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Facial Expressions of Patients With Dementia: A Comparison of Two Methods of Interpretation
University of Tromsø, Norway.
Umeå universitet.
Umeå universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5994-4012
1995 (English)In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 7, no 4, 527-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two methods of interpreting the videotaped facial expressions of four patients with severe dementia of the Alzheimer type were compared. Interpretations of facial expressions performed by means of unstructured naturalistic judgements revealed episodes when the four patients exhibited anger, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise. When these episodes were assessed by use of modified version of the Facial Action Coding System, there was, in total, 48% agreement between the two methods. The highest agreement, 98%, occurred for happiness shown by one patient. It was concluded that more emotions could be judged by means of the unstructured naturalistic method, which is based on an awareness of the total situation that facilitates imputing meaning into the patients' cues. It is a difficult task to find a balance between imputing too much meaning into the severely demented patients' sparse and unclear cues and ignoring the possibility that there is some meaning to be interpreted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 7, no 4, 527-534 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5580DOI: 10.1017/S1041610295002262PubMedID: 8833276OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5580DiVA: diva2:1055572
Available from: 2010-02-12 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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