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Caregivers' Reactions to the Physical Appearance of a Person in the Final Stage of Dementia as Measured by Semantic Differentials
University of Tromsø, Norway.
Umeå universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5994-4012
1993 (English)In: The International Journal of Aging & Human Development, ISSN 0091-4150, E-ISSN 1541-3535, Vol. 37, no 3, 205-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The semantic differential (SeD) technique was applied to 158 caregivers from a nursing home in the northern part of Sweden. The questionnaire contained fifty-eight bipolar scales of adjective pairs and the interviewees indicated then-reactions to a described picture of a severely demented person: A factor analysis revealed three dimensions; an ethical one, an esthetical one, and one about the person's own feelings. The fifty-eight scales were mostly rated toward the negative poles. The severely demented person was rated as painful, apathetic, suffering, weak, afraid, sad, cold, dark, rough, and ugly.

Four years later a comparable group of caregivers (n = 93) answered a revised questionnaire containing the 26 SeD scales with factor loadings > .50 for the picture of the severely demented person. The result was nearly identical and alternative interpretations are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 37, no 3, 205-215 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5584DOI: 10.2190/C1EG-P9M4-V5PH-QV8NPubMedID: 8244564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5584DiVA: diva2:1055570
Available from: 2010-02-05 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Asplund, KennethNorberg, Astrid
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