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The psychiatric sequelae of burn injury
Uppsala universitet.
Uppsala universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5523-8126
2014 (English)In: General Hospital Psychiatry, ISSN 0163-8343, E-ISSN 1873-7714, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 516-522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine factors predicting psychiatric morbidity, taking into account the full range of psychiatric disorders before and after burn injury.

Methods: A cohort of 107 patients consecutively admitted to a Swedish national burn center was examined for lifetime psychiatric morbidity, as well as 94 patients at 1 year postinjury. Sixty-seven individuals, some from that same cohort, were interviewed at 2 to 7 years postinjury. The predictive effects of psychiatric history, personality and other risk factors for psychiatric morbidity following burn were evaluated with multiple regression analyses.

Results: The prevalence of having a psychiatric disorder preburn was 57%. One year postinjury 19% had minor or major depression and 23% had subsyndromal or full posttraumatic stress disorder. At 2 to 7 years, 31% fulfilled the criteria for a psychiatric disorder. The strongest contributing factors were a history of psychiatric morbidity and neuroticism.

Conclusions: Two-thirds of the patients had a lifetime psychiatric disorder, and one-third had a psychiatric diagnosis 2 to 7 years postburn. Mental health problems can have a major impact on daily life and functional abilities. Thus, identification and treatment of a range of psychiatric disorders, taking into account preburn psychiatric disorders and personality, is important for optimal adjustment after burn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 36, no 5, p. 516-522
Keywords [en]
Burn, Psychiatric morbidity, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Depression, Trauma
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6264DOI: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2014.05.003ISI: 000340872400016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6264DiVA, id: diva2:1136842
Available from: 2014-09-24 Created: 2017-08-29 Last updated: 2017-11-20Bibliographically approved

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