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Våldsutsatta kvinnors upplevelser av sjukvården: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Abused women's experiences of health care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Violence against women carried out by a partner with whom they have a close relationship is a major problem in our society.  Here, violence is defined as a violent act of a physical, psychological or sexual nature. The violent act carried out against the woman inflicts injury and suffering, regardless of whether the act of violence is committed publicly or at home. When a woman is subjected to violence by a person with whom she has a close relationship, a gradual normalization process takes place. This means that the woman gradually starts to accept acts of abuse and assault that she previously would never have tolerated. Literature on experiences made by health workers show that there is not sufficient guidance and guidelines for health workers on how to best treat women who have been subjected to violence. Violence against women leads to significant costs to society. An estimation puts the annual cost at around 2,7 to 3,3 billion Swedish Krona (SEK). However, it is difficult to assess the exact sum, as women due to fear and the normalization process of abuse, not always state the true reason for seeking health care and treatment.

 

 

Aim: The purpose was to examine abused women’s experiences of health care.

 

 

Method: The literary review was conducted in accordance with the Friberg method (2012). Our work is based on ten scientific articles. We have used the Cinahl Complete and PubMed databases in our research. The articles have been analysed and the quality has been controlled.

 

 

Results: The result of our literary review has been presented in four different categories: The significance of confirmation; When violence is ignored; Women’s feelings of guilt, shame and abandonment; and The significance of the environment and surroundings.

 

 

Discussion: The result has been discussed with Katie Eriksson’s care theory as a starting point, along with some of her concepts of consensus: suffering, the individual and health. Women subjected to abuse experienced flawed and deficient health care. The health workers’ lack of knowledge of violence in close relationships also meant that abused women were not viewed from a holistic perspective by the health workers.

 

 

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Våld mot kvinnor som utövas av en partner de står i nära relation till är ett stort samhällsproblem. Våld definieras som en fysiskt, psykiskt och sexuellt relaterad våldshandling. Våldet innebär skada eller lidande för kvinnan oavsett om det sker offentligt eller privat. När en kvinna blir utsatt för våld av en närstående sker successivt en normaliseringsprocess vilket betyder att kvinnan börjar acceptera händelser hon tidigare inte skulle ha gjort. Litteratur om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter visar att det saknas vägledning och riktlinjer för hur de ska bemöta våldsutsatta kvinnor. Samhället har stora kostnader för våld mot kvinnor. Uppskattningsvis ligger kostnaderna mellan 2,7 – 3,3 miljarder kronor per år. Dessa siffror är svåra att beräkna eftersom kvinnor på grund av rädsla och att våldet normaliserats inte alltid uppger den verkliga orsaken till kontakten med sjukvården.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka hur kvinnor som varit utsatta för våld i nära relationer upplever vården.

Metod: Denna litteraturöversikt utfördes i enlighet med Friberg (2012). Tio stycken vetenskapliga artiklar ligger till grund för arbetets resultat. Databaserna Cinahl Complete och PubMed har använts. Artiklarna har analyserats och kvalitetsgranskats.

Resultat: Litteraturöversiktens resultat har redovisats i fyra kategorier: betydelsen av att bli bekräftad, när våldet ignoreras, kvinnornas upplevelser av skuld, skam och övergivenhet, samt miljöns och omgivningens betydelse.

Diskussion: Resultatet har diskuterats utifrån Katie Erikssons omvårdnadsteori med några av hennes konsensusbegrepp; lidande, människa och hälsa. Våldsutsatta kvinnor upplevde brister inom vården. Vårdpersonalens kunskapsbrist om våld i nära relationer bidrog till att kvinnor inte uppmärksammas ur ett helhetsperspektiv.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Experiences, Health care, Intimate partner violence, Women
Keywords [sv]
Kvinnor, Sjukvård, Upplevelser, Våld i nära relationer
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7108DiVA, id: diva2:1263234
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-21 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-21Bibliographically approved

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