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Ungdomars upplevelse av delaktighet i familjebehandling
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, St Lukas Educational Institute.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Adolescents experiences of participation in family therapy (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Barn som deltar i Familjebehandling inom socialtjänsten i Sverige har rätt till relevant information, rätt att komma till tals och rätt att vara med och påverka. Dessa aspekter på barns rätt till delaktighet gäller utifrån FN:s barnkonvention men även utifrån socialtjänstlagen och BBIC.

Frågeställningar: Vad tänker ungdomar som deltagit i familjebehandling om delaktighet? Vad tänker de är viktigt för att göra ungdomar delaktiga i familjebehandling? Hade man kunnat göra något mer eller annorlunda för att öka deras upplevelse av delaktighet?

Metod: Eftersom syftet var att undersöka ungdomars subjektiva upplevelse av delaktighet gjordes en kvalitativ studie med halvstrukturerade intervjuer där fem ungdomar som deltagit i insatsen familjebehandling intervjuades.

Resultat: Resultatet visar att intervjupersonerna upplevt sig delaktiga i hög grad och kopplar detta till en rad faktorer kopplade till hur familjebehandlarna samarbetade med dem, som de inte bara tänkte var viktigt för dem utan för ungdomar generellt. Det som de lyfte som viktigt var att få välja om och vad de deltog i, att få komma till tals enskilt i ett tidigt skede, att få aktiv hjälp att komma till tals i de gemensamma familjesamtalen med föräldrarna, att få vara med och formulera mål, att vara med och bestämma insatsens utformning samt att familjebehandlaren var ”rätt person” för just dem.

Diskussion: En röd tråd i intervjupersonernas berättelser är hur viktigt det varit att inte bara bli medbjuden utan att var en jämbördig samarbetspartner med samma värde och rätt som föräldrar men som ibland behöver mer hjälp för att komma till tals eller få vara med och bestämma.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Children who participate in family therapy in social services in Sweden have the right to relevant information, the right to be heard and the right to have influence. These aspects of children's right is based on UN Convention but also from the Social Services Act and the BBIC.

Research questions: What does adolescents who participated in family therapy think about their participation? What do they think is important to make adolescents participate in family therapy? Had it been possible to do something more or differently to increase their experience of influence?

Method: Since the purpose was to investigate adolescents' subjective experience of participation the method of choice was a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews in which five young people who participated in family therapy was interviewed.

Result: The results show that the respondents felt that they were involved in a high degree, and link this to a number of factors that they also believe is important for adolescents in general. What they raised as important was to get to choose to participate and what they took part in, to be heard individually in the early stages, to get active help to be heard in the joined family sessions with parents, to be involved and formulate goals, to be involved in decisions about the method and that the therapist to be "right person" for them.

Discussion: A common theme in the interviewees' stories is how important it was to not only be invited to participate but also to be enlaced as equal partners of equal value and influence of parents but who sometimes need more help to be heard.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Family treatment, Family therapy, Influence, Participation, Experience, Social service, Adolescents, Teenagers
Keyword [sv]
Familjebehandling, Familjeterapi, Delaktighet, Upplevelse, Socialtjänst, Tonåringar, Ungdomar
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5961OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5961DiVA: diva2:1105521
Educational program
Psykoterapeutprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-04 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

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