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Livskvalitet hos vuxna patienter med astma:  
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Quality of life in adult patients with asthma (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Quality of life is a concept of individual meaning which is perceived differently depending on the person experiencing it. To have a chronic disease in the lung, such as asthma, has an effect on the quality of life. Asthma affects people of all ages. It is a disease that causes a constriction in the patients’ airways which leads to a feeling of suffocation which in turn produces a feeling of anxiety.

Aim: The purpose is to illuminate which factors affect the quality of life in adult patients with asthma.

Method: This is a literary review based on ten articles, both quantitative and qualitative, from four different continents. The articles were found in the databases Cinahl, PubMed, Medline and Academic Search Premier.

Results: There were many factors affecting the quality of life in patients with asthma. Six categories emerged from the analysis; demographic factors, physical difficulties, treatment and environment and the inner were mental difficulties and knowledge and communication.

Discussion: The most prominent factor in relation to quality of life was the existence of non-wanted symptoms. The symptoms the patients experienced were among other things caused by a lack of knowledge. Dorothea Orems "theory of self-care" was used in parts of the discussion and it was revealed that barriers to knowledge were for the patient an obstacle to self-care.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Livskvalitet är ett koncept som har en individuell prägel och som kan betyda olika för olika personer. Att vara drabbad av en kronisk sjukdom i lungorna, såsom astma, har en påverkan på livskvaliteten. Astma drabbar människor i alla åldrar och är en sjukdom som gör att patienten får en sammandragning i luftvägarna, vilket leder till en ångestskapande känsla av att kvävas.

Syfte: Syftet är att belysa vilka faktorer som påverkar livskvaliteten hos vuxna patienter med astma.

Metod: Denna studie är gjord i form av en litteraturöversikt baserad på tio artiklar från fyra världsdelar. Artiklarna är av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod och funna i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed, Medline samt Academic Search Premier.

Resultat: Det är många faktorer som påverkar livskvaliteten hos patienter med astma. Analysen resulterade i sex kategorier; demografiska faktorer, fysiska besvär, behandling, miljö, psykiska besvär samt kunskap och kommunikation.

Diskussion: Den faktor som framkom som tydligast i förhållande till livskvaliteten var förekomsten av icke önskade symptom. Dessa symptom som patienterna upplevde hade bland annat en orsak i de kunskapsbrister som fanns. Dorothea Orems ´Teori om egenvård´ användes som underlag i delar av diskussionen och det framgick att kunskapsbrister hos patienten var ett förekommande hinder till egenvård.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Asthma, Quality of Life, Adult, Nurse
Keyword [sv]
Astma, Livskvalitet, Vuxna, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-1543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-1543DiVA: diva2:526972
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-05-21 Created: 2012-05-15 Last updated: 2012-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Paulina Kihström(490 kB)324 downloads
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