and the local availability and range of intervention forms are the most significant factors shaping the design and customization of intervention. Furthermore, the study found that the local range of intervention forms is not based on professional analysis, but rather developed randomly and subject to managerial control. Client experiences can be significant if social workers assess their desires as credible and sustainable, or if clients are highly motivated or have had success in the past with the intended form of intervention. Several other factors of significance exist, but to a lesser degree or in a smaller proportion of the studied municipalities, such as financial constraints, the community interest of laypersons, and research findings. Regarding the use of research-based knowledge, there seems to be a decoupling between management and street-level. Social work managers described research-based knowledge,evidence-based practice, professional experiential knowledge, procurement, and legislation as the most significant factors of treatment deliberation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College , 2020. , p. 193
Series
Avhandlingsserie inom området Människan i välfärdssamhället, ISSN 2003-3699 ; 6
Keywords [en]
Decision-making, problem-solving, discretion, social work
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8289Libris ID: 0czhcg7nxx56xkzrISBN: 978-91-985808-6-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8289DiVA, id: diva2:1458212
Public defence
2020-09-18, Aulan, Campus Ersta, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-08-24 Created: 2020-08-14 Last updated: 2023-09-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Accumulation of Standards for Treatment Decisions in Social Work (1847-2018)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Accumulation of Standards for Treatment Decisions in Social Work (1847-2018)
2020 (English)In: Social work and society, ISSN 1613-8953, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bielefeld: University of Bielefeld, 2020
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8286 (URN)
Available from: 2020-08-14 Created: 2020-08-14 Last updated: 2022-02-07Bibliographically approved
2. Enhetschefers syn på kunskapsformers och ramfaktorers betydelse för insatser inom socialtjänsten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhetschefers syn på kunskapsformers och ramfaktorers betydelse för insatser inom socialtjänsten
2021 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 209-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Det är väl belagt i internationell forskning att en pluralism av olika kunskapsformer och organisatoriska förhållanden påverkar val och utformning av insatser inom socialt arbete. I den svenska kontexten har det visat sig att dessa kunskapsformer och så kallade ramfaktorer kan framstå som svårförenliga eller till och med i konflikt med varandra. Samtidigt saknas det aktuella svenska studier som på en nationell nivå visar vilken utbredning och upplevd betydelse kunskapsformer och ramfaktorer har för kommunernas utbud och val av insatser. I artikeln presenterar vi en nationell studie av enhetschefers syn på olika kunskapsformers och ramfaktorers förekomst och betydelse för utbud och beslut om insatser inom socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg. Artikeln bygger på data från en nationell enkät riktad till enhetschefer för ett urval av Sveriges kommuners barn- och familje- respektive missbruksverksamheter. Resultaten visar att samtliga undersökta kunskapsformer och ramfaktorer påverkar val och utformning av insats, men att vissa former mer framträdande än andra. Främst baseras val och utformning av insats på individuell erfarenhetsbaserad kunskap från yrkeserfarenhet och utbildning, snarare än kollektiv professionell kunskap. Vidare menar enhetscheferna att systematiska kunskapssammanställningar påverkar i högre utsträckning än enskilda kvalitativa och kvantitativa forskningsstudier inom vetenskaplig kunskap. När det gäller ramfaktorer visar studien att insatsens kostnad påverkar i mindre utsträckning än faktorer som tillgänglighet, ramavtal och lagstiftning.

