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Sjukvårdspersonalens upplevelser av att vårda personer som lever i hemlöshet: en litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Healthcare professionals’ experiences of caring for people living in homelessness : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Individer som befinner sig i hemlöshet har en sak gemensamt de lever inom strukturella och sociala barriärer och därmed brister tillgång till exempelvis stadigvarande bostad, socialt nätverk, trygghet och skydd och detta är något som påverkar deras hälsa negativt. Många lider av fysisk och/eller psykisk ohälsa, missbruk av alkohol och/eller narkotika vilket kan även påverka deras följsamhet av vård och behandling negativt. Sjukvårdspersonalens upplevda utmaning att förse vård åt dessa individer ställer ökade krav på kunskap om hemlösa personers livsstil för att kunna erbjuda god och säker vård.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa sjukvårdspersonalens upplevelser av att vårda personer som lever i hemlöshet.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten genomfördes med åtta kvalitativa artiklar.

Resultat: Fyra huvudteman identifierades: Kunskap om sociala och strukturella faktorer som kan påverka hemlösa personers hälsa och vård. Arbetsmetoder för att möta hälso-och sjukvårdsbehov hos personer som lever i hemlöshet. Strategier för att etablera relationer med personer som lever i hemlöshet. Prioritering av arbetsuppgifter och resursbrist i arbete med personer som lever i hemlöshet.

Diskussion: Kontexten som hemlösa personer lever i och deras problematik som substansbruk påverkar följsamheten av vård och behandling. Sådana situationer kräver individanpassad tillvägagångssätt för att lyckas erbjuda god vård åt dessa individer. Joyce Travelbee’s omvårdnadsteori kommunikation och mellanmänskliga relationer diskuteras betydelsen av sjukvårdspersonalens syn på hemlösa personer som människor vilket kan bidra till etablering av tillitsfulla relationer som därmed kan främja hemlösa personers följsamhet av vård och behandling.

Abstract [en]

Background: Individuals who are in homelessness have one thing in common, they live within structural and social barriers and thus lack access to, for example stable housing, social networking security and protection. These individuals’ access to basic human needs is lacking in satisfaction, and this is having a negative impact on their health. Many suffer from physical and/or mental illnesses, alcohol abuse and/or drug abuse which can also negatively affect their compliance with care and treatment. The health care professionals’ perceived challenge to provide care for these individuals places high demands on knowledge about the lifestyle of homeless people in order to be able to offer good and safe care.

Aim: The purpose was to shed light in the healthcare professionals experiences of caring for people living in homelessness. Method: The literature review was conducted with 8 qualitative articles.

Results: Four main themes were identified: Knowledge of social and structural factors that can affect the health and care of the homeless persons. Working methods, to meet the healthcare needs of people living in homelessness. Strategies for establishing relationships with people living in homelessness. Prioritizing work tasks and lack of resourses in working with people living in homelessness.

Discussion: The context in which homeless people liv and their problems as substance use affect the adherence to care and treatment. Such situations require individualized approaches to successfully offer good care for these individuals. Joyce Travelbee’s nursing theory of communication and interpersonal relationships discusses the importance of healthcare professionals’ view of homeless people as of people, which can contribute to establishing trusting relationships that can thus promote homelessness’s compliance with care and treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 42
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8074DiVA, id: diva2:1425895
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-04-23 Created: 2020-04-22 Last updated: 2020-04-23Bibliographically approved

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