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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av samtal med patienter i palliativ vård: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses' perceptions of conversations with patients in palliativecare : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I svåra situationer där livet ställs på sin spets är det vanligt att svåra frågor och känslor väcks. Detta ställer krav på de som vårdar dessa patienter och kunskap om kommunikation i palliativ vård krävs. Just på grund av detta måste sjuksköterskor axla ett stort ansvar, inte bara för den patient de vårdar, utan också för hela sammanhanget patienten befinner sig i. Därför blir kommunikationen mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter en viktig del av vården.

Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av samtal med patienter i palliativ vård.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts med nio vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från databasen CINAHL complete och PubMed. De sökord som används är: Hospice and palliative nursing, terminal care, conversations, nurses experience och communication.

Resultat: Det resultat som framkom delades upp och strukturerades under olika rubriker, dessa var: Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av samtal i palliativ vård och faktorer som påverkar samtal i palliativ vård. Vidare skapades flera underrubriker. Här framkom att sjuksköterskor upplevde samtal i livets slut som svårt och var något som krävde träning och erfarenhet för att klara av på bästa sätt.

Diskussion: I diskussionen tas vikten av kommunikation upp och även sjuksköterskors ansvar i den typen av vård i förhållande till patientens behov av samtal. Vidare diskuterades det utifrån ytterligare litteratur som stärkte resultatet.

Abstract [en]

Background: In difficult situations where life comes to a head, it is common that difficult issues and feelings are raised. This also raises the demands on those who care for these patients and knowledge of communication in palliative care is required. Because of this, nurses take on a great responsibility, not only for the patients they care for, but also the entire context patient is in. Therefore, the communication between nurses and patients an important part of health care.

Aim: To highlight nurses’ experiences of conversations with patients in palliative care.

Method: A literature review has been constructed by eight scientific articles from CINAHL complete and PubMed. The keywords used are: hospice and palliative nursing, terminal care, conversations, nurse experience och communication.

Results: The results that emerged were divided and presented under different headings, these were: Nurses' experiences of calls in palliative care and factors that affect conversations in palliative care. Several subheadings were then created. It was revealed that many nurses experienced end-of-life conversations as difficult and it was something that required training and experience to handle in the best way.

Discussion: The discussion was divided results into two headings: the actual responsibility and the importance of communication. This was also discussed using further literature confirming the result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
Palliative care, Communication, Suffering, Experiences, Nurses
Keyword [sv]
Palliativ vård, Kommunikation, Erfarenheter, Sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6023DiVA: diva2:1106436
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-07 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved

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