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Mobbning, kränkning eller brott?: Konstruktioner och hantering av barns oönskade handlingar i den svenska grundskolan
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Social Sciences. Linnéuniversitetet.
2016 (Swedish)In: Retfærd. Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0105-1121, Vol. 39, no 152, p. 59-72Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Skolrelaterade polisanmälningar avseende barn under 15 år som misstänks för misshandel, olaga hot, ofredanden och förolämpningar har ökat i svenska grundskolor. Vid sådana handlingar finns flera anmälningsförfaranden som kan aktualiseras. Grundregeln är att ansvaret för att åtgärda och/eller kompensera för sådana handlingar läggs på vuxna. Polisanmälningar utgör ett undantag eftersom barnets eget ansvar då står i fokus. Brottsmisstänkta barn är i första hand ett ansvar för socialtjänsten och inte för rättsväsendet. Inom barndomsforskning ses barn sedan 1980-talet som sociala och kompetenta aktörer med egna rättigheter. I individualiserat samhälle anses den utvecklingen kunna riskera att avkräva barn skyldigheter i samma omfattning som rättigheter. Författaren analyserar skolrelaterade polisanmälningar avseende barn 7-14 år för åren 2000-2010. Resultatet visar att anmälningarna används som ett medel för att disciplinera barn och för att kommunicera mellan de sociala systemen skola – familj – socialtjänst. Bruket av polisanmälningarna riskerar att försena möjligheten för socialtjänsten att fullgöra sitt ansvar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 39, no 152, p. 59-72
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Anmälningsförfarande, Anmälningsförfaranden, Polisanmälan, Svensk grundskola, Våld, Mobbning
National Category
Law and Society Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-4282DiVA: diva2:781975
Note

Nr. 1/2016. Nr. 152 sedan starten.

Available from: 2015-01-19 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Polisanmälningar i grundskolan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Polisanmälningar i grundskolan
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Police-Reported School Violence in Sweden
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about police reports concerning school violence in Sweden involving children below the age of criminal responsibility. Police reports about incidents caused by pupils in Swedish compulsory schools have increased since at least the 1980s. In research on violent, threatening and insulting acts among children in schools, incidence and causes are often studied in terms of bullying and degrading treatment. Criminological studies on children's violent acts, in schools, is mainly based on information on children aged 15 and over. Research on why police reports are filed about younger children in compulsory schools is limited. The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyse school-related police reports, in relation to children’s unwanted actions in compulsory schools with the goal of understanding the intentionality in every day practice. The empirical material consists of four studies of which three have been conducted using qualitative methods through analysing legal documents, using content analysis of texts in school-related police reports and interviews with Principals. The fourth study has been carried out with statistical analysis of school-related police reports. The results of the studies are presented in four papers. This thesis takes the approach from modern sociology which is used both as perspectives and theory. The perspectives concern modernity, social control and cultural sensitivity. The theoretical framework is based on theory of systems and lifeworld. The concluding analysis shows local differences in the assessments on which action will be reported to the police. It is mainly Principals who make reports to the police but also parents. Principals’ police reports are based on social commitment and early intervention and parents report concern about repeated school bullying of their children. Despite diverse local practices certain patterns appear. Boys in the 13-14 years age group are the ones most often seen as perpetrators in the police reports. Two particularly prominent patterns become visible at the school level. Most police reports are related to schools with low grades and to so-called resource schools. This indicates that the unwanted actions of disadvantaged children are more often reported to the police than the actions of other children. The filing of police reports can be understood as a result of difficulties among adults to reach common understanding on how children’s problems should be handled in school systems everyday practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2017. p. 171
Series
Linnaeus University Dissertations ; 280/2017
Keyword
Children, Police-report, Compulsory school, Modernity, Social systems, Cultural sensitivity, Pedagogical tool, Social work
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5881 (URN)9789188357656 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-07, Weber, Hus K, Växjö, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2017-03-28Bibliographically approved

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