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Våldet mot det kvinnliga könsorganet: en litteraturöversikt om kvinnlig könsstympning ur sjukvårdspersonals perspektiv
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The violence against the female genitals : a literature review about female genital mutilation through the perspective of health care professionals (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kvinnlig könsstympning utförs idag i cirka 30 länder i Afrika, Asien och Sydamerika. Omkring 200 miljoner kvinnor och flickor antas idag vara könsstympade och cirka tre miljoner utsätts årligen. Proceduren innefattar alla typer av ingrepp på det kvinnliga yttre könsorganet som inte är medicinskt motiverat. Kvinnlig könsstympning ger svåra komplikationer och leder i värsta fall till döden. Skälen till varför det utförs varierar, det handlar ibland om kulturella traditioner eller religiösa ritualer och ibland enbart för att kontrollera kvinnans sexualitet. Ingreppet är i de flesta västerländska länder, däribland Sverige, olagligt. Syftet var att belysa kunskaper och attityder hos sjukvårdspersonal gentemot kvinnlig könsstympning.En litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg har utförts. Sökningarna har gjorts i databaserna Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete och PubMed. Elva artiklar valdes ut; fem kvantitativa, fyra kvalitativa och två med mixad metod. I resultatet framgick att det var brist på kunskaper om kvinnlig könsstympning hos sjukvårdspersonal. Attityden kring kvinnlig könsstympning skiftade men de flesta ansåg att det var mot mänskliga rättigheter. I länder där sedvänjan praktiseras upplevdes sjukvårdspersonal ambivalenta. Den globala migrationen ökar. Trots det finns det väldigt lite kunskaper om kvinnlig könsstympning hos sjukvårdspersonalen världen över. Attityden kring kvinnlig könsstympning skiftar, både i länder där det praktiseras och i länder där det inte praktiseras. Bristen på information under utbildningen uppges vara en anledning till att sjukvårdspersonalen inte vet hur de ska bemöta en kvinna som utsatts för könsstympning. Resultaten diskuteras i linje med Leiningers teori om det transkulturella omvårdandet.

Abstract [en]

Female genital mutilation is performed in about 30 countries in Africa, Asia, and South America. Nearly 200 million girls and women have undergone circumcision and annually 3 million are at risk. Female genital mutilation includes all forms of harm towards the outer female genitals without any medical indications. It results in severe complications and is even fatal. The reasons vary, sometimes they are explained as cultural traditions or religious traditions, and sometimes just to control women's' sexuality. The procedure is illegal in most western countries, Sweden included. The aim was to illuminate knowledge and attitudes among health care professionals regarding female genital mutilation. A literature review was conducted according to Friberg. Three databases were used: Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete and PubMed. This resulted in five quantitative articles, four qualitative articles and two with mixed method. The main findings were that there is a lack of knowledge among health care professionals. Also, attitudes differ but many of the participants agreed that it is violating human rights. In practicing countries there were often ambivalent feelings towards female genital mutilation. Even though the global migration is as high as ever, the knowledge among health care professionals is insufficient. The attitudes differ, both in countries where the tradition is practiced and in countries where it is not practiced. The lack of educational information is mentioned as a reason to why health care professionals feel unsure on how to handle meeting a mutilated woman. The results were discussed with Leininger's nursing theory as a model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
Female genital mutilation, Knowledge, Attitude, Experience, Health care professionals
Keywords [sv]
Kvinnlig könsstympning, Kunskap, Attityd, Erfarenhet, Sjukvårdspersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6790DiVA, id: diva2:1210335
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-05-29 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved

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