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Patienters upplevelser av hjärtrehabilitering vid kranskärlsjukdom: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cardiac Rehabilitation for Coronary Artery Disease: Patients Experiences : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hjärtrehabilitering är ett program som ger bästa möjliga medicinska, fysiska och psykiska förutsättningar för patienter som har drabbats av kranskärlssjukdom, Den förbättrar livskvaliteten hos dessa patienter till en optimal individuell funktionsnivå. Syftet med denna studie var att belysa upplevelser av hjärtrehabilitering hos patienter med kranskärlssjukdom. En litteraturöversikt baserad på elva artiklar, tio av kvalitativ och en kvantitativ design hämtade från tre databaser Cinahl Complete, PubMed och PsycINFO. Artiklarna granskades enligt Friberg (2017) och därefter sammanställdes resultat i form av fyra tema. Vid analysen av de valda artiklarna har fyra huvudteman inklusive några underteman identifierats: Psykologiska upplevelser av hjärtrehabiliteringen. Upplevelser av stöd och motivation. Upplevelser av sjuksköterskans roll. Upplevelser av förhinder att delta i hjärtrehabilitering. Resultatet från denna litteraturöversikt har diskuterats utifrån Dorothea Orems egenvårdsteori. Patienterna hade en positiv inställning till hjärtrehabilitering men de flesta upplevde förhinder i någon form. Brist på information kan förbättras genom att vårdpersonalen har rätt kunskap och ger stöd. För att underlätta svårigheter av livsstilsförändringar kan sjuksköterskan använda motiverande samtal utifrån patientens individuella behov för att utveckla egenvårdskapaciteten hos patienten. 

Abstract [en]

Cardio rehabilitation is a programme which provides best possible medical, physical and mental conditions for patients who have suffered from cardiovascular disease. It improves quality of life for these patients to an optimal individual functioning level. The aim of this study was to highlight experiences from cardiac rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease. This study was carried out by a literature review method. Eleven articles, ten of qualitatative and of quantitative design identified in three databases: Cinahl Complete, PubMed och PsycINFO. Articles were reviewed according to Friberg (2017) and then the result was compiled in the form of four themes. In the analysis of the selected articles, four main themes, including some sub-themes, have been identified: Phsycological experiences of cardiac rehabilitation, Experiences of support and motivation, Experiences of nurses’ role and Experiences facing difficulties attending cardic rehabilitation program. Results from this literature review have been discussed related to Dorothea Orem's self-care theory. The patients had a positive attitude towards cardiac rehabilitation but most experienced some form of obstruction. Lack of information can be improved by the health care professions having the right knowledge and providing support. In order to facilitate difficulties in lifestyle changes, the nurse can use motivational talks based on the patient's individual need to develop self-care capacity in the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
Coronary Artery Disease, Cardiac Rehabilitation, Patients Experiences, Self-Care.
Keywords [sv]
Kranskärlssjukdom, Hjärtrehabilitering, Patient upplevelser, Egenvård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7524DiVA, id: diva2:1316870
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-05-21 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved

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