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Mäns upplevelser av sexualitet vid prostatacancer: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Men with prostate cancer and their experiences of sexuality : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Prostatacancer är den vanligaste cancerdiagnosen för män i västvärlden. Det finns flera biverkningar av de olika behandlingsalternativen varav sexuell dysfunktion är en vanlig sådan. Sjuksköterskans ansvar går ut på att vårda patienten som en helhet och främja delaktighet. Det har visats att sjuksköterskor upplevde det som svårt att samtala med patienter om sexualitet eftersom ämnet anses vara tabubelagt.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa mäns upplevelser av sexualitet vid prostatacancer.

Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt enligt Friberg (2017) gjordes och baserades på elva vetenskapliga artiklar. Åtta var av kvalitativ metod och tre av mixad. De inhämtades från databaserna CINAHL Complete, PubMed samt PsycINFO. Sökorden som användes var: experience, experienc*, lived experience, prostate cancer, prostatic neoplasms, sexuality och sexual health.

Resultat: Resultatet presenterades genom två huvudteman. Det första huvudtemat var: Behandlingarnas inverkan på sexualiteten, vilket visade olika känsloyttringar kopplat till att få en förändrad sexuell funktion, intimitet och maskulinitet samt minskad sexuell lust. Det andra huvudtemat var: Yttre och inre resurser för att kunna hantera behandlingarnas biverkningar som visade att vårdpersonal, partners och stödgrupper hjälpte männen att hantera förändringarna.

Diskussion: Författarna diskuterade mäns behov av adekvat information gällande olika behandlingars biverkningar, sjukdomens påverkan på maskuliniteten, hur kommunikation i parrelationer kunde påverkas samt sjuksköterskans stödjande roll. Diskussionen belystes utifrån Katie Erikssons hälsokors, tidigare forskning samt författarnas reflektioner.

Abstract [en]

Background: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer disease for men in the western world. There are several common side effects from different treatments and sexual dysfunction is one of them. It is the nurse’s responsibility to care for the patient as a whole and to promote participation. However, it has been shown that nurses found it difficult to talk about sexuality with patients since the subject is considered to be taboo.

Aim: The aim was to explore experiences of sexuality for men with prostate cancer.  

Method: A general literature review according to Friberg (2017) was made and based on eleven scientific articles. Eight were of qualitative method and three of mixed. They were obtained from the databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and PsycINFO. The following key words were used: experience, experienc*, lived experience, prostate cancer, prostatic neoplasms, sexuality and sexual health.

Results: The result was presented by two main themes. The first one was: The treatments impact on the sexuality which showed different emotions associated with having a changed sexual function, intimacy and masculinity and a reduced sexual desire. The second main theme was: The external and internal resources to be able to handle the side effects of the treatments which showed that care staff, partners and support groups helped the men to handle the changes.

Discussion: The authors discussed men’s need of adequate information about the side effects of different treatments and how the disease could affect the masculinity, the communication in relationships and the nurse’s supporting role. The discussion was highlighted in relation to Katie Eriksson´shealth cross”, previous research and the authors’ reflections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Prostate cancer, Sexuality, Masculinity, Experience, Support
Keywords [sv]
Prostatacancer, Sexualitet, Maskulinitet, Upplevelse, Stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7250DiVA, id: diva2:1279812
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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