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Can computerized working memory training improve impaired working memory, cognition and psychological health?
Rehabiliteringsmedicin, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
Rehabiliteringsmedicin, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
Rehabiliteringsmedicin, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2194-6773
2013 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 27, no 13-14, 1649-1657 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To study if computerized working memory (WM) training, in the sub-acute phase after acquired brain injury, in patients with impaired WM, improves WM, cognition and psychological health. Research design: A randomized study (n = 47) with an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG), mean age 47.7 years. The WAIS-III NI, Digit span, Arithmetic, Letter-Number Sequences (Working Memory sub-scale), Spatial span, the Barrow Neurological Institute Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions (BNIS) and the self-rating scales DEX and HADS were administered at baseline and at follow-ups at 6 and 18 weeks. Both groups underwent integrated rehabilitation. The IG also trained with the computerized WM training program, Cogmed QM, which was offered to the CG and followed up after the study completion. Results: Both groups improved after their WM training in Working Memory, BNIS and in Digit span, particularly the reversed section. Both the BNIS and the Digit span differed significantly between the IG and CG due to the greater improvement in the IG after their WM training. Psychological health improved as both groups reported less depressive symptoms and the CG also less anxiety, after the training. Conclusion: Results indicated that computerized WM training can improve working memory, cognition and psychological health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 27, no 13-14, 1649-1657 p.
Keyword [en]
Acquired brain injury, Cognition, Computerized training, Psychological health, Rehabilitation, Working memory
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-2540DOI: 10.3109/02699052.2013.830195PubMedID: 24087909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-2540DiVA: diva2:684125
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2013-12-17 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved

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