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Den stressade sjuksköterskan: En litteraturöversikt om faktorer som kan leda till stress och utmattningssyndrom hos Nordiska sjuksköterskor
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The stressed nurse : A literature review about factors that can lead to stress and burnout among the nurses in the Nordic countries (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sedan slutet av 1990-talet har det i Sverige skett en ökning av långtidssjukskrivningar som framförallt beror på psykisk ohälsa. Personal inom sjukvården anser att deras arbete är stressigt och sjuksköterskor upplever att arbetet kan vara psykisk påfrestande. Orsakerna till detta antas bland annat bero på de omorganisationer och neddragningar som skett de senaste decennierna. Sjuksköterskans profession innebär ett ansvar för patientens omvårdnad som ska grundas på vetenskap och evidens. Dessutom ska sjuksköterskans arbete vara personcentrerat, följa regelverk och lagar så att god patientsäkerhet upprätthålls. Långvarig stress kan leda till utmattningssyndrom, vilket inte bara påverkar sjuksköterskan psykiskt och fysiskt, utan även organisationens produktivitet genom minskad motivation bland anställda.

Syfte: Att belysa vilka faktorer som kan bidra till att Nordiska sjuksköterskor drabbas av stress och utmattningssyndrom

Metod: En litteraturöversikt med analys av 10 originalartiklar

Resultat: Resultatet delades in i två teman: yttre faktorer och inre faktorer. De yttre faktorerna var hög arbetsbelastning och krav, bristande delaktighet och ledarskap samt bristande socialt stöd och samarbete. De inre faktorerna sjuksköterskorna upplevde var otillräcklighet och engagemang.

Diskussion: I metoddiskussionen diskuteras litteraturöversikten som metod för examensarbetet och i resultatdiskussion diskuteras resultatet utifrån Antonovskys holistiska modell KASAM samt vetenskaplig litteratur.

Abstract [en]

Background: Since the late 1990's there has been an increase in long-term sick leave in Sweden due to mental illness. Healthcare staff consider work as stressful and nurses feel that their work may be mentally stressful. The reasons for this are assumed to the reorganization and cuts that have taken place in the recent decades. The Nurse´s profession means responsible and ensuring that the patient receives care, based on science and evidence. In addition, the nurse´s work should include looking after the patient´s individual needs and comply with regulations and laws to maintain patient-safety. Long-term stress can lead to burnout, which not only affects nurse´s mentally and physically health but also the organization's productivity through employees reduced motivation, and sick leave.

Aim: To highlight which factors could contribute to Nordic nurses suffering from stress and burnout.

Method: A literature review of 10 original articles

Results: The results were divided into two themes: external and internal factors. The external factors that the Nordic nurses experienced were high workloads and demands, lack of participation and leadership as well as lack of social support and cooperation. The internal factors that nurses experienced were commitment and feelings of insufficiency.

Discussion: In the method discussion, the literature review is discussed as a method for the degree project, and in the result discussion the results are discussed based on Antonovsky's holistic model SOC as well as scientific literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Burnout professional, Nurses, Work related stress
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsrelaterad stress, Sjuksköterskor, Stress, Utbrändhet, Utmattningssyndrom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6799DiVA, id: diva2:1212350
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-04 Created: 2018-06-01 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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