Abstract [en]

Swedish and international research shows that social work intervention design is permeated by a plurality of discretionary actors, knowledge forms, and organizational conditions. Against this background, this paper presents the results of a national questionnaire survey that explored and compared the organizational conditions and knowledge base of intervention design in local public administrations in Sweden. The empirical material of this study was gathered through a questionnaire survey completed by managers in Swedish social services. The sampling method was stratified based on the number of inhabitants in the municipality where the local public administration unit was located. Sweden’s 290 municipalities were divided into four strata. The data were analysed by descriptive statistical methods and correlation analysis (Spearman). The study found social work intervention design to be permeated by a pluralism of knowledge forms and organizational conditions. However, managers described some knowledge forms as more significant than others for the choice and design of interventions: professional experience-based knowledge, research-based knowledge, and evidence-based knowledge were described as the most significant. Client knowledge and layperson knowledge were described as the least significant, while organizational knowledge, such as local follow-ups and evaluations, was described as having a moderate impact on intervention design. When it comes to administrative and organizational conditions, financial restrictions were not reported as a crucial factor for the choice and design of interventions, while legislation and procurement were reported to have a greater impact.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8287 (URN)10.3384/SVT.2021.28.2.4256 (DOI)
Note

Publication status in dissertation: Submitted

Title in dissertation: Nationella imperativa och lokala praktiker: om kunskapsformers och ramfaktorers betydelse för insatser inom socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg

Author order in dissertation: Wollter, F., Segnestam Larsson, O., Karlsson, P., and Oscarsson, L.

Available from: 2020-08-14 Created: 2020-08-14 Last updated: 2023-09-26Bibliographically approved
3. The reasoning and conditions underpinning intervention design: a social worker perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The reasoning and conditions underpinning intervention design: a social worker perspective
2022 (English)In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 763-777Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In social work, the methods for achieving policy goals are often subject to local and case-by-case autonomy. This autonomy enables the design of interventions intended to meet policy goals to be negotiated between multiple actors, which are underpinned by diverse logics and interests and to be influenced by local organizational conditions. This article presents empirical findings from case studies taken from the child welfare departments of three Swedish municipalities, exploring how various patterns of reasoning (social workers’ own reasoning and their experiences of other actors’ reasoning) and local organizational conditions influenced the design of interventions. The study resulted in three findings: First, social workers mainly used collective experiences to formulate common approaches to intervention design proposals. Second, social workers’ intervention proposals were negotiated with various actors, whose focuses and interests differed, before being formalized, with clients mainly focusing on implementation feasibility and intervention needs, managers mainly focusing on procurement contracts and intervention costs, and laypersons mainly focusing on community interests. Third, the local availability and range of interventions constituted a considerable limitation for intervention design, since interventions to address recurrently identified client needs were frequently missing.

Keywords
Discretion, Decision-making, Intervention method
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
The Individual in the Welfare Society, Social Welfare and the Civil Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8288 (URN)10.1080/2156857X.2021.1880469 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1577
Note

Publication status in dissertation: Submitted

Available from: 2020-08-14 Created: 2020-08-14 Last updated: 2023-06-30Bibliographically approved
4. Early Individual Prevention of Chronic Offenders: The Use of Criminological Theories in the Governance of Swedish Police and Social Services
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early Individual Prevention of Chronic Offenders: The Use of Criminological Theories in the Governance of Swedish Police and Social Services
2016 (English)In: Youth Justice, ISSN 1473-2254, E-ISSN 1747-6283, Vol. 6, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A national Swedish project was followed in 12 municipalities aimed at youth aged 15–20 years. Neither police nor social services systematically used the indicators based on criminological research and proposed by national authorities. The police and social services thought they had more contemporary and holistic intuitive knowledge than any systematic indicators could provide. Despite implementation difficulties, the project was described as a success at the political level and widely dispersed. The specific and systematic image of early indicators provided momentum at the policy level. The local authorities welcomed the opportunity to reach a group considered difficult to manage.

Keywords
Social work, Criminology, Chronic offenders, Collaboration, Early prevention, Governance, Lifestyle criminality
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5080 (URN)10.1177/1473225415601906 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-02-19 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2020-08-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Doktorsavhandling(2376 kB)3119 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 2376 kBChecksum SHA-512
a9b1e93718d13fdf97152d95f74c96be7a975d9b30e09bcd39fb355693ef153c6e66cbefe1158a8e6458c53a34bff6ede857033f3b3979dca1e81ac2fe3119e2
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wollter, Filip
By organisation
Department of Social Sciences
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 3184 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 3008 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf