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Upplevelser av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter diagnostiserade med diabetes mellitus typ 2: En litteraturöversikt
Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Marie Cederschiöld University, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of lifestyle changes in patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2 : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus typ 2 är en global kronisk sjukdom.  I Sverige har cirka en halv miljon av befolkningen sjukdomen och ungefär 350 miljoner i hela världen. Sjukdomen är allvarlig och orsakar konsekvenser såsom kardiovaskulära sjukdomar och för tidig dödlighet. 

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att belysa upplevelser av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter diagnostiserade med diabetes mellitus typ 2 

Metod: Litteraturöversikten var baserad på elva vetenskapliga artiklar som har använts i resultatet. Databaser som användes var Cinahl Complete och PubMed. Artiklar var kvalitativa. Artiklarna granskades med Fribergs analysmetod (Friberg, 2022).

Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i fyra teman. Negativa aspekter av livsstilsförändringar i dagligt liv, Positiva aspekter av livsstilsförändringar i dagligt liv, upplevelser av nödvändig kunskap vid livsstilsförändringar och upplevelserna av den egna motivationen av livsstilsförändringarna.

Sammanfattning: Deltagarna i litteraturöversikten som blev diagnostiserade med DMT2 hade olika upplevelser samt uppfattningar av livsstilsförändringar. Olika upplevelser av fysiska hälsa och psykiska hälsa förekom bland studierna. Inom hälso- och sjukvården bör sjuksköterskor arbeta utifrån deras profession genom att omhänderta dessa individer och erbjuda evidensbaserad vård där individer blir inkluderade i sin behandling.                                          

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a global chronic disease. In Sweden, approximately half a million of the population have the disease and approximately 350 million worldwide. The disease is serious and causes consequences such as cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality

Aim: The purpose of this literature review was to light up the experiences of lifestyle changes in patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2.  

Method: The literature review was based on eleven scientific articles that have been used in the results. Databases used were Cinahl Complete and PubMed. Articles were qualitative. The articles were reviewed using Friberg's analysis method (Friberg, 2022). 

Results: The results were presented in four themes. Negative aspects of lifestyle changes in daily life, Positive aspects of lifestyle changes in daily life, experiences of necessary knowledge during lifestyle changes and the experiences of the own motivation of the lifestyle changes.

Summary: The participants in the literature review who were diagnosed with DMT2 had different experiences and perceptions of lifestyle changes. Different experiences of physical health and mental health occurred among the studies. Within health care, nurses should work based on their profession by caring for these individuals and offering evidence-based care where individuals are included in their treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Life Style Changes, Healthy Lifestyle, Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Experiences
Keywords [sv]
Livsstilsförändringar, Hälsosam livsstil, Diabetes mellitus typ 2, Upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-10183OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-10183DiVA, id: diva2:1753920
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-05-02 Created: 2023-05-01 Last updated: 2023-05-02Bibliographically approved

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