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Sjuksköterskans inställning till att bli vaccinerad mot influensa: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The nurse´s attitude towards being vaccinated against influenza : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Globalt sett ökar debatten gällande vaccinationer inom såväl vården som samhället i stort. Årligen skapas även ett nytt influensavaccin anpassat för det virus som tros dominera under säsongen. Sjuksköterskor som arbetar i vården behöver även indirekt ta personlig ställning till om de vill vaccinera sig mot influensa. 

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka sjuksköterskans inställning till att vaccineras mot influensa.

Metod: En kvalitativ metod tillämpades för att beskriva sjuksköterskornas upplevelser gällande vaccination. Databaserna Cinahl complete och Medline with full text användes för att hitta vetenskapliga artiklar som grund för litteraturöversikten. Totalt tio kvalitativa artiklar analyserades för att forma teman som svar på syftet.

Resultat: Resultatet utgörs av fem teman: influensavaccin upplevdes som mindre viktigt, negativa erfarenheter av influensavaccination, autonomi och önskan om mer information. 

Diskussion: Sjuksköterskorna hade en negativ inställning till influensavaccination samt att de uppgav deras egna kunskaper om sådan vaccination som bristfällig. Inom sjukvården är det av vikt att sjuksköterskor innehar evidensbaserade kunskaper för att kunna utbilda patienterna gällande influensa och influensavaccination. I enlighet med Jean Watsons holistiska beskrivning av sjuksköterskans arbete har även sjuksköterskan ett moraliskt ansvar att skydda och värna om patientens säkerhet gentemot sjukdomar och smittspridning. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Globally, the debate regarding vaccinations in both healthcare and society is increasing. Each year, a new flu vaccine adapted for the virus that is believed to dominate during the season is also created. Nurses working in health care indirectly need to take a personal position on whether they want to vaccinate themselves or not against influenza.

Aim: The aim was to describe nurse’s attitude towards being vaccinated against influenza.  

Method: A qualitative method was used to describe the nurses' experiences regarding vaccination. The Cinahl complete and Medline with full text databases were used to find scientific articles as the basis for the literature review. A total of ten qualitative articles were analyzed to form themes in response to the purpose.

Results: The result consists of five themes: influenza vaccine was perceived as less important, negative experiences of influenza vaccination, autonomy and the desire for more information.

Discussion: The nurses had a negative attitude towards influenza vaccination and they stated their own knowledge about such vaccination as inadequate. In health care, it is important that nurses possess evidence-based knowledge in order to be able to educate patients regarding influenza and influenza vaccination. In accordance with Jean Watson's holistic description of the nurse's work, the nurse also has a moral responsibility to protect and guard the patient's safety against disease and spread of infection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Influenza, Autonomy, Jean Watson
Keywords [sv]
Influensa, Autonomi, Jean Watson
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-7915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-7915DiVA, id: diva2:1384334
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-10 Created: 2020-01-09 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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