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Concepts on Zakat, Caritas, and Diaconia in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9800-5373
2017 (English)In: Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 36, no 1-2, 164-198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article will enhance the understanding of Zakat’s contribution to social welfare provision in the changing social welfare landscape of Europe. It will contribute to the understanding of emerging Zakat within the framework of the welfare regimes in Europe in relation to the more established forms of Caritas and Diaconia. Data was gathered from the Welfare and Value (WaVe) research program in 13 cities and 12 countries 2005–2009. The research was conducted through observation and in-depth research with a descriptive approach to the complexity of majority–minority relations in each town, followed by an analytical phase which addressed various factors in relation to social cohesion, values, minorities, and gender. In this article, the data from the WaVe study was coded and analyzed, mainly to explore the way Zakat is implemented in the European context and within the framework of different contextual welfare regimes using Esping-Andersen typology and Van der Ven institutional model on religious & social identity. The results confirm the dominant role of Caritas and Diaconia but with emerging & innovative Zakat in some countries and a marginal role in mainly Eastern Europe. Zakat is also becoming and alternative & complimentary welfare provision model in Germany, France, and Croatia. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 36, no 1-2, 164-198 p.
Keyword [en]
Civil society, Community, Faith-based organizations, Social welfare, Well-being, Zakat
National Category
Sociology Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6187DOI: 10.1080/15426432.2017.1311242OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6187DiVA: diva2:1112530
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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