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The "flap" endonuclease gene FEN1 is excluded as a candidate gene implicated in the CAG repeat expansion underlying Huntington disease.
Kanada.
2001 (English)In: Clinical Genetics, ISSN 0009-9163, E-ISSN 1399-0004, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 122-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

At least 12 disorders including Huntington disease (HD) are associated with expansion of a trinucleotide repeat (TNR). Factors contributing to the risk of expansion of TNRs and the mechanism of expansion have not been elucidated. Data from Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggest that the flap endonuclease FEN1 plays a role in expansion of repetitive DNA tracts. It has been hypothesized that insufficiency of FEN1 or a mutant FEN1 might contribute to the occurrence of expansion events of long repetitive DNA tracts after polymerase slippage events during lagging strand synthesis. The expression pattern of FEN1 was determined, and ubiquitous tissue expression, including germ cells, suggested that FEN1 has the potential to be involved in HD. Fifteen HD parent/child pairs that demonstrated intergenerational increases in CAG length of greater than 10 repeats were examined for possible mutations or polymorphisms within the FEN1 gene that could underlie the saltatory repeat expansions seen in these individuals. No alterations were observed compared to 50 controls, excluding FEN1 as a trans-acting factor underlying TNR expansion. The identification of a candidate gene(s) in HD or other CAG-expansion disorders implicated in TNR instability will elucidate the mechanism of expansion for this growing family of neurological disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 59, no 2, p. 122-7
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Nursing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7493PubMedID: 11260214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7493DiVA, id: diva2:1317230
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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