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Vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med tarmstomi: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Adults experiences of living with intestinal stoma : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Orsaken till att en person genomgår en stomioperation kan vara på grund av olika sjukdomar eller hälsotillstånd. Personer som genomgått en stomioperation kan behöva stöd från både familj och vårdpersonal då en livsförändring har skett. Information, undervisning och vägledning från sjuksköterskan är av stor vikt för att personen ska kunna hantera sin stomi.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vuxna personers upplevelser av att leva med tarmstomi.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt valdes som metod där elva vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod ingick. Artiklarna söktes fram från två databaser som var CINAHL Complete och Medline. Artiklarna analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs granskningsfrågor som sedan sammanställdes där likheter och skillnader tematiserades. Detta var underlag för litteraturöversiktens resultat.

Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades i resultatdelen. Temana var förändrad kropp, samliv, rädsla/oro och förberedelser. Två subteman valdes under temat förberedelser som var positiva aspekter av förberedelser och negativa aspekter av förberedelser.

Diskussion: I metoddiskussion diskuterar författarna sina svagheter och styrkor i det genomförda arbetet. I resultatdiskussion diskuterar författarna resultatens fyra teman relaterat till Dorothea Orems omvårdnadsteori där egenvård är en central del.

Abstract [en]

Background: The reason why a person goes through a stoma surgery can be due to various diseases or health conditions. Individuals who go through a stoma surgery can be in need of support from both healthcare professionals and family since a life change has occurred. Information, education and guidance from nurses are vital for the person to be able to manage their stoma.

Aim: The aim was to describe adults’ experiences of living with intestinalstoma.

Method: A literature review was conducted using eleven scientific articles, of which included both qualitative and quantitative methods. The articles were selected from two databases; CINAHL Complete and Medline. The analytical framework was chosen to analyze the article was Fribergs. This form of analysis highlighted thematic similarities and differences in the articles. This was the grounds for the result of the literature review.

Results: Four themes were identified throughout the research. The themes were the following; changed body, cohabitation, fear/worry and preparations. Two subthemes were chosen under the theme preparations as positive aspects due to preparations and negative aspects due to preparations.

Discussion: In the discussion of methods, the authors discuss the weaknesses and strengths of the research process. In the discussion of results, the authors discuss the four main concluding themes of the research in relation to Dorothea Orems nursing theory where self-care plays a central role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Stoma, Experiences, Health care professionals, Self-care, Life change
Keywords [sv]
Stomi, Upplevelser, Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, Egenvård, Livsförändring
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8114DiVA, id: diva2:1430351
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-14 Last updated: 2020-05-18Bibliographically approved

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