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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av patienter med substansmissbruksproblematik: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ experience of patients with substance abuse : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Substansmissbruk har en negativ inverkan på kroppen och är en bidragande faktor till några av världens alla sjukdomsfall. Drogtillgängligheten har ökat och visar på en uppåtgående trend. Patienter med substansmissbruk som söker vård upplever att deras behov inte tas på allvar. Sjuksköterskornas uppgift i detta är att skapa en så god och effektiv vård som möjligt, där patienterna känner sig delaktiga och respekterade.

Syfte: Att undersöka sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda personer med substansproblematik.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten bestod av tio vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databaserna Cinahl Complete och PubMed. Samtliga artiklar berörde sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med substansmissbruk. Resultatet har framställt utifrån likheter och skillnader mellan artiklarna.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor från olika avdelningar hade olika erfarenheter av att ge vård till patienter med missbruksproblematik. Oavsett avdelning hade ingen av sjuksköterskorna någon specifik utbildning inriktad på ämnet missbruk och beroende. Däremot hade sjuksköterskor som arbetade inom psykiatrin, avgiftningscenter samt alkohol- och drogavdelningar mer erfarenhet av att bemöta dessa patienter.

Diskussion: Diskussionen har utgått ifrån Parses teori Humanbecoming. Den berörde med hjälp av teorin sjuksköterskornas olika erfarenheter och hur vården formas utefter detta. Den avslutades med vilken inverkan utbildningen och vårdmiljön har på vården för patienter med substansmissbruk och beroende.

Abstract [en]

Background: Substance abuse has a negative impact on the body and is contributing to some of the world's diseases. The drug availability has increased, showing an upward trend. Patients with substance abuse who seek care feel that their needs are not taken seriously. The nurse’s role in this is to create a care that is as good and efficient as possible, where patients feel involved and respected.

Aim: To investigate nurses' experiences of caring for people with substance use problems.

Method: The literature review consisted of ten scientific articles taken from the databases Cinahl Complete and PubMed. All articles were based on nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with substance abuse. The result was constructed on the similarities and differences between the articles.

Results: The results showed that nurses from various departments had different experiences of providing care to patients with substance abuse problems. Nurses working on different kind of departments did not have any specific training focused on substance abuse. In contrast, nurses who worked in psychiatry, detoxification centers, and alcohol and drug departments, had more experience of dealing with patients suffering from this sort of disease.

Discussion: The discussion has been based on Parse's theory Humanbecoming. With help of the theory the discussion included the nurses’ different experiences and how healthcare is formed along this. It concluded with the impact education and healthcare environment has on the care for patients with substance abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Literature review, Nurses’ experience, Substance abuse, Caring, Treatment
Keyword [sv]
Litteraturöversikt, Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet, Substansmissbruk, Vårdande, Bemötande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5813DiVA: diva2:1077512
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-28 Created: 2017-02-27 Last updated: 2017-02-28Bibliographically approved

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