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När förändringens vind blåser: Patienters upplevelser av att få diagnosen diabetes typ 2. En litteraturstudie
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Feeling the wind of change : Patients’ experiences of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 2 utgör den vanligaste diabetesformen, och cirka 4 % av Sveriges befolkning uppskattades ha diabetes 2010, varav nästan 90 % av dessa utgjordes av diabetes typ 2. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll i att stödja och vägleda patienten utifrån dennes upplevelser och behov.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur vuxna patienter upplever att diagnostiseras med diabetes typ 2.

Metod: Denna studie är en litteraturstudie baserad på tidigare forskning kring diabetes typ 2, och kommer att fokusera på fenomen relaterat till patienters upplevelser av att få en diagnos. Författarna identifierade sex teman: Upplevelser och känslomässiga reaktioner vid diagnos, Information och kunskap, Lära sig leva med diabetes, Att förneka sin sjukdom, Eget ansvar och egenvård samt Syn på framtiden.

Teoretisk referensram: Som teoretiskreferensram valdes  Afaf Meleis' Transitionsteori som bygger på tanken om att människor går igenom transitioner i livet av olika art.

Resultat: Resultaten visade att deltagarna upplevde att få en diagnos som diabetes typ 2 på olika sätt beroende på hur deras liv sett ut tiden innan diagnos. Det framkom också att kunskapen kring diabetes varierade och att deltagarna hade olika behov av information och stöd vid tillfälle för diagnos.

Diskussion: Att få en diagnos som diabetes typ 2 kan upplevas olika och vi har sett att det finns vissa faktorer som kan påverka upplevelsen. Faktorer som vi menar kan ha en inverkan är: den information och det stöd som ges vid diagnos, samt vilket bagage och vilken förförståelse personen i fråga har sedan tidigare.

Abstract [en]

Background: Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and approximately 4 % of Sweden's population was estimated to have diabetes in 2010, and almost 90 % of these consisted of type 2 diabetes. The nurse has an important role in supporting and guiding the patient based on his experiences and needs.

Aim: To describe how adult patients experience of being diagnosed with diabetes type two.

Method: This study is a literature review based on previous research on type 2 diabetes, and the focus will be on the phenomenon related to patient experiences of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The authors identified six themes: Experiences and emotional reactions at diagnosis, Information and knowledge, Learning to live with diabetes, To deny their illness, Personal responsibility and self-care and views of the future.

Theoretical framework: The theoretical framework that was chosen for this study was Afaf Meleis' Transition Theory, which is based on the idea that people go through different transitions in life.

Results: The results showed that patients experienced diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in different ways, depending on what their life looked like at the time before diagnosis. Findings also demonstrated that knowledge about diabetes varied among participants, and that they had different needs for information and support at the time of diagnosis.

Discussion: To receive a diagnosis like type 2 diabetes, can be experienced in different ways, and we have seen that certain factors can have an impact on the experience. These factors that we have identified are: information and support at the time of diagnosis, and the baggage and pre-understanding the person have before diagnosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Newly diagnosed, Type 2 diabetes, Patient, Experience.
Keyword [sv]
Ny diagnostiserad, Diabetes typ 2, Patient, Upplevelse.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-1575OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-1575DiVA: diva2:530611
Educational program
Bachelor/Master of Nursing Specialized in Care of the Elderly
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-04 Created: 2012-06-04 Last updated: 2012-06-04Bibliographically approved

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C uppsats - Mathilda Sandholm och Veronika Erdner(713 kB)950 downloads
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