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Sjuksköterskor attityder till att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom i den somatiska vården.: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses attitudes to care for people with mental illness in the somatic care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Personer med psykisk sjukdom känner ett utanförskap i samhället där negativa attityder, stigma samt diskriminering har identifierats som viktiga faktorer. Samtidigt finns det en korrelation mellan försämrad hälsa och psykisk sjukdom, vilket innebär att sjuksköterskor verksamma inom den somatiska vården kommer i frekvent kontakt med personer som har en psykisk sjukdom. Sjuksköterskor har därför ett ansvar att främja personer med psykisk sjukdoms hälsa även i den somatiska vården.

Syfte: Undersöka sjuksköterskors attityder till att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom i den somatiska vården.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på Fribergs (2017) metod. Databaserna CINAHL Complete och PubMed genomsöktes för artikelsökning. Totalt tio vårdvetenskapliga artiklar valdes till denna litteraturöversikt. I analysen av artiklarna uppkom likheter samt skillnader som tematiserades och kategoriserades.

Resultat: Negativa attityder till att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom var vanligt bland sjuksköterskor på somatiska avdelningar, men det fanns även sjuksköterskor med positiva attityder. Det framkom två huvudteman med två respektive fyra underteman. Sjuksköterskors positiva attityder till att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom, med underteman: vilja att hjälpa och självsäkerhet. Andra huvudtemat var; Sjuksköterskors negativa attityder till att vårda personer med psykisk sjukdom, med underteman: stigmatiserande attityder, motvillighet, osäkerhet och utsatthet.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades utifrån de faktorer som framträdde i resultatet och påverkade sjuksköterskornas attityder.

Abstract [en]

Background: People with mental illness experience alienation and social exclusion in the society where negative attitudes, stigma and discrimination have been identified as important factors. At the same time, there is a correlation between deterioration of health and mental illness, which means that nurses working in somatic care is frequent in contact with people with mental illness. Therefore, nurses have a responsibility to promote the health of people that have a mental illness and are hospitalized in the somatic care.

Aim: To investigate the attitudes of nurses towards care for people with mental illness in the somatic care.

Method: Literature review by Friberg´s (2017) method. The search for the articles was conducted in CINAHL Complete database and PubMed database. A total of ten medical science articles were selected for this literature review. Similarities and differences emerged in the analysis of the articles and were thematized and categorized

Results: Negative attitudes towards caring for people with mental illness were common among nurses in the somatic care, but there were also nurses with positive attitudes. There were two main themes with two and four subordinates respectively. Nurses' positive attitudes towards caring for people with mental illness, with subordinates: wanting to help and self-confidence. The second main theme was; Nurses’ negative attitudes towards caring for people with mental illness, with subordinates: stigmatizing attitudes, reluctance, uncertainty and exposure.

Discussion: The result was mainly discussed based on the negative attitudes of nurses to care for people with mental illness linked to the factors that appeared in the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
Attitudes, Mental Illness, Nurses, Somatic Care
Keywords [sv]
Attityder, Psykisk sjukdom, Sjuksköterskor, Somatisk vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6692OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6692DiVA, id: diva2:1191126
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved

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