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Sexualitet i relation till Multipel skleros: en litteraturöversikt med fokus på sexualitetens påverkan vid Multipel skleros
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sexuality in relation to Multiple sclerosis : a literature review focusing on the impact of sexuality on Multiple sclerosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Multipel skleros, MS, är en autoimmun, neurologisk, kronisk sjukdom som påverkar hela centrala nervsystemet. Sjukdomsförloppet ser annorlunda ut från person till person och är relativt oförutsägbart.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa erfarenheter av sexualitet hos vuxna patienter med Multipel skleros samt vilka faktorer som kan påverka denna.

Metod: Metoden för uppsatsen var en integrerad litteraturöversikt, baserad på tio artiklar varav åtta kvantitativa och två kvalitativa.

Resultat: Resultatet summeras i tre olika teman Fysiska symtom, Depression och Påverkan på relationer och sexualliv. Resultatet visade att personer med MS ofta upplevde någon form av sexuell problematik vad gäller både fysiska, psykiska och sociala aspekter. Mellan 44–82,5 % av deltagarna som inkluderats i studierna som ingår i denna litteraturöversikt led av sexuell dysfunktion, SD. Flera deltagare uppgav att SD påverkade deras sexualliv negativt.

Diskussion: Diskussionen är uppdelad i två delar: metoddiskussion där metoden för arbetet diskuteras och resultatdiskussion där resultatet diskuteras huvudsakligen utifrån Callista Roys adaptionsmodell. Aspekter av betydelseför sjuksköterskans möte med patienter med MS belyses också.

Abstract [en]

Background: Multiple sclerosis, MS, is an autoimmune, neurological, chronic disease that affects the whole central nervous system. The course of the disease is different from one person to another and therefore is unpredictable.

Aim: The aim was to highlight the experiences of sexuality in adult patients with multiple sclerosis and the factors that may affect it.

Method: The method of the essay was an integrated literature review, based on ten articles of which eight quantitative and two qualitative.

Results: The result is summarized in three different themes Physical Symptoms, Depression and The impact on relationships and the sex life. The result showed that persons with MS often experienced some form of sexual problems in terms of physical, mental and social aspects. Between 44–82.5 percent of all participants in all studies included in this literary review had sexual dysfunction, SD. Several participants stated that SD had a negative impact on their sex life.

Discussion: The discussion is divided into two parts: method discussion where the method for this essay will be discussed and result discussion where the results will be discussed based on Callista Roy’s adaptation model. Also, aspects of the importance for nurses when meeting patients with MS are highlighted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Multiple sclerosis, Sexuality, Experiences, Factors
Keywords [sv]
Multipel skleros, Sexualitet, Erfarenheter, Faktorer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6855DiVA, id: diva2:1222117
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-21 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-21Bibliographically approved

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