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Patients’ experiences of eHealth in palliative care: an integrative review
Stiftelsen Stockholms Sjukhem.
Stiftelsen Stockholms Sjukhem.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, PRC. Uppsala universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7935-3260
2020 (English)In: BMC Palliative Care, E-ISSN 1472-684X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 1-14, article id 158Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: With a growing world population, a longer life expectancy, and more deaths due to chronic diseases, the need for palliative care is increasing. Palliative care aims to alleviate suffering and to promote well-being for patients with progressive, incurable disease or injury. E-Health entails using of information and communication technology for healthcare provision. It is unclear to how patients experience use of eHealth technology within palliative care.

Methods: The aim of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of eHealth in palliative care. A systematic integrative review was performed using six databases: Cinahl Complete; MEDLINE; PubMed; Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection; Nursing and Allied Health; and PsycINFO. Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria of adult patients in palliative care, English language, published 2014–2019: comprising 397 patients. Six studies were from European countries, four from North America, one from South America and one from Oceania. Seven were feasibility or pilot studies.

Results: The findings are synthesized in the main theme: E-health applications – promoting communication on patients’ and families’ terms, and three sub- themes: usability and feasibility of eHealth applications; symptom control and individualized care; and use of eHealth applications increased sense of security and patient safety. Patients’ experiences were that eHealth promoted individualized care, sense of security, better symptom management and participation in care. Communication was facilitated by the inherent flexibility provided by technology.

Conclusions: E-Health applications seem promising in promoting equal, individualized care, and may be a tool to endorse accessibility and patient participation in palliative care settings. Indications are that eHealth communication resulted in patients and families receiving more information, which contributed to experiences of patient safety and feelings of security. At organizational and societal levels, eHealth may contribute to sustainable development and more efficient use of resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 19, no 1, p. 1-14, article id 158
Keywords [en]
E-Health, eHealth, Palliative care, Patient, Literature review, Nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-8389DOI: 10.1186/s12904-020-00667-1PubMedID: 33054746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-8389DiVA, id: diva2:1476839
Available from: 2020-10-15 Created: 2020-10-15 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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