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Identifying female pelvic cancer survivors with low levels of physical activity after radiotherapy: women with fecal and urinary leakage need additional support
Region Östergötland; Linköpings universitet.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Karolinska institutet; Göteborgs universitet.
Göteborgs universitet.
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2020 (English)In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 2669-2681Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of physical activity among female pelvic cancer survivors (i.e., gynecological, rectal, and anal cancer survivors) and to investigate if survivors who practiced physical activity less than once a week differed from survivors practicing physical activity at least once a week with respect to urinary and fecal leakage, clinical and sociodemographic characteristics, quality of life (QoL), and depressed and anxious mood.

METHODS: Female pelvic cancer survivors (n = 578, mean age 64 years) answered a questionnaire 6-48 months after radiotherapy. A multivariable regression model analyzed factors covarying with frequency of physical activity. We compared QoL and depressed and anxious mood between women practicing physical activity at least or less than once a week.

RESULTS: Of 568 women delivering data, 186 (33%) practiced physical activity less than once a week while 382 (67%) practiced physical activity at least weekly. Women who leaked a large or all volume of stools (p = 0.01), had just elementary school level of education (p < 0.001), smokers (p = 0.049), or had lymphedema without receiving lymphedema treatment (p = 0.030) were more likely to practice physical activity less than weekly (50%, 45%, 45%, and 37%, respectively) compared with other women. Women practicing physical activity at least weekly reported better QoL (p < 0.001) and lower frequency of depressed mood (p = 0.044) compared with the others.

CONCLUSIONS: Female cancer survivors experiencing fecal leakage were less likely to practice weekly physical activity than survivors without leakage. The survivors practicing weekly physical activity experienced better QoL and experienced depressed mood less frequently than the others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 28, no 6, p. 2669-2681
Keywords [en]
Colorectal cancer, Fecal leakage, Gynecological cancer, Incontinence, Physical activity, Urinary leakage
National Category
Nursing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8343DOI: 10.1007/s00520-019-05033-3PubMedID: 31641868OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8343DiVA, id: diva2:1477925
Available from: 2020-10-20 Created: 2020-10-20 Last updated: 2020-10-20Bibliographically approved

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Dunberger, Gail

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