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Hur personer med HIV upplever hälso- och sjukvården: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of healthcare when living with HIV : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Personer med HIV föreligger ökad risk för olika infektioner på grund av deras låga immunförsvar. Omvårdnadsbehov för personer med HIV kan vara munhälsa, nutrition och psykiskt stöd. Det förekommer att vårdpersonal har otrevlig attityd mot personer med HIV och låg kunskapsnivå om sjukdomen.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att belysa hur personer med HIV upplever hälso- och sjukvården.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt där elva vetenskapliga artiklar har sammanställts.

Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i fyra huvudteman: Mötet med vårdpersonal, Stöd och kunskap och Smitta och sekretessbrott, Andra instanser och aspekter som inverkade på upplevelsen av hälso- och sjukvården.

Diskussion: Diskussionen belyser hur patienter med HIV upplevde bemötande från vårdpersonalen och hur vårdpersonalens kunskapsnivå kan påverka bemötandet, samt att patienterna upplever att de har en kunskapsbrist om HIV. Resultatet diskuteras med hjälp av vetenskapliga artiklar och Katie Erikssons teori om ansa, leka och lära samt begreppet vårdlidande. Det har betydelse att utföra vårdhandlingar utifrån patientens behov för att minska vårdlidande.

Abstract [en]

Background: People with HIV has an increased risk of various infections due to their low immune system. Care needs for people with HIV can be a good oral health, nutrition and psychological support. Healthcare professionals can have a bad attitude towards people with HIV and low levels of knowledge about the disease.

Aim: The purpose of this literature review was to illuminate how people with HIV experience the healthcare.

Method: A literature review with eleven scientific articles have been compiled.

Results: The result is presented in four main themes: Meeting with healthcare professionals, Support and knowledge and Contagion and confidentiality, Other instances and aspects that affected the experience of healthcare.

Discussion: The discussion illustrates how patients with HIV experienced treatment from the healthcare staff and how the healthcare staff's level of knowledge can affect the treatment, and that patients experience a lack of knowledge about HIV. The key parts of the result were discussed with help of scientific articles and Katie Eriksson´s theory of tending, playing and teaching, as well as the concept of suffering related to care. It is important to carry out health care procedures based on the patient needs to suffering related to care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Human immunodeficiency virus, People with HIV, Patients, Healthcare professionals, Expererience
Keywords [sv]
Humant immunbristvirus, Personer med HIV, Patienter, Vårdpersonal, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7148DiVA, id: diva2:1267404
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-02 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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