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Anhörigas upplevelse av att stötta sin partner med en kurativ cancersjukdom: en litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Significant others' experiences of caring for a partner with curative cancer disease : a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Idag drabbas många av cancersjukdom men tack vare tidig upptäckt botas många. Under sjukdomstiden påverkas även patientens maka/make/partner av cancersjukdomen. Anhöriga som stöttar sin partner kan ha en ökad risk att drabbas av egna hälsorelaterade problem. 

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa anhörigas upplevelser av att stötta en partner i kurativt skede av cancersjukdom. 

Metod: Resultatet består av tolv vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserades och delades in i sju teman. Roys Adaptationsmodell har använts för att diskutera resultatet. Artiklarna samlades in via databaserna CINAHL och PUBMED med urvalet 2007-2017.  

Resultat: Resultatet visade på att anhörigas behov blev åsidosatta under partnerns sjukdomstid.  Deras identitet påverkades då de anpassade tillvaron för att kunna fokusera på sin partners vård. Rollfördelningen i parrelationen förändrades och anhöriga fick ta mer ansvar. En för stor börda på de anhöriga kunde ha stor påverkan på deras hälsa men många anhöriga upplevde att de kom sin partner närmare under sjukdomstiden.                   

Diskussion: De fyra anpassningslägena i Roys modell påverkar varandra och är svåra att separera. Detta visar på att det är viktigt att ha en helhetssyn på människan. Vi anser att det är viktigt att vården uppmärksammar anhörigas behov och situation och erbjuder stöd för att undvika framtida ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: A large number of individuals are affected by cancer disease every year, but due to improved treatment and early discovery many are cured. The illness, also affect the patient´s significant other and may increase their risk of own health-related problems.

Aim: The aim was to describe significant others´ experiences when supporting a partner in curative phase of cancer disease.

Method: The results are based on twelve scientific articles and categorized in seven themes. The Roy Adaptation model was used to discuss the result. Data were collected from the CINAHL and PUBMED databases, including articles from the years 2007-2017.

Results: The results show that significant others´ own needs were put aside during their partner´s illness. Their identities were affected as they were adapting their everyday life to be able to support their partner. A partner´s illness also changed the couple’s roles as the couples responsibility changed within the relationship. If the significant other experienced the support as burdensome their health could be negatively affected. Significant others´ experienced their relationship to their partner to improve during the illness.

Discussion: The four adaptation modes by Roy are related to each other and are hard to distinguish and the holistic view of each person is important. We conclude that it is important that the health care system also acknowledges the significant other´s needs and situations and thereby provide support needed to elude future health issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
Curative, Cancer, Spouse, Experience, Caregiver, Partner, Roy Adaptation model
Keyword [sv]
Kurativ, Cancer, Anhörig, Upplevelse, Partner, Roys adaptationsmodell
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6239DiVA: diva2:1134696
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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