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Upplevelser av stigmatisering hos människor som har hiv: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The experience of stigmatization in people who are living with HIV : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hiv är ett folkhälsoproblem som cirka 30-35 miljoner människor runt om i världen lever med. I Sverige rapporteras 400-500 nya fall varje år. Att ha hiv kan leda till att människor utsätts för stigmatisering från omgivningen.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt är att belysa upplevelser av stigmatisering hos människor som har hiv.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes där tio vetenskapliga artiklar valdes med både kvalitativa och kvantitativa studier.

Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i fyra huvudteman: Upplevelsen av social stigmatisering, Självstigmatisering hos människor som lever med hiv, Fysiskt avstånd och Att uppleva psykisk ohälsa.

Diskussion: Resultatet har diskuterats utifrån omvårdnadsteoretikern Katie Eriksson om den caritativa vårdteorin samt fyra konsensusbegrepp som hon har beskrivit: den mångdimensionella hälsan, lidande- en del av hälsan, vårdande- att lindra patientens lidande och den unika människan. Resultatet har även diskuterats genom Erikssons tolkning av: försoning och värdighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: HIV is a public health problem that about 30-35 million people live with around the world. HIV. 400-500 new cases are reported each year in Sweden. Having HIV can lead to stigmatization from people around you.

Aim: The experience of stigmatization in people who are living with HIV.

Method: The literature review was based on ten scientific articles, both qualitative and quantitative studies.

Results:  The results were presented in four main themes: Experiences of social stigmatization, Self-stigmatization with people who are living with HIV, Physical distance and Experiences of mental illness.

Discussion: The result has been discussed based on nursing theorist Katie Eriksson´s theory about the caritative theory and the four consensus concepts she mentioned: the multi-dimensional health, suffering- a part of health, care- to relieve the patient´s suffering and the unique human. The result has also been discussed through Eriksson´s important concepts such as: atonement and dignity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
HIV infected patients, Stigma, Experience
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7214DiVA, id: diva2:1276189
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
NejAvailable from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved

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