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På egen hand: En litteraturöversikt om nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av omvårdnad under deras första år
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
On your own : A literature review about new graduate nurses experiences of nursing during their first year (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: I Sverige utexamineras årligen drygt 4000 nya sjuksköterskor från en utbildning som kombinerar yrkesexamen och akademisk examen. Den första tiden i yrket kan upplevas påfrestande och stressig. Det är under denna tid som stöd är av stor vikt. Sjuksköterskans kliniska utövande och ansvars-område, omvårdnad, beskrivs som ett vitt begrepp med många dimensioner.Syfte: Att beskriva nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av omvårdnad under det första året inom somatisk vård.Metod: En litteraturöversikt har genomförts där tolv vetenskapliga artiklar har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Patricia Benners modell har använts som teoretisk utgångspunkt.Resultat: Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor kan ha både positiva och negativa upplevelser av omvårdnad under deras första år. Resultatet delas in i två teman med underliggande kategorier. Positiva upplevelser handlade bland annat om att kunna prioritera, lärande, klinisk kompetens, ett gott stöd samt fördelar med minskat stöd och tillfredsställande patientrelation. Negativa upplevelser handlade bland annat om svårigheter i prioritering, osäkerhet i patientrelationen och ett påfrestande ansvar men också brist på tid, stöd, kunskap och kliniska färdigheter.Diskussion: Trots många negativa upplevelser så visade resultaten på att nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor kan ha många positiva upplevelser under första året, som på ett passande sätt kan appliceras till Benners modell. Det visade sig dessutom att de nyutexaminerade uppvisade kompetenser som Benner beskriver i sina domäner. Resultatet visade på en mångfacetterad bild av nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser.Nyckelord: nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor, omvårdnad, upplevelser, första året

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: Every year nearly 4000 new nurses graduate in Sweden from an education that combines both a professional and an academic degree. The first time as a nurse can be experienced as testing and stressful. During this period support is of great importance. A nurse’s clinical exercise and responsibility, nursing, is described as a wide term with many dimensions.Aim: To describe new graduate nurses experiences of nursing during their first year in somatic care.                  Method: A literature review was carried out in which twelve scientific articles were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Patricia Benner has been used as theoretical basis.Results: New graduate nurses can have both positive and negative experiences of nursing during their first year. The result can be divided into two themes with underlying categories. Positive experiences included being able to prioritize, learning, clinical competence, support and advantages with less support and satisfying patient-relation. Negative experiences included difficulties in prioritizing, uncertainty in the patient-relation and a trying responsibility but also lack of time, support, knowledge and clinical skills.Discussion: Although many negative experiences, the results showed that new graduate nurses can have many positive experiences during their first year, which can be applied to Benners model. It was found that the graduates had the skills that Benner describes in her domains. The results revealed a multifaceted picture of new graduate nurse’s experiences.

Keywords: new graduate nurses, nursing, experiences, first year

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
new graduate nurses, nursing, experiences, first year
Keyword [sv]
nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor, omvårdnad, upplevelser, första året
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-1521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-1521DiVA: diva2:524247
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-02 Created: 2012-04-30 Last updated: 2012-05-02Bibliographically approved

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