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Patienters upplevelser av det dagliga livet efter stroke: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences of everyday life after stroke : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stroke är en av de vanligaste folksjukdomarna som kan drabba unga och äldre och är en av de vanligaste dödsorsakerna i Sverige. Varje år insjuknar ca 30 000 svenskar i stroke varav ungefär 8 000 avlider. Att drabbas av stroke innebär också ofta rollförändringar när det gäller roller i hemmet, på arbetet också vidare. Detta i sin tur ställer höga krav på samhället och närstående. Vård av personer med stroke har stor tonvikt på omvårdnad, som ska grunda sig på vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet, samt finna omvårdnadsinsatser som är anpassade efter patientens behov.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av det dagliga livet efter stroke.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt är baserad på tio vetenskapliga artiklar varav nio var kvalitativa medan en hade mixad metod. Vid datainsamlingen användes databaserna CINHAL complete, Medline och Pubmed. Sökningen begränsades med Peer reviewed, abstract och full text samt en avgränsning mellan år 2004 till 2016

Resultat: Fem teman och två sub-teman identifierades: 1. Upplevelser av den förändrade kroppen, 2. Upplevelser av hinder i praktiska aktiviteter, 3. Upplevelser av förändringar i det sociala livet med två sub-teman: Social interaktion och Hinder som begränsar deltagandet i sociala aktiviteter, 4. Självuppfattning och emotionella upplevelser samt 5. Upplevelser i nära relationer. 

Diskussion: Metodens styrkor och svagheter diskuteras. Resultatet diskuterades utifrån Roys adaptionsmodellens fyra adaptiva funktionsområden: fysiologiska funktioner, självuppfattning, rollfunktioner samt relationer och samhörigheter samt konsensus begreppet människa och andra studier.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stroke is one of the most common diseases that can affect both young and older people. This disease is one of the most common causes of death in Sweden.  Every year almost 30 000 of the population becomes diagnosed with stroke of which 8000 die as a result. When a person is affected by stroke, different stages in life changes such as the role the individual has or bares at home, at work, at school and many more. This disease can sometimes create a higher demand on the society, family members and even the people in your surroundings. The role of a healthcare professional in caring for people with stroke is to have emphasis on care which must be based on scientific and proven experience and have a nursing intervention that is suitable for the patient’s needs.

 Aim: To describe patients’ experiences of everyday life after stroke

Method: Literature review was based on ten scientific articles of which nine have qualitative design and one uses mixed method design. Data were collected through the databases CINAHL complete, Medline and Pubmed. The searching of data was limited with peer reviewed, abstract, full text and a limitation between the year of 2004 and 2016.

Results: Five main themes and two sub-themes were identified: 1. Experience of changed body, 2. Experiences of barriers in practical activities, 3. Experiences of changes in the social life with two sub- themes: Social interaction and Barriers limiting participation in social activities, 4. self- concept and emotional experiences and 5. Experience in close relationships.

Discussion: The methods strength and weakness were discussed. The results were discussed based on Roy adaptations model’s four adaptive modes (physiological needs, self-concept, role function and interdependence) and consensus concept of person and other studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Stroke patients, Experiences, Everyday activity, Care, Change of life
Keyword [sv]
Strokepatienter, Upplevelser, Dagliga aktiviteter, Omvårdnad, Livsförändring
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5689DiVA: diva2:1064644
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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