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SKÄL ATT FORTSÄTTA LEVA: EN SYSTEMATISK LITTERATURSTUDIE MED FOKUS PÅ SKYDDANDE FAKTORER I SAMBAND MED SUICIDALITET
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
REASONS FOR CONTINUING LIVING : A SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE STUDY WITH FOCUS ON PROTECTIVE FACTORS IN RELATION WITH SUICIDALITY (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Outhärdlig psykisk smärta, bristande livslust och suicid är ett folkhälsoproblem. Tidigare studier visar att det finns många faktorer som förhöjer risken för suicid. Dock finns det inte i samma utsträckning kunskap om de faktorerna som skyddar mot suicid. Genom ökad kunskap om de skyddande faktorerna mot suicid kan även ökad resiliens skapas inför framtida utmaningar.

Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande studie var att beskriva de skyddande faktorer som kan stärka livskraften hos suicidnära personer.

Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie av tio studier med kvalitativ ansats användes. Dataanalysen genomfördes utifrån Evans beskrivande metod. 

Resultat: Tre teman identifierades som skyddande faktorer för suicidnära personer: Kontakt, Vändpunkter och Coping. Tio subteman identifierades: Kontakt: familj och vänner, kontakt med sig själv, kontakt med en gud, andra gemenskaper; Vändpunkter: nya insikter, känsla av delaktighet; Coping: framtida mål, förebild, hälsosamt beteende, lidande och suicidtankar som coping. 

Diskussion: Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att värna om livet, lindra lidande, ingjuta hopp, främja hälsa och in i det längsta förstärka livskraften hos patienten. Kunskap från den vårdvetenskapliga forskningen med avseende på bemötande och skyddande faktorer i samband med suicidalitet kan bidra till ny kunskap av vikt inom psykiatriskomvårdnad. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Unbearable psychological pain, lack of desire to live and suicide are public health problems. Earlier studies have shown that there are many factors that increase the risk for suicide. The field of research in protective factors for suicide has been rather unexplored, in comparison. By increasing the knowledge the protective factors there can be an increased resilience before future challenges in psychiatric care.  

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to describe the protective factors that can strengthen the viability in suicidal persons. 

Method: A systematic review of literature of ten studies with qualitative approach was used. Data analysis was performed based on the descriptive method invented by Evans. 

Results: Three themes where identified as protective factors for suicidal persons: Contact, Turning points and Coping. For each theme, different subthemes has been identified: Contact: family and friends, contact with oneself, spiritual contact, other communities; Turning points: new insights, participation; Coping: future goals, role model, healthy behaviour, suffering and suicidal thoughts as coping.

Discussion: The nurse’s role is to protect life itself, to ease suffering, to instil hope, to promote health and into the longest increase the viability in suicidal patients. The psychiatric care needs to assimilate new knowledge from the Science of care in terms of treatment of patients and protective factors. Furthermore, to better understand the psychology of suicide and to counteract taboo, which still revolves around suicide. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
Psychiatric care, Suicide, Protective factors, Reason to live, Taboo
Keywords [sv]
Psykiatrisk omvårdnad, Suicid, Skyddande faktorer, Skäl att leva, Tabuering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7035DiVA, id: diva2:1260554
Educational program
Postgraduate Diploma in Specialist Nursing - Mental Health Care 60 ECTS
Uppsok
Medicine
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Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-03 Last updated: 2018-11-05Bibliographically approved

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