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Upplevelser av mjuk massage ur ett patientperspektiv: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of soft tissue massage as described by patients : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Aktuell forskning har exempelvis visat att patienter som drabbats av en stroke och fått massage under tiden på sjukhuset förbättrat sin förmåga att genomföra aktiviteter i det dagliga livet snabbare än kontrollgruppen.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienters upplevelser av mjuk massage inom sjukvården.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten baseras på tio kvalitativa och en kvantitativ artikel vilka har funnits i databasen Cinahl. Fribergs analysmetod har använts i analysdelen. Sökorden var: touch, experience, care, touching, patient, nursing, nurs*, massage, tactile, tactile massage, soft tissue massage och aromatherapy. I diskussionen kopplas resultatet till den teoretiska utgångspunkten som är Katie Erikssons omvårdnadsteori, samt det vårdvetenskapliga konsensusbegreppet vårda.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom fyra teman varav ett har två underteman. I första temat, Relationen till massören, beskrivs patientens relation och känslor gentemot massören. Detta tema har även två subteman: Tillit och samhörighet och Känna sig omhändertagen och speciell. Det andra temat, Att vara här och nu, handlar om den mentala avslappningen deltagarna upplevde att de fick av massagen. Tredje temat, Kroppsligt välbefinnande, handlar om deltagarnas olika positiva fysiska upplevelser. Fjärde och sista temat, Negativa aspekter, handlar om det deltagarna upplevde som negativt i samband med massagen.

Diskussion: Som grund för diskussion ligger det vårdvetenskapliga begreppet vårda samt litteraturöversiktens teoretiska utgångspunkt, Katie Erikssons omvårdnadsteori vilken handlar om begreppen: Ansa, Leka och Lära. Dessa begrepp diskuteras tillsammans med några av huvudfynden som funnits i litteraturöversiktens resultat. Beröring, närhet och värme kännetecknar ansningen och här är det kroppsliga välbehaget är ett viktigt element. Mjuk massage kan ses som en del av ansningen i vårdandet då det kan göras med syftet att skapa kroppslig så väl som själslig avslappning och välbefinnande för patienten.

Abstract [en]

Background: Methods such as massage can be traced all the way from ancient Greece and the Roman Empire in the writings of Hippocrates. Hippocrates felt that through various "rubbingprocesses” could treat some medical conditions. Recent research has shown, for example, that patients who suffered a stroke and had a massage while in the hospital improved their abilities to carry out activities of daily living faster than the control group.

Aim: The aim was to describe patients' experiences of soft tissue massage in health care.

Method: This literature review is based on ten qualitative and one quantitative article which were found in the database Cinahl. Friberg's method of analysis has been used when the authors analyzed the articles. Keywords: touch, experience, care, touching, patient, nursing, nurs*, massage, tactile, tactile massage, soft tissue massage and aromatherapy. In the discussion the results were linked to the theoretical point that is Katie Erikssons nursing theory and the nursing concept “care”.

Results: The results revealed four themes, one of which has two subthemes. In the first theme, The relationship to the massage giver, the patients describe the relationship and feelings toward the massage giver. This theme has two subthemes: Trust and connectedness and Feel cared for and special. The second theme, To be here and now, is about the mental relaxation, the participants felt that they were given by the massage. The third theme, Bodily well-being, is about the participants' various positive physical experiences. The fourth and final theme, Negative aspects, is about what the participants experienced as negative during the massage.

Discussions: The discussion is anchored in two theoretical points which are Katie Erikson's theory of nursing, Trim, Playing and Learning, and the consensus concept Care. The debate focuses on the main findings of the result. These concepts are discussed along with some of the main findings of the results. Touch, intimacy and warmth characterize the trim and here the corporeal pleasure is an important element. Soft massage can be seen as part of the trim in the care, as it can be done with the aim of creating physical as well as mental relaxation and well-being of the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 32 p.
Keyword [sv]
Mjuk massage, Patient, Upplevelser, Omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-4285DiVA: diva2:782063
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-20 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2015-01-20Bibliographically approved

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