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Sjuksköterskors förhållningssätt till komplementär och alternativmedicin: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses views on complementary and alternative medicine : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Komplementär och alternativmedicin (KAM) är ett samlingsbegrepp för tusentals olika metoder och terapier som mestadels eller delvis står utanför den konventionella etablerade vården. De senaste årtiondena har KAM blivit en allt vanligare inslag i människors liv. Vårdpersonal möter KAM i sitt jobb antingen för att man integrerat metoder eller för att de möter patienter som använder KAM. WHO har uppmärksammat betydelsen av KAM som komplement till konventionell vård och menar att KAM bör bli en självklar del inom den etablerade vården.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka sjuksköterskors förhållningssätt till KAM. 

Metod: Metoden är en litteraturöversikt. Artiklar söktes i tre databaser och 14 vetenskapliga originalartiklar valdes ut till resultatet, tio kvantitativa, två kvalitativa och en två med mixad metod. Artiklarna analyserades enligt Forsberg och Wengströms (2015) analys i fem steg. 

Resultat: Resultatet utmynnade i fyra teman som var: KAM som en väg till holistisk vård, KAM som ett viktigt komplement till konventionell vård, Efterfrågan på kunskap och utbildning och Patientsäkerhet och efterfrågan på evidens. 

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskorna upplever KAM som ett komplement till konventionell vård, då det bidrar till en mer holistisk vård. Det finns dock en bristande kunskap hos sjuksköterskor om KAM, som skulle kunna kompletteras med mer utbildning. Efterfrågan på mer evidens framkom också.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Complementary and Alternative medicine (CAM) is a generic term for thousands of methods that for the most part or partly is practiced outside of conventional care. The latest decades CAM has seen an upswing and have become more common in the everyday life of people. Caregivers encounter CAM in their job either because CAM have been integrated or because of that they meet patients that use CAM. WHO has brought up the significance of CAM as a complement to conventional care and claim that CAM should become a given part within the established healthcare. 

Aim: The aim was to examine nurses’ approach to CAM.  

Method: The method is a literary review. Articles was searched in three databases and 14 scientific articles were selected, ten of quantitative design, two of qualitative design and two with a mixed methods design. The articles were analyzed according to Forsberg and Wengströms (2015) analysis in five steps.

Results: The results were summarized in four themes that was: CAM as a way to holistic healthcare, CAM as an important complement to conventional healthcare, A demand for knowledge and education and Patient safety and a demand for more evidence. 

Conclusion: The nurses perceive CAM as a complement to conventional care, as it contributes to a holistic healthcare. However, there is a lack of knowledge of among nurses about CAM that could be supplemented with more training. There is a need for more evidence and research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Holistic care, Person centered care, CAM, Complementary medicine, Nurses
Keywords [sv]
Holistisk vård, Personcentrerad vård, KAM, Komplementär medicin, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-9505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-9505DiVA, id: diva2:1654564
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-04-28 Created: 2022-04-27 Last updated: 2022-04-28Bibliographically approved

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