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Musikens påverkan på personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The impact of music on people suffering from dementia : A litterature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I Sverige lever idag 160 000 personer med en demensdiagnos. Demens kan ge många olika fysiska och beteendemässiga symtom. Forskning har visat att musik är något som kan trösta och lugna en person. Långtidsmusikminnet har visat sig finnas kvar hos personer med demenssjukdom.

Syfte: Att undersöka hur personer med demensdiagnos påverkas av musik.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt enligt Fribergs metod där resultatet baserats på elva vetenskapliga artiklar; fem kvalitativa och sex kvantitativa originalartiklar. Databaserna Cinahl och PubMed användes med söktermer som dementia, music, nursing och singing.

Resultat: Musik vid måltider kan minska agiterade beteenden. Musik vid morgonomvårdnad kan förbättra kommunikationen mellan vårdpersonalen och personen med demens samt att förståelsen för de dagliga aktiviteterna ökar. Att individuellt lyssna på musik kan minska agitation samt öka kommunikationen med personen med demenssjukdom.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades utifrån konsensusbegreppet vårdande, där fokus för diskussionen främst kretsade kring hur musiken kan användas som en omvårdnadsåtgärd.

Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden 160 000 people live with a dementia diagnosis today. Dementia can give several behavioral and psychological symptoms. Research has shown that music can comfort and calm a person. Long term music memory has shown to be intact in people with dementia.

Aim: To study the impact of music on people suffering from dementia.  

Method: A literature review according to Friberg's method where the result is based on eleven scientific articles; five qualitative and six quantitative original articles. Databases used were Cinahl and PubMed with the search terms dementia, music, nursing and singing.

Results: Music at mealtime can decrease agitated behavior. Music during morning care sessions can increase the communication between caregiver and people suffering from dementia and also increase the understanding of the everyday activities. Individually listening to music can decrease agitation and increase communication with the person suffering from dementia.

Discussion: The results are discussed in relation to the consensus concept caring, where the focus for the discussion was how music can be used as a nursing intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Dementia, Music, Nursing Care, Agitation
Keyword [sv]
Demens, Musik, Omvårdnad, Agitation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5727OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5727DiVA: diva2:1068000
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-24 Created: 2017-01-24 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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