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Kvinnors upplevelser efter mastektomi vid bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women´s experiences of mastectomy due to breast cancer : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos kvinnor globalt. Ett behandlingsalternativ för bröstcancer är mastektomi, vilket innebär att delar alternativt hela det drabbade bröstet opereras bort. Behandlingen medför förändringar i kvinnornas liv. Författarna vill med denna litteraturöversikt skapa en ökad förståelse för denna patientgrupps upplevelser.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser efter mastektomi vid bröstcancer. 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes med tio vetenskapliga artiklar hämtade från tre databaser: CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE och PsycINFO. Åtta artiklar var kvalitativa och två artiklar var kvantitativa. Det insamlade datamaterialet tematiserades enligt en beskrivning av Friberg. Ur analysen framträdde tre teman.

ResultatResultatet presenteras i tre teman: En förändrad kroppsbild och identitet, sexualitet och relationer samt stöd. Resultatet visade att upplevelsen efter mastektomin var emotionellt påfrestande och att detta hade en varaktig påverkan på flera domäner i kvinnornas liv. 

Diskussion: Författarna diskuterade kvinnornas upplevelser efter mastektomin och hur upplevelserna kan förstås utifrån Katie Erikssons teori om hälsa, vårdande och lidande. Författarna har använt sig av egna reflektioner samt aktuell forskning för att styrka fynden i resultatet. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women worldwide. A treatment alternative for breast cancer is mastectomy, which means surgical removal of one breast, partially or completely. The treatment entails both physical and mental changes in women's lives. With this literature review, the authors want to create an increased understanding of the experiences of this patient group.

Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to describe women's experiences after mastectomy related to breast cancer.

Method: A literature review was performed with ten scientific articles identified via three databases: CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE and PsycINFO. Eight of the articles were qualitative and two were quantitative. The collected data was thematized according to a description presented by Friberg. Three themes emerged from the analysis.

Results: The results are presented in three themes: A changed body image and identitysexuality and relationships and support. The result showed that the experience after the mastectomy was emotionally stressful and that this had a lasting impact on several domains in the women's lives.

Discussion: The authors discussed the women's experiences after the mastectomy and how the experiences can be understood based on Katie Eriksson's theory of health, care and suffering. The authors have used their own reflections as well as current research to substantiate the findings in the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
Breast neoplasms, Experience, Feelings, Health, Mastectomy
Keywords [sv]
Bröstcancer, Hälsa, Känslor, Mastektomi, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8124DiVA, id: diva2:1430463
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-15 Last updated: 2020-05-18Bibliographically approved

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