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Chronic pain and sex-differences; women accept and move, while men feel blue.
Göteborgs universitet, Karolinska institutet.
Göteborgs universitet.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Social Sciences. Göteborgs universitete.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2194-6773
Linköpings universitet.
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2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 4, article id e0175737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore differences between male and female patients entering a rehabilitation program at a pain clinic in order to gain a greater understanding of different approaches to be used in rehabilitation.

METHOD: 1371 patients referred to a specialty pain rehabilitation clinic, completed sociodemographic and pain related questionnaires. They rated their pain acceptance (CPAQ-8), their kinesiophobia (TSK), the impact of pain in their life (MPI), anxiety and depression levels (HAD) and quality of life scales: the SF-36, LiSat-11, and the EQ-5D. Because of the large sample size of the study, the significance level was set at the p ≤.01.

RESULTS: Analysis by t-test showed that when both sexes experience the same pain severity, women report significantly higher activity level, pain acceptance and social support while men report higher kinesiophobia, mood disturbances and lower activity level.

CONCLUSION: Pain acceptance (CPAQ-8) and kinesiophobia (TSK) showed the clearest differences between men and women. Pain acceptance and kinesiophobia are behaviorally defined and have the potential to be changed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 12, no 4, article id e0175737
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6645DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175737PubMedID: 28441403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6645DiVA, id: diva2:1183035
Available from: 2018-02-15 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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