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Upplevelser av att vara bärare av MRSA
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of being carriers of MRSA (English)
Abstract [sv]

Backgrund: Staphylococcus aureus förmåga till resistensutveckling mot antibiotika utgör ett globalt problem, samtidigt är andelen patienter med MRSA i Sverige relativt få i jämförelse mot andra länder i Europa och världen. Tidigare forskning har visat att sjukvårdspersonal som vårdar patienter med MRSA beskrivit att de varit obekväma i mötet med dessa patienter. Det har även framkommit att sjukvårdspersonal uppvisat brister i tillämpandet av gällande riktlinjer och rutiner i vården av patienter med MRSA.

Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka individers upplevelser av att vara bärare av MRSA.

Metod: Arbetet har utformats inom ramar för en litteraturöversikt. Tio artiklar inkluderades i litteraturöversiktens resultat hämtade från databasen CINAHL Plus with Full Text.

Resultat: I litteraturöversiktens resultat framkom att individer med MRSA upplevde att bemötandet från vårdpersonal varit ovärdigt samt att vårdpersonal uppvisat ett avståndstagande i kontakten med individerna.  Individer med MRSA kände sig ovälkomna och oönskade inom sjukvården. Vidare framkom att individer med MRSA förknippade sitt bärarskap med negativa känslor.

Diskussion: Resultatet diskuterades utifrån Travelbees teori om mellanmänskliga relationer samt relaterades till annan vetenskaplig litteratur. Individer smittade med MRSA bör kunna för­vänta sig ett respektfullt bemötande samt att sjukvården ska vara en plats fri från fördomar gentemot smittan. Sjuksköterskan ska se till det friska hos individen, vilket innebär att individer med MRSA i be­mötandet från vårdpersonal inte ska likställas med sin diagnos.

Abstract [en]

Background: Staphylococcus aureus ability to develop a resistance towards antibiotics constitutes a global issue. The numbers of individuals suffering from MRSA in Sweden are relatively few in comparison to other European countries or even the world. Previous research has shown that caregivers describe a feeling of being uncomfortable in the contact with patients carrying MRSA and experienced insufficiency regarding usage of routines and guidelines.

Aim: The aim was to investigate the experiences of being a MRSA carrier.

Method: The work has been developed within the framework of a literature overview. Ten articles were included in the literature overview results, all of which were retrieved from the CINAHL database Plus with Full Text.

Results: In the literature overview it was shown that individuals struggling with MRSA had experienced undignified treatment from health care providers, and those caregivers, at times, had demonstrated unwillingness towards any contact with the individuals. Individuals with MRSA also felt unwelcome and unwanted by healthcare providers. It was also found that individuals with MRSA carrier status associated their illness with negative emotions.

Discussions: The results were discussed on the basis Travelbees human-to-human theory of interpersonal relationships and in relation to other scientific literature. Healthcare should be a place free from violations and all individuals infected with MRSA should be able to expect a respectful treatment and that healthcare should be a place free from prejudices. The nurse should focus on the healthy parts of the individual, which means that an individual with MRSA is not to be equated with the diagnosis in their contact with healthcare providers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
MRSA, patients experience, daily life, nursing
Keyword [sv]
MRSA, patienters upplevelser, dagligt liv, vårdande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-4401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-4401DiVA: diva2:793024
Educational program
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-03-06 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2015-03-06Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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