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Hur patienter med psykisk ohälsa upplever den somatiska vården: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How patients with mental illness experience the somatic care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa blir globalt allt vanligare. Förutom de besvär som tillståndet för med sig tvingas de drabbade även utstå diskriminering, stigma och negativa attityder från omgivningen. Många med en psykiatrisk diagnos upplever därför ett bristfälligt bemötande även från sjukvården. Samsjuklighet och en sämre fysisk hälsa är dessutom vanligare hos denna patientgrupp. 

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt är att undersöka hur patienter med psykisk ohälsa upplever den somatiska vården.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt där tolv vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ och kvantitativ design hämtades från databaserna CINAHL Complete och PsykINFO. Artiklarna analyserades sedan enligt Friberg (2012).                 

Resultat: Tre huvudteman identifierades; Negativa upplevelser, miljöns betydelse samt positiva upplevelser. Under temat negativa upplevelser bildades även tre underteman: Upplevelse av diskriminering, att inte bli tagen på allvar och upplevelse av hinder.

Diskussion: Travelbee’s omvårdnadsteori om den mellanmänskliga relationen använts som teoretisk referensram och resultatet diskuteras utifrån hennes teori. Kunskap och hur denna bör användas diskuteras med fokus på kommunikationen, samt hur färdigheter inom detta kan påverka stigma. Betydelsen av kontinuitet och miljö tas även upp.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is becoming globally more common. In addition to the inconveniences that the illness brings with it, the affected are also forced to deal with discrimination, stigma and negative attitudes from their surroundings. Many people with a psychiatric diagnosis therefore experience inadequate healthcare treatment. In addition co-morbidity and poorer physical health are also more common in this population.

Aim: Examine how patients with mental illness experience somatic care.

Method: A literature review was conducted consisting of both qualitative and quantitative research designs, which were derived from the databases CINAHL complete and PsykINFO . The journal articles where analysed using Friberg’s (2012) method and where then color-coded to get an overview.

Results: Three main themes were identified: negative experiences, importance of the environment and as well positive experiences. Three sub-themes were also created under negative experiences; Perception of discrimination, not being taken seriously and perceived obstacles.

Discussion: Travelbee’s interpersonal relationships nursing theory is used as the theoretical framework with the results discussed based on the theory. Knowledge and how it should be used is discussed with focus on communication, and how communication skills can influence stigma. The importance of continuity and the environment will also be discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Mental illness, Patient experience, Treatment, Stigma, Discrimination, Somatic care
Keyword [sv]
Psykisk ohälsa, Patientupplevelse, Bemötande, Stigma, Diskriminering, Somatisk vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5744DiVA: diva2:1069690
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-30 Created: 2017-01-30Bibliographically approved

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