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Sjuksköterska och novis: En litteraturöversikt om upplevelsen av att vara nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse and novice : A literature review about the experience of being a newly graduated nurse (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeyrket är en egen profession och det finns ett högt förtroende i samhället för den legitimerade sjuksköterskans kompetens. Sjuksköterskans yrkesroll framställs som komplex och mångdimensionell. Transitionen från student till nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska beskrivs som en central händelse där första tiden inom professionen har stor betydelse för sjuksköterskans utveckling. 

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa upplevelsen av att vara nyexaminerad sjuksköterska.

Metod: Designen var allmän litteraturöversikt. Litteratursökningen genomfördes i databaserna CINAHL Complete, PubMed och PsycINFO. Elva vetenskapliga artiklar identifierades, kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades. 

Resultat: Resultatet illustrerar upplevelsen av att vara nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska. Första tiden speglade känslor av kaos, överväldigande och ansvar. Den nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskan upplevde rädsla att göra fel, säga fel och verka okunnig. Handledning och stöd ansågs som viktiga incitament i transitionen liksom att bli accepterade av kollegor och erkänd för sin kunskap. Professionell yrkesstolthet och självförtroende utvecklades med tid och erfarenhet. 

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuteras utifrån omvårdnadsforskaren Patricia Benners teori att gå från novis till expert samt tidigare forskning. Diskussionen belyser hur nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor ur ett internationellt perspektiv, upplevde ett glapp mellan utbildning och yrkesroll, osäkerhet i förhållande till patientsäkerhet och omvårdnad samt att introduktion och handledning under den första tiden var av stor betydelse. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The profession of nursing has its own dicipline and there is a high level of trust in society for the qualified nurse's skills. The vocational role is presented as complex and multidimensional. The transition from student to newly graduated nurse is described as a central event where the first period in the profession is of great importance for the nurse's development.

Aim: The aim was to highlight the experience of beeing a newly graduated nurse. 

Method: The design was a general literature review. The literature search was conducted in the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and PsycINFO. Eleven scientific articles were identified, quality-reviewed and analyzed.

Results: The result illustrated the experience of being a newly graduated nurse. The first period reflected feelings of chaos, overwhelming and responsibility. The newly graduated nurse experienced fear in making mistakes, saying the wrong thing or to appear unskilled. Tutoring and support were considered as an important incentive in the transition, as well as being accepted by colleagues and recognized for their knowledge. Professional pride and self-confidence were developed with time and experience.

Discussion: The result is discussed based on Patricia Benner's theory, from novice to expert and previous research. The discussion illustrates how newly graduated nurses from an international perspective, experienced a gap between education and vocational role. Furthermore, insecurity in relation to patient safety and caring, and finally how the introduction and preceptorship initially was of great importance for the nurses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
New graduate nurses, Novice nurse, Experience
Keywords [sv]
Nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska, Novis sjuksköterska, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7123OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7123DiVA, id: diva2:1263777
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-16 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved

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