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Patienters upplevelser av isolering vid smittorisk: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients' perception of isolation due to risk of contamination : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Isolering innebär att en patient som är smittbärare eller har en smittsam sjukdom tas om hand på ett sådant sätt att andra skyddas från att bli smittade. I hälso- och sjukvårdslagen beskrivs målet för hälso- och sjukvården som vård på lika villkor för hela befolkningen och en god hälsa. Studier poängterar vikten av patienters livskvalitet och hur isolering kan innebära en risk för försämring av denna. Det finns en okunskap hos sjukvårdspersonalen när det gäller smittspridning vilket skapar en utsatthet för patienter som blivit smittade.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten är att belysa patientens upplevelse av isolering vid smittorisk. 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2012) utfördes. Tio artiklar användes i resultatet, vilka hittades i CINAHL Complete, PubMed, PsycINFO samt Nursing & Allied Health database.

Resultat: Litteraturöversiktens resultat visade tre huvudteman vilka var negativa upplevelser av isolering, upplevelser av att vara smittsam och positiva upplevelser av isolering. Negativa upplevelser av isolering var mer framträdande än positiva. Patienterna upplevde negativa upplevelser som ensamhet, tristess och frustration. Upplevelsen av att vara isolerad kunde vara stigmatiserande och gav en oro och rädsla hos patienter. Isolering kan även upplevas positivt då rummet kan vara en plats för avslappning och utrymme till att få vara privat.

Diskussion: Sister Callista Roys adaptionsmodell användes i resultatdiskussionen där patienternas förmåga att anpassa sig till isoleringen diskuterades. Författarna diskuterar personalens roll i denna adaption samt vad som ger upphov till att ensamhet upplevs positivt eller negativt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Isolation is the practice whereby a patient who carries an infection or a contagious disease is taken care of in such a manner that other individuals are protected from likewise becoming infected. The aim of healthcare law is to provide both equal care and good health for the entire population. Research that has focused on the importance of the patient's quality of life has also shown how isolation runs the risk of undermining or diminishing such quality of life. Moreover, patients who become infected are more vulnerable due to the lack of knowledge among some medical staff concerning how infections are spread.

Aim: The aim of the literature review is to highlight how the contagious patient experiences isolation.

Method: A literature review was carrid out in accordanse with Friberg (2012). Ten articles, accessed in th databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed, PsycINFO and Nursing and Allied Health, were identified for the results.

Results: The literature review showed three main themes that were negative experiences of isolation, experiences of being contagious and positive experiences of isolation. Negative experiences of isolation were more prominent than positive. Patients experienced negative feelings like loneliness, sadness and frustration. The experience of being isolated could be stigmatizing and gave patients anxiety and fear. Isolation can also be perceived as positive when the room can be a place for relaxation and privacy.

Discussion: Sister Callista Roys adaptation model was used in the discussion where patients' ability to adapt to the isolation was discussed. The authors discuss the role of the staff in this adaptation as well as what causes loneliness to be perceived as positive or negative.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Isolation, Infection, Attitudes, Psychological effects, Callista Roy
Keyword [sv]
Isolering, Infektion, Attityder, Psykologisk påverkan, Callista Roy
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5955OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5955DiVA: diva2:1104757
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-06-02Bibliographically approved

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