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Polisanmälningar i grundskolan
Linnéuniversitetet.
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Police-Reported School Violence in Sweden (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about police reports concerning school violence in Sweden involving children below the age of criminal responsibility. Police reports about incidents caused by pupils in Swedish compulsory schools have increased since at least the 1980s. In research on violent, threatening and insulting acts among children in schools, incidence and causes are often studied in terms of bullying and degrading treatment. Criminological studies on children's violent acts, in schools, is mainly based on information on children aged 15 and over. Research on why police reports are filed about younger children in compulsory schools is limited. The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyse school-related police reports, in relation to children’s unwanted actions in compulsory schools with the goal of understanding the intentionality in every day practice. The empirical material consists of four studies of which three have been conducted using qualitative methods through analysing legal documents, using content analysis of texts in school-related police reports and interviews with Principals. The fourth study has been carried out with statistical analysis of school-related police reports. The results of the studies are presented in four papers. This thesis takes the approach from modern sociology which is used both as perspectives and theory. The perspectives concern modernity, social control and cultural sensitivity. The theoretical framework is based on theory of systems and lifeworld. The concluding analysis shows local differences in the assessments on which action will be reported to the police. It is mainly Principals who make reports to the police but also parents. Principals’ police reports are based on social commitment and early intervention and parents report concern about repeated school bullying of their children. Despite diverse local practices certain patterns appear. Boys in the 13-14 years age group are the ones most often seen as perpetrators in the police reports. Two particularly prominent patterns become visible at the school level. Most police reports are related to schools with low grades and to so-called resource schools. This indicates that the unwanted actions of disadvantaged children are more often reported to the police than the actions of other children. The filing of police reports can be understood as a result of difficulties among adults to reach common understanding on how children’s problems should be handled in school systems everyday practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017. , 171 p.
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 280/2017
Keyword [en]
Children, Police-report, Compulsory school, Modernity, Social systems, Cultural sensitivity, Pedagogical tool, Social work
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5881Libris ID: 20167593ISBN: 9789188357656 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5881DiVA: diva2:1085225
Public defence
2017-04-07, Weber, Hus K, Växjö, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2017-03-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Use of School Related Police Reports Involving Minors in Sweden: In Accordance with the Best Interests of the Child?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Use of School Related Police Reports Involving Minors in Sweden: In Accordance with the Best Interests of the Child?
2013 (English)In: International Family Law, Policy and Practice, ISSN 2055-6802, Vol. 1, no 1, 113-120 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Centre for Family Law, Policy and Practice, 2013
Keyword
Police reports, Sweden, Compulsory School
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2927 (URN)
Conference
Child law conference, University of Tromsø, 21st - 25th January 2013
Note

Presented as: Children´s welfare and best interests in Swedish compulsory schools.

At the Child law conference, University of Tromsø, 21st - 25th January 2013

Available from: 2014-03-07 Created: 2014-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-28Bibliographically approved
2. Mobbning, kränkning eller brott?: Konstruktioner och hantering av barns oönskade handlingar i den svenska grundskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobbning, kränkning eller brott?: Konstruktioner och hantering av barns oönskade handlingar i den svenska grundskolan
2016 (Swedish)In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 39, no 152, 59-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Skolrelaterade polisanmälningar avseende barn under 15 år som misstänks för misshandel, olaga hot, ofredanden och förolämpningar har ökat i svenska grundskolor. Vid sådana handlingar finns flera anmälningsförfaranden som kan aktualiseras. Grundregeln är att ansvaret för att åtgärda och/eller kompensera för sådana handlingar läggs på vuxna. Polisanmälningar utgör ett undantag eftersom barnets eget ansvar då står i fokus. Brottsmisstänkta barn är i första hand ett ansvar för socialtjänsten och inte för rättsväsendet. Inom barndomsforskning ses barn sedan 1980-talet som sociala och kompetenta aktörer med egna rättigheter. I individualiserat samhälle anses den utvecklingen kunna riskera att avkräva barn skyldigheter i samma omfattning som rättigheter. Författaren analyserar skolrelaterade polisanmälningar avseende barn 7-14 år för åren 2000-2010. Resultatet visar att anmälningarna används som ett medel för att disciplinera barn och för att kommunicera mellan de sociala systemen skola – familj – socialtjänst. Bruket av polisanmälningarna riskerar att försena möjligheten för socialtjänsten att fullgöra sitt ansvar.

Keyword
Barn, Anmälningsförfarande, Anmälningsförfaranden, Polisanmälan, Svensk grundskola, Våld, Mobbning
National Category
Law and Society Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4282 (URN)
Note

Nr. 1/2016. Nr. 152 sedan starten.

Available from: 2015-01-19 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved
3. Fostran till rättskänsla?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fostran till rättskänsla?
2016 (Swedish)In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 2, 151-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Education to achieve a sense of justice?

Unwanted actions in Swedish compulsory schools, such as violent and threatening behaviour, occur among children, and school-related reports to the police concerning children under the age of criminal responsibility have increased. There are no specific regulations stating that the police must be contacted when a child hits or threatens other children in school. However, school staff are obliged to report concerns about children’s well-being to social services. In Swedish compulsory schools, it is usually the school principal who decides whether an incident should be reported to the police. In this article seventeen interviews with principals about their attitudes to school-related reports to the police are analysed, focusing on children aged 7–14 who subject other children to violent and threatening acts in school. If children under the age of 15 are alleged to have committed crimes, they are diverted from the justice system to the welfare system, i.e. the social services. In most cases a report to the police of a child under 15 suspected of crime leads to a referral by the police to the social services with concern for a child at risk. Results demonstrate that principals differ considerably in assessing which acts are to be regarded as suspected crimes and at what minimum age a report should be made to the police. This suggests that the same unwanted action can be met with completely different reactions from the adult world in different schools. Some principals said that they report incidents among minors to highlight their concern about the welfare of the suspected child, having previously repeatedly expressed concerns to social services and sometimes to parents, without seeing any measures taken to prevent the child from continuing to commit unwanted actions in school.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5769 (URN)
Available from: 2017-02-08 Created: 2017-02-08 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved

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