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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av möten med anhöriga på psykiatriska intensivvårdsavdelningar: En intervjustudie
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses experiences from meeting relatives in psychiatric intensive care units : An interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Att vara anhöriga till en person med psykisk sjukdom medför ofta en egen försämrad psykisk hälsa samt kan vara både tidskrävande och kostsamt. Känslor av skuld och skam samt stigmatisering från omvärlden är vanligt förekommande. Anhöriga önskar delaktighet i vården men exkluderas ofta. Det finns nationella riktlinjer och lagar som betonar vikten av anhörigas delaktighet, trots detta upplevs anhöriga ofta påträngande. De finns lite kunskap om anhörigas kontakt med psykiatriska intensivvårdsavdelningar.

Syfte:Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av möten med anhöriga på psykiatriska intensivvårdsavdelningar

Metod:Studien har en kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats. Sju sjuksköterskor på psykiatriska intensivvårdsavdelningar i Sverige intervjuades enligt semistrukturerade metod. Materialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat:Resultatet från intervjuerna utmynnade i fyra kategorier: Organisatoriska förutsättningar för att möta anhöriga, Olika syn på anhöriga, Utmaningar i mötet med anhöriga samt Att möta och kommunicera med anhöriga.

Diskussion:Resultatet i studien diskuteras i relation till tidigare forskning och Andersheds teori om Delaktighet i Ljuset – Delaktighet i mörkret. I resultatet framkom aspekter som kan tänkas leda till både delaktighet i ljuset och i mörkret.

Abstract [en]

Background: Being a relative to someone with mental disorder often causes a decreased mental health and can be both time-consuming and costly. Feelings of guilt and shame and stigmatization from the surroundings are common. Relatives’ wishes to participate in care but often get excluded. National guidelines and laws emphasize the importance of relatives’ participation; despite this relatives' often get perceived as intrusive. Little is known about relatives contact with psychiatric intensive care units.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences from meeting relatives at psychiatric intensive care units.

Method: This study has a qualitative design with an inductive approach. Seven nurses at psychiatric intensive care units in Sweden were interviewed with semistructured method. The material was analyzed using a qualitative content analysis.

Results: The result from the interviews developed into four categories: Organizational requirements to meet relatives, Different views on relatives, Challenges in the meeting with relatives, and To meet and communicate with relatives.

Discussions: The result is being discussed in relation to previous research and Andershed's theory of Involvement in the light – Involvement in the dark. In the result aspects emerged that can lead to both participation in the light and in the darkness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), Relatives, Nurses
Keyword [sv]
Psykiatrisk intensivvårdsavdelning (PIVA), Anhöriga, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5758OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5758DiVA: diva2:1070283
Educational program
Postgraduate Diploma in Specialist Nursing - Mental Health Care 60 ECTS
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-01 Created: 2017-02-01 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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