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Fler- eller enkelbäddssalar i vården?: En litteraturöversikt av patienters upplevelser
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Shared hospital rooms or single hospital rooms in care? : A literature review of patients’ experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den svenska befolkningen ökar vilket resulterar i en ökad press på vården. Som patient ska man vara centrum för allt vårdande. Sjuksköterskan har ett ansvar för att lindra lidande och hjälpa patienten att uppleva hälsa och välbefinnande. Vårdmiljön har ett stort inflytande på patientens tillfrisknande. Därför är det viktigt att veta hur patienterna upplever vårdmiljön i de olika salarna för att på bästa sätt kunna gynna deras hälsa.

Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelser av vårdmiljön i fler- respektive enkelbäddssalar.

Metod: Detta examensarbete är en litteraturöversikt grundad på tolv vårdvetenskapliga originalartiklar. Artiklarna hämtades från databaserna CINAHLComplete samt PubMed. Efter inhämtning av artiklar analyserades dessa efter Fribergs metod om litteraturöversikter.

Resultat: Resultatet i denna översikt sammanställdes i sex kategorier, och dessa var: Upplevelsen av en gemenskap, Aktiviteter och tidsfördriv, Stöd av andra patienter, Integritet i förhållande till andra patienter, Sömnen påverkas och Upplevelsen av trygghet. Upplevelserna hos patienterna av att vårdas i flerbädds- och enkelbäddssalar varierade. En del patienter föredrog flerbäddssalar där möjligheten till gemenskap fanns, medan andra föredrog enkelbäddssalar då integriteten kunde tillgodoses.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades i relation till SAUK-modellen och andra studier.

Abstract [en]

Background: The Swedish population is increasing. This results in an increasing demand on the healthcare. The patient is the center of caring and the concept of being a patient implies suffering or being perseverant in suffering. The nurses have several areas of main responsibilities to attend to the patients in the best possible ways. The healthcare environment have a great impact on the patient's ability to recover from their illness. It is therefore important to know how the patients experience the healthcare environment in the hospital rooms.

Aim: To describe patients experiences of the healthcare environment in single and multiple hospital rooms.

Method: This essay is a literature review based on twelve original articles. The articles were collected by the use of the databases CINAHL Complete and Pubmed. The articles were analysed using Fribergs method of literature reviews.

Results: The results were divided into six categories: The experience of a companionship, Activities and sparetime, Support from other patients, Integrity in relation to other patients, The effect on sleep and The experience of safety. The patients’ experiences of being cared for in a single or multiple hospital room varied. Some patients preferred multiple hospital rooms where they could socialize with other patients while others preferred single hospital rooms because of the need for privacy.

Discussion: The results were discussed in the light of the model SAUK and other studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Healthcare environment, Multiple hospital rooms, Single hospital rooms, SAUK-model, Patients experiences
Keyword [sv]
Vårdmiljö, Flerbäddssalar, Enkelbäddssalar, SAUK-modellen, Patienters upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5610DiVA: diva2:1051745
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-05 Created: 2016-12-02 Last updated: 2016-12-05Bibliographically approved

